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LT4363 Datasheet

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Datasheet

LT4363
1
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
100ms/DIV
4363 TA01b
VIN
20V/DIV
VOUT
20V/DIV
80V INPUT SURGE CTMR = 6.8µF
ILOAD = 500mA
27V ADJUSTABLE CLAMP
12V
12V
The LT
®
4363 surge stopper protects loads from high voltage
transients. It regulates the output during an overvoltage
event, such as load dump in vehicles, by controlling the
gate of an external N-channel MOSFET. The output is limited
to a safe value allowing the loads to continue functioning.
The LT4363 also monitors the voltage drop between the
SNS and OUT pins to protect against overcurrent faults.
An internal amplifier limits the voltage across the current
sense resistor to 50mV. In either fault condition, a timer is
started inversely proportional to MOSFET stress. Before the
timer expires, the F LT pin pulls low to warn of an impend-
ing power down. If the condition persists, the MOSFET is
turned off. The L
T4363-1 remains off until reset whereas
the L
T4363-2 restarts after a cool down period.
Two precision comparators can monitor the input supply
for overvoltage (OV) and undervoltage (UV) conditions.
When the potential is below the UV threshold, the external
MOSFET is kept off. If the input supply voltage is above the
OV threshold, the MOSFET is not allowed to turn back on.
Back-to-back MOSFETs can be used in lieu of a Schottky
diode for reverse input protection, reducing voltage drop
and power loss. A shutdown pin reduces the quiescent
current to less than 7µA during shutdown.
Typical applicaTion
FeaTures DescripTion
High Voltage Surge
Stopper with Current Limit
4A, 12V Overvoltage Output Regulator with 150V Surge Protection Overvoltage Protector Regulates
Output at 27V During Transient
applicaTions
n Withstands Surges Over 100V with VCC Clamp
n Wide Operating Voltage Range: 4V to 80V
n Adjustable Output Clamp Voltage
n Fast Overcurrent Limit: Less Than 5µs
n Reverse Input Protection to –60V
n Adjustable UV/OV Comparator Thresholds
n Low 7µA Shutdown Current
n Shutdown Pin Withstands –60V to 100V
n Adjustable Fault Timer
n Controls N-Channel MOSFET
n Less Than 1% Retry Duty Cycle During Faults,
LT4363-2
n Available in 12-Pin (4mm × 3mm) DFN, 12-Pin
MSOP and 16-Pin SO Packages
n Automotive/Avionic/Industrial Surge Protection
n Hot Swap™/Live Insertion
n High Side Switch for Battery Powered Systems
n Intrinsic Safety Applications
L, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology and the Linear logo are registered trademarks and
No RSENSE, ThinSOT and Hot Swap are trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation. All other
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
0.1µF
10Ω
10mΩ
FDB33N25
VIN
12V
4363 TA01
LT4363-2
GND TMR
OUTGATE SNS
UV
SHDN
OV FAULT
OUTPUT
CLAMP
AT 16V
ENOUT
FLT
FB
1k
SMAJ58A
22µF
0.1µF VCC
DC/DC
CONVERTER
GND
SHDN
VCC
4.99k
127k
49.9k
57.6k
LT4363
2
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
absoluTe MaxiMuM raTings
VCC, SHDN, UV, OV ................................... 60V to 100V
SNS, OUT ................................................. 0.3V to 100V
SNS to OUT ................................................. 30V to 30V
GATE (Note 3) ..................................0.3V to SNS + 10V
ENOUT, FLT .............................................. 0.3V to 100V
FB ............................................................. 0.3V to 5.5V
TMR ......................................................................0.5mA
(Notes 1, 2)
LT4363-1 LT4363-1 LT4363-1
12
11
10
9
8
7
13
GND
1
2
3
4
5
6
TMR
ENOUT
FLT
GND
UV
GND
FB
OUT
SNS
GATE
VCC
SHDN
TOP VIEW
DE PACKAGE
12-LEAD (4mm
×
3mm) PLASTIC DFN
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 43°C/W
EXPOSED PAD (PIN 13) IS GND, CONNECTION TO PCB
OPTIONAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
FB
OUT
SNS
GATE
VCC
SHDN
12
11
10
9
8
7
TMR
ENOUT
FLT
GND
UV
GND
TOP VIEW
MS PACKAGE
12-LEAD PLASTIC MSOP
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 135°C/W
TOP VIEW
S PACKAGE
16-LEAD PLASTIC SO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
OUT
SNS
NC
GATE
NC
VCC
NC
SHDN
FB
TMR
NC
ENOUT
FLT
GND
UV
GND
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 80°C/W
LT4363-2 LT4363-2 LT4363-2
12
11
10
9
8
7
13
GND
1
2
3
4
5
6
TMR
ENOUT
FLT
GND
UV
OV
FB
OUT
SNS
GATE
VCC
SHDN
TOP VIEW
DE PACKAGE
12-LEAD (4mm × 3mm) PLASTIC DFN
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 43°C/W
EXPOSED PAD (PIN 13) IS GND, CONNECTION TO PCB
OPTIONAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
FB
OUT
SNS
GATE
VCC
SHDN
12
11
10
9
8
7
TMR
ENOUT
FLT
GND
UV
OV
TOP VIEW
MS PACKAGE
12-LEAD PLASTIC MSOP
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 135°C/W
TOP VIEW
S PACKAGE
16-LEAD PLASTIC SO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
OUT
SNS
NC
GATE
NC
VCC
NC
SHDN
FB
TMR
NC
ENOUT
FLT
GND
UV
OV
TJMAX = 125°C, θJA = 80°C/W
pin conFiguraTion
Operating Temperature Range
LT4363C .................................................. 0°C to 70°C
LT4363I ................................................40°C to 85°C
LT4363H ............................................ 40°C to 125°C
LT4363MP ......................................... –55°C to 125°C
Storage Temperature Range
DE12 .................................................. 65°C to 125°C
MS, SO .............................................. 65°C to 150°C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec)
MS, SO .............................................................300°C
LT4363
3
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
orDer inForMaTion
LEAD FREE FINISH TAPE AND REEL PART MARKING* PACKAGE DESCRIPTION TEMPERATURE RANGE
LT4363CDE-1#PBF LT4363CDE-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead (4mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN 0°C to 70°C
LT4363IDE-1#PBF LT4363IDE-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead (4mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 85°C
LT4363HDE-1#PBF LT4363HDE-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead (4mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LT4363CDE-2#PBF LT4363CDE-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead (4mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN 0°C to 70°C
LT4363IDE-2#PBF LT4363IDE-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead (4mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 85°C
LT4363HDE-2#PBF LT4363HDE-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead (4mm × 3mm) Plastic DFN –40°C to 125°C
LT4363CMS-1#PBF LT4363CMS-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead Plastic MSOP 0°C to 70°C
LT4363HMS-1#PBF LT4363HMS-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LT4363IMS-1#PBF LT4363IMS-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 85°C
LT4363MPMS-1#PBF LT4363MPMS-1#TRPBF 43631 12-Lead Plastic MSOP –55°C to 125°C
LT4363CMS-2#PBF LT4363CMS-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead Plastic MSOP 0°C to 70°C
LT4363HMS-2#PBF LT4363HMS-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 125°C
LT4363IMS-2#PBF LT4363IMS-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead Plastic MSOP –40°C to 85°C
LT4363MPMS-2#PBF LT4363MPMS-2#TRPBF 43632 12-Lead Plastic MSOP –55°C to 125°C
LT4363CS-1#PBF LT4363CS-1#TRPBF LT4363S-1 16-Lead Plastic SO 0°C to 70°C
LT4363HS-1#PBF LT4363HS-1#TRPBF LT4363S-1 16-Lead Plastic SO –40°C to 125°C
LT4363IS-1#PBF LT4363IS-1#TRPBF LT4363S-1 16-Lead Plastic SO –40°C to 85°C
LT4363MPS-1#PBF LT4363MPS-1#TRPBF LT4363S-1 16-Lead Plastic SO –55°C to 125°C
LT4363CS-2#PBF LT4363CS-2#TRPBF LT4363S-2 16-Lead Plastic SO 0°C to 70°C
LT4363HS-2#PBF LT4363HS-2#TRPBF LT4363S-2 16-Lead Plastic SO –40°C to 125°C
LT4363IS-2#PBF LT4363IS-2#TRPBF LT4363S-2 16-Lead Plastic SO –40°C to 85°C
LT4363MPS-2#PBF LT4363MPS-2#TRPBF LT4363S-2 16-Lead Plastic SO –55°C to 125°C
Consult LTC Marketing for parts specified with wider operating temperature ranges. *The temperature grade is identified by a label on the shipping container.
Consult LTC Marketing for information on non-standard lead based finish parts.
For more information on lead free part marking, go to: http://www.linear.com/leadfree/
For more information on tape and reel specifications, go to: http://www.linear.com/tapeandreel/
elecTrical characTerisTics
The l denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating
temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25°C. VCC = 12V, unless otherwise noted.
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
VCC Operating Voltage Range LT4363 l4 80 V
ICC VCC Supply Current SHDN Open, OUT = SNS = 12V
SHDN = 0V, OUT = SNS = 0V
l
l
0.7
7
1.2
20
40
mA
µA
µA
IRReverse Input Current VCC = –60V, SHDN, UV, OV Open
VCC = SHDN = UV = OV = –60V
l
l
–0.5
–3
–4
–10
mA
mA
ΔVGATE GATE Drive ΔVGATE = (GATE – SNS);VCC = OUT
VCC = 4V; IGATE = –0.5µA, 0µA
9V ≤ VCC ≤ 80V; IGATE = –1µA, 0µA
l
l
4.5
10
13
16
V
V
IGATE(UP) GATE Pull-Up Current VCC = GATE = OUT = 12V
VCC = GATE = OUT = 48V
l
l
–15
–20
–30
–40
–45
–65
µA
µA
IGATE(DN) GATE Pull-Down Current Overvoltage: FB = 1.5V, GATE = 12V, OUT = 5V
Overcurrent: ΔVSNS = 150mV, VGATE = 10V, OUT = 0V
Shutdown/UV Mode: SHDN = 0V, GATE = 10V
UV = 1V, GATE = 10V
l
l
l
l
75
50
50
200
150
100
1000
1000
mA
mA
µA
µA
VFB FB Servo Voltage GATE = 12V; OUT = 8V l1.25 1.275 1.3 V
LT4363
4
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Note 2: All currents into device pins are positive, all currents out of device pins
are negative. All voltages are referenced to GND unless otherwise specified.
Note 3: An internal clamp limits the GATE pin to a minimum of 10V above
the OUT pin. Driving this pin to voltages beyond the clamp may damage
the device.
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
IFB FB Input Current VFB = 1.275V l±0.2 ±1 µA
ΔVSNS Current Limit Sense Voltage
ΔVSNS = (SNS – OUT)
VCC = 12V, OUT = 3V to 12V
VCC = 48V, OUT = 3V to 48V
l
l
45
48
50
53
55
58
mV
mV
Current Limit Foldback VCC = 12V, OUT = 0V to 1V
VCC = 48V, OUT = 0V to 1V
l
l
15
16
25
27
35
36
mV
mV
ISNS SNS Input Current OUT = SNS = 3V to 80V
OUT = SNS = 0V
l
l
20
–10
40
–15
µA
µA
ITMR TMR Pull-up Current, Overvoltage TMR = 1V, FB = 1.5V, ΔVDS = 0.5V
TMR = 1V, FB = 1.5V, ΔVDS = 75V
l
l
–1.7
42
–4
–50
–6
–58
µA
µA
TMR Pull-up Current, OV Warning TMR = 1.325V
, FB = 1.5V, ΔVDS = 0.5V l–3 –5 –7 µA
TMR Pull-up Current, Overcurrent TMR = 1V, ΔVSNS = 100mV, ΔVDS = 0.5V
TMR = 1V, ΔVSNS = 100mV, ΔVDS = 80V
l
l
–5
–190
–9
–250
–13
310
µA
µA
TMR Pull-up Current, Cool Down TMR = 3V, FB = 1.5V, ΔVSNS = 0V, ΔVDS = 0V l–1 –2.3 –3.5 µA
TMR Pin Pull-down Current, Cool Down VTMR = 3V, FB = 1.5V, ΔVSNS = 0V, ΔVDS = 0V l1 2 4 µA
VTMR(F)
VTMR(G)
VTMR(R)
TMR Fault Threshold
TMR Gate Off Threshold
TMR Restart Threshold
TMR Rising
TMR Rising
TMR Falling, LT4363-2
l
l
l
1.235
1.335
0.47
1.275
1.375
0.5
1.31
1.41
0.53
V
V
V
ΔVTMR Early Warning Window VTMR(G) VTMR(F) l80 100 120 mV
VTMR(H) TMR Cool Down High Threshold VCC = 7V to 80V, TMR Rising l3.5 4.3 5.4 V
VUV UV Input Threshold UV Rising l1.24 1.275 1.31 V
VUV(HYST) UV Input Hysteresis 12 mV
VOV OV Input Threshold OV Rising l1.24 1.275 1.31 V
VOV(HYST) OV Input Hysteresis 7.5 mV
IIN UV, OV Input Current UV = 1.275V
UV = –60V
l
l
±0.2
–1
±1
–2
µA
mA
ILEAK F LT , ENOUT Leakage Current F LT , ENOUT = 80V l±0.5 ±2.5 µA
VOL F LT , ENOUT Output Low ISINK = 0.1mA
ISINK = 2mA
l
l
300
2
800
9
mV
V
ΔVOUT(TH) OUT High Threshold ΔVOUT = VCC – VOUT, ENOUT From Low to High l0.25 0.5 0.75 V
ΔVOUT(RST) OUT Reset Threshold ENOUT From High to Low l1.8 2.7 3.6 V
IOUT OUT Input Current VCC = OUT = 12V, SHDN Open
VCC = OUT = 12V, SHDN = 0V
l
l
0.25
0.25
0.5
1
mA
mA
VSHDN SHDN Threshold VCC = 4V to 80V
l
0.6
0.4
1.4 1.7
2.1
V
V
VSHDN(Z) SHDN Open Voltage VCC = 4V to 80V l2.2 V
ISHDN SHDN Current SHDN = 0.4V l–1 –4 –8 µA
tRESET SHDN Reset Time SHDN ≤ 0.4V; LT4363-1 l100 µs
D Retry Duty Cycle; Overvoltage VCC = 80V, OUT = 16V, FB = 1.5V; LT4363-2 l1 2 %
Retry Duty Cycle; Output Short VCC = 12V, OUT = 0V, ∆VSNS = 100mV; LT4363-2 l0.76 1 %
tOFF(UV) Undervoltage Turn Off Propagation Delay UV Steps from 1.5V to 1V l2 5 µs
tOFF(OV) Overvoltage Turn Off Propagation Delay FB Steps from 0V to 1.5V; OUT = 0V l0.25 1 µs
tOFF(OC) Overcurrent Turn Off Propagation Delay ∆VSNS Steps from 0V to 150mV; OUT = 0V l1 2.5 µs
Note 1: Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. Exposure to any Absolute
Maximum Rating condition for extended periods may affect device
reliability and lifetime.
elecTrical characTerisTics
The l denotes the specifications which apply over the full operating
temperature range, otherwise specifications are at TA = 25°C. VCC = 12V, unless otherwise noted.
LT4363
5
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Specifications are at VCC = 12V, TA = 25°C, unless
otherwise noted.
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
SHDN Current vs Temperature GATE Pull-Up Current vs VCC
GATE Pull-Up Current vs
Temperature
GATE Pull-Down Current vs
Temperature: Overcurrent
GATE Pull-Down Current vs
Temperature: Overvoltage
Gate Drive Voltage vs Gate
Pull-Down Current ΔVGATE vs IGATE
Supply Current vs Supply Voltage
(ICC vs VCC)
Supply Current During Shutdown
vs Temperature
(ICC(SHDN) vs Temperature)
Supply Current During Shutdown
vs Supply Voltage
(ICC(SHDN) vs VCC)
VCC (V)
0
CC
800
600
400
200
0
70605020 4010 30
VCC (V)
0
I
CC
(µA)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
4363 G03
80
70605020 4010 30
OUT = SNS = 0V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
I
CC
(µA)
8
7
5
6
4
2
3
1
00 50–25 25 100
4363 G02
125
75
OUT = SNS = 0V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
I
CC(SHDN)
(µA)
3.0
2.5
1.5
2.0
0.5
1.0
00 50–25 25 100
4363 G04
125
75
SHDN = 0V
SHDN = 0.4V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50 0 50–25 25 100
125
75
I
GATE(DN,OC)
(mA)
200
125
100
175
150
75
50
25
0
4363 G07
∆VSNS = 150mV
OUT = 0V
GATE = 10V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50 0 50–25 25 100
125
75
I
GATE(DN,OV)
(mA)
200
125
100
175
150
75
50
25
0
4363 G08
SNS = OUT = 5V
GATE = 12V
FB = 1.5V
VCC (V)
0
IGATE(UP) (µA)
–50
–30
–40
–20
–10
0
4363 G05
8070605020 4010 30
IGATE (µA)
0
∆VGATE (V)
14
13
12
11
10 –6
4363 G09
–10–8–4–2
VCC = SNS = OUT
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50 0 50–25 25 100
75 125
IGATE(UP) (µA)
–30
–35
–25
–20
–15
4363 G06
LT4363
6
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
Overvoltage TMR Current vs
(VCC – VOUT)
Overcurrent TMR Current vs
(VCC – VOUT)
Warning Period TMR Current
vs VCC
TMR Pull-Down Current vs
Temperature
TMR Pull-Up Current (Cool Down)
vs Temperature Output Low Voltage vs Current
Gate Drive vs Temperature
(ΔVGATE vs Temperature)
Gate Drive vs Supply Voltage
(ΔVGATE vs VCC)
TMR High Threshold vs
Supply Voltage
Specifications are at VCC = 12V, TA = 25°C, unless
otherwise noted.
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
∆V
GATE
(V)
14
13
11
12
10 0 50–25 25 100
4363 G10
125
75
VCC = SNS = OUT
IGATE = –1µA
IGATE = 0µA
VCC (V)
0
∆V
GATE
(V)
16
10
8
14
12
6
4
2
0
4363 G11
80
7060208 164 12
VCC = SNS = OUT
IGATE = 0µA
IGATE = 1µA
VCC (V)
0
V
TMR
(V)
5
4
3
2
1
4363 G12
80
70605020 4010 30
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
I
TMR(DN)
(µA)
2.4
2.0
1.2
1.6
0.4
0.8
00 50–25 25 100
4363 G16
125
75
TMR = 1V
ISINK (mA)
0
V
OL
(V)
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
4363 G18
3.0
2.52.01.51.00.5
OUT = SNS = 3V
VCC – VOUT (V)
0
ITMR(U P,O V ) (µA)
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
4363 G13
8070605020 4010 30
TMR = 1V
VCC (V)
0
ITMR(OV,EW) (µA)
–7
–6
–5
–4
–3
–2
4363 G15
8070605020 4010 30
∆VDS = 0.5V
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50
ITMR(UP,COOL) (µA)
–3.0
–2.5
–1.5
–2.0
–0.5
–1.0
00 50–25 25 100
4363 G17
12575
TMR = 3V
VCC – VOUT (V)
0
ITMR(U P,OC ) (µA)
–260
–220
–160
–120
–80
–40
0
4363 G14
8070605020 4010 30
TMR = 1V
LT4363
7
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Typical perForMance characTerisTics
Reverse Current vs Reverse
Voltage
Current Limit Foldback
(ΔVSNS vs OUT)
Overvoltage Turn-Off Time vs
Temperature
Overcurrent Turn-Off Time vs
Temperature
Specifications are at VCC = 12V, TA = 25°C, unless
otherwise noted.
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50 0 50–25 25 100
125
75
t
OFF(OV)
(ns)
350
200
100
300
150
250
50
0
4363 G19
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–50 0 50–25 25 100
125
75
t
OFF(OC)
(µs)
1.4
0.8
0.4
1.2
0.6
1.0
0.2
0
4363 G20
OUT = 0V
∆VSNS = 150mV
OUT = 3V
∆VSNS = 300mV
VCC (V)
0
I
GND
(mA)
–7
–4
–3
–6
–5
–2
–1
0
4363 G21
–80
–70–60–50–20 –40–10 –30
VCC = SHDN
OUT (V)
0
∆VSNS (mV)
60
40
20
0
50
30
10
4363 G22
5431 2
LT4363
8
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
pin FuncTions
ENOUT: Open Collector Enable Output. The ENOUT pin goes
high impedance when the voltage at the OUT pin is within
0.5V of VCC and 3V above GND, indicating the external
MOSFET is fully on. The state of the pin is latched until the
OUT pin voltage drops below 2V, resetting the latch. The
internal NPN is capable of sinking up to 2mA of current.
Exposed Pad (DFN Package Only): Exposed pad may be
left open or connected to device ground (GND).
FB: Voltage Regulator Feedback Input. Connect this pin to
the center tap of the resistive divider connected between
the OUT pin and ground. During an overvoltage condition,
the GATE pin is controlled to maintain a 1.275V threshold
at the FB pin. Connect to GND to disable the OV clamp.
F LT : Open Collector Fault Output. This pin pulls low after
the voltage at the TMR pin has reached the fault threshold
of 1.275V. It indicates the pass transistor is about to turn off
because either the supply voltage has stayed at an elevated
level for an extended period of time (voltage fault) or the
device is in an overcurrent condition (current fault). The
internal NPN is capable of sinking up to 2mA of current.
GATE: N-Channel MOSFET Gate Drive Output. The GATE pin
is pulled up by an internal charge pump current source to
13V above the OUT pin. A 14V protection clamp limits this
voltage during faults. Both voltage and current amplifiers
control the GATE pin to regulate the output voltage and
limit the current through the MOSFET.
GND: Device Ground.
OUT: Output Voltage Sense Input. This pin senses the
voltage at the source of the external N-channel MOSFET.
The voltage difference between VCC and OUT sets the fault
timer current. When this difference drops below 0.5V, the
EN pin goes high impedance.
OV (LT4363-2): Overvoltage Comparator Input. When OV
is above its threshold of 1.275V, the fault retry function
is inhibited even when the TMR pin voltage has reached
its retry threshold. As soon as the voltage at OV pin falls
below its lower threshold the GATE pin is allowed to turn
back on. Connect to GND if unused.
SHDN: Shutdown Control Input. The LT4363 can be
shutdown to a low current mode by pulling the SHDN pin
below the threshold of 0.4V. Pull this pin above 2.1V or
disconnect it to allow the internal current source to turn
the part back on. The leakage current to ground at the
pin should be limited to no more than 1µA if no external
pull up is used to turn the part on. The SHDN pin can be
pulled up to 100V or below GND by 60V without damage.
SNS: Current Sense Input. Connect this pin to the input of
the current sense resistor. The current limit circuit controls
the GATE pin to limit the sense voltage between SNS and
OUT pins to 50mV. This is reduced to 25mV in a severe
fault when OUT is below 2V. When in current limit mode,
a current source charges up the TMR pin. The voltage
difference with the OUT pin must be limited to less than
30V. Connect to OUT pin if unused.
TMR: Fault Timer Input. Connect a capacitor between this
pin and ground to set the times for early fault warning,
fault turn-off, and cool down periods. The current charg-
ing up this pin during fault conditions depends on the
voltage difference between the VCC and OUT pins. When
TMR reaches 1.275V, the F LT pin pulls low to indicate the
detection of a fault condition. If the condition persists, the
pass transistor turns off when TMR reaches the threshold
of 1.375V. A 2µA current source then continues to pull the
TMR up. When TMR reaches 4.3V, the 2µA current reverses
direction and starts to pull the TMR pin low. When TMR
reaches the retry threshold of 0.5V, the GATE pin pulls
high turning back on the pass transistor for the LT4363-2
version. The GATE pin latches low after fault time out for
the LT4363-1. A minimum of 10nF capacitor is needed to
compensate the loop.
UV: Undervoltage Comparator Input. When UV falls below
its threshold of 1.275V, the GATE is pulled down with a
1mA current. When UV rises above 1.275V plus the hys-
teresis, the pull down current disappears and the GATE
pin is pulled up by the internal charge pump. If unused,
connect to VCC.
VCC: Positive Supply Voltage Input. The positive supply
input ranges from 4V to 80V for normal operation. It can
also be pulled below ground by up to 60V during a reverse
battery condition, without damaging the part. Shutting
down the LT4363 by pulling the SHDN pin to ground will
reduce the supply current to 7µA.
LT4363
9
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
block DiagraM
+
+
SNSVCC
SHDN
OV
(LT4363-2 ONLY)
IA
50mV/
25mV
2µA
1.375V
14V
1.275V
1.275V
4.3V
1.275V
+
0.5V
OUT
TMR GND
GATE
UV
4363 BD
VCC
ITMR
FLT
ENOUT
FB
+
CHARGE
PUMP
CONTROL
LOGIC
GATEOFF FLT
VA
SHDN
RETRY
UV
+
+
+
+
+
LT4363
10
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
operaTion
Some power systems must cope with high voltage surges
of short duration such as those in vehicles. Load circuitry
must be protected from these transients, yet high availability
systems must continue operating during these events.
The LT4363 is an overvoltage protection regulator that
drives an external N-channel MOSFET as the pass transis-
tor. It operates from a wide supply voltage range of 4V to
80V. It can also be pulled below ground potential by up
to 60V without damage. The low power supply require-
ment of 4V allows it to operate even during cold cranking
conditions in automotive applications. The internal charge
pump turns on the N-channel MOSFET to supply current
to the loads with very little power loss. Two MOSFETs can
be connected back to back to replace an inline Schottky
diode for reverse input protection. This improves the ef-
ficiency and increases the available supply voltage level
to the load circuitry during cold crank.
Normally, the pass transistor is fully on, powering the loads
with very little voltage drop. When the supply voltage surges
too high, the voltage amplifier (VA) controls the gate of the
MOSFET and regulates the voltage at the OUT pin to a level
that is set by the external resistive divider from the OUT
pin to ground and the internal 1.275V reference. A current
source starts charging up the capacitor connected at the
TMR pin to ground. If the TMR voltage reaches 1.275V,
the F LT pin pulls low to indicate impending turn-off due
to the overvoltage condition. The pass transistor stays on
until TMR reaches 1.375V, at which point the GATE pin
pulls low turning off the MOSFET.
A current continues to pull the TMR pin up until it reaches
about 4.3V, at which point the current reverses direction
and pulls the TMR pin down. For the LT4363-2 version,
when the voltage at the TMR pin reaches 0.5V the GATE
pin begins rising, turning on the MOSFET. The F LT pin will
then return to a high impedance state. For the latch-off
version, LT4363-1, both the GATE and F LT pins remain
low even after TMR has reached the 0.5V threshold. Allow
sufficient time for TMR to discharge to 0.5V and for the
MOSFET to cool before attempting to reset the part. To
reset, pull the SHDN pin low for at least 100µs, then pull
high with a slew rate of at least 10V/ms.
The fault timer allows the load to continue functioning
during short transient events while protecting the MOSFET
from being damaged by a long period of supply overvolt-
age, such as a load dump in vehicles. The timer period
varies with the voltage across the MOSFET
. A higher volt-
age corresponds to a shorter fault timer period, helping
to keep the MOSFET within its safe operating area (SOA).
The L
T4363 senses an overcurrent condition by monitor-
ing the voltage across an optional sense resistor placed
between the SNS and OUT pins. An active current limit
circuit (IA) controls the GATE pin to limit the sense volt-
age to 50mV, if the OUT pin potential is above 2V. In the
case of a severe output short that brings OUT below 2V,
the servo sense voltage is reduced to 25mV to reduce
the stress on the pass transistor. During current limit, the
current charging the TMR capacitor is about 5 times the
current during an overvoltage event. The F LT pin pulls low
when the TMR voltage reaches 1.275V and the MOSFET
is turned off when it reaches 1.375V. The MOSFET turns
back on and the F LT pin returns to a high impedance state
after TMR has reached the 0.5V threshold for the LT4363-2
version. For the latch-off version, LT4363-1, both the GATE
and F LT pins remain low even after TMR has reached
the 0.5V threshold. Reset the part in the same way as in
overvoltage time-out case.
An accurate undervoltage comparator keeps the GATE
pin low until the voltage at the UV pin is above the
1.275V threshold. An overvoltage comparator prevents
the MOSFET from turning on after fault time-out while
the voltage at the OV pin is still above 1.275V for the
LT4363-2. The SHDN pin turns off the pass transistor
and all the internal circuitry, reducing the supply current
to a mere 7µA.
LT4363
11
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
applicaTions inForMaTion
The LT4363 limits the voltage and current delivered to the
load during supply transient or output overload events. The
total fault timer period is set to ride through short-duration
faults, while longer events cause the output to shut off
and protect the MOSFET pass device from damage. The
MOSFET provides a low resistance path from the input to
the load during normal operation, while in fault conditions
it operates as a series regulator.
Overvoltage Fault
The LT4363 limits the voltage at the output during an
overvoltage at the input. An internal amplifier regulates
the GATE pin to maintain 1.275V at the FB pin. During
this interval the MOSFET is on and supplies current to
the load. This allows uninterrupted operation during short
overvoltage events. If the overvoltage condition persists,
the timer causes the MOSFET to turn off.
Overcurrent Fault
The LT4363 features and adjustable current limit that pro-
tects against output short circuits or excessive load current.
During an overcurrent event, the GATE pin is regulated to
limit the current sense voltage across the SNS and OUT
pins to 50mV. In the case of a severe short at the output,
where OUT is less than 2V, the current sense voltage is
reduced to 25mV to further reduce power dissipation in
the MOSFET. If the overcurrent condition persists, the
timer causes the MOSFET to turn off.
Fault Timer Overview
Overvoltage and overcurrent conditions are limited in
duration by an adjustable timer. A capacitor at the TMR pin
sets the delay time before a fault condition is reported at
the F LT pin as well as the overall delay before the MOSFET
is turned off. The same capacitor also sets the cool down
time before the MOSFET is allowed to turn back on.
When either an overvoltage or overcurrent fault condition
occurs, a current source charges the TMR pin capacitor.
The exact current level varies as a function of the type of
fault and the VDS voltage drop across the MOSFET. This
scheme takes better advantage of the MOSFETs available
Safe Operating Area (SOA) than would a fixed timer current.
The TMR pin is biased to 0.5V under normal operating
conditions. In the presence of a fault the timer first charges
to 1.275V, and then enters the early warning phase of
operation. At this point the F LT pin pulls low and after
charging to 1.375V, the timer shuts off the MOSFET. The
warning phase is indicated by F LT low and gives time for
the load to perform house-keeping chores such as data
storage in anticipation of impending power loss. After
faulting off, the timer enters the cool down phase. At the
end of the cool down period the LT4363-1 remains off until
reset, while the LT4363-2 automatically restarts. For the
LT4363-2 retry is inhibited if the OV pin is greater than
1.275V. This prevents motorboating in the event there is
a sustained input overvoltage condition.
Fault Timer Operation in Overvoltage
In the presence of an overvoltage condition when the
LT4363 regulates the output voltage, the timer charges
from 0.5V to 1.275V with a current that varies as a func-
tion of VDS (see Figure 1). VDS is inferred from the drop
across VCC and OUT. The timer current increases linearly
from around 4µA with VDS ≤ 0.5V, to 50µA with VDS = 75V.
Because VDS is measured indirectly, clamping or filtering
at the VCC pin affects the timer current response. A graph
of Overvoltage TMR Current vs (VCC – VOUT) is shown in
the Typical Performance Characteristics.
When TMR reaches 1.275V, the F LT pin is latched low as
an early warning of impending shutdown. The timer cur-
rent is cut to a fixed value of 6µA and continues to run
until TMR reaches 1.375V, producing a fixed early warning
period given by:
CTMR = tWARNING
6µA
100mV
When TMR reaches 1.375V, the MOSFET is turned off and
allowed to cool for an extended period. The total elapsed
time between the onset of output regulation and turn-off
is given by:
tREG =CTMR 0.775V
ITMR
+100mV
6µA
Because ITMR is a function of VCC – VOUT, the exact time in
regulation depends upon the input waveform and the time
required for the output voltage to come into regulation.
LT4363
12
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
tFLT
= 15.5ms/µF
TOTAL FAULT TIMER = t
FLT
+ t
WARNING
tWARNING
= 16.67ms/µF
tFLT = 96.9ms/µF tWARNING
= 16.67ms/µF
V
TMR(V)
ITMR = 6µA ITMR = 6µA
VDS = 75V
(ITMR = 50µA)
VDS = 10V
(ITMR = 8µA)
1.375
1.275
TIME
4363 F01
0.50
Fault Timer Operation in Overcurrent
TMR pin behavior in overcurrent is substantially the same
as in overvoltage. In the presence of an overcurrent con-
dition when the LT4363 regulates the output current, the
timer charges from 0.5V to 1.275V with a current that
varies as a function of VDS (see Figure 2). The current is
about 5 times the value produced in overvoltage, under
similar conditions VDS, increasing linearly from 8µA with
VDS < 0.5V to 260µA with VDS = 80V. VDS is inferred from
the drop across VCC and OUT. Because VDS is measured
indirectly, clamping or filtering at the VCC pin affects the
timer current response. A graph of Overcurrent TMR Cur-
rent vs (VCC – VOUT) is shown in the Typical Performance
Characteristics.
When TMR reaches 1.275V, the F LT pin is latched low as
an early warning of impending shutdown. But unlike the
overvoltage case, the timer current is not reduced and
instead continues unabated until TMR reaches 1.375V,
producing an early warning period given by:
CTMR = tWARNING
I
TMR
100mV
When TMR reaches 1.375V, the MOSFET is turned off and
allowed to cool for an extended period. The total elapsed
time between the onset of current limiting and turn-off
is given by:
tLIM =CTMR
0.875V
I
TMR
Because ITMR is a function of VCC – VOUT, the exact time
in current limit depends upon the input waveform and the
time required for the output current to come into regulation.
Cool Down Phase
Cool Down behavior is the same whether initiated by
overvoltage or overcurrent. During the cool down phase,
the timer continues to charge from 1.375V to 4.3V with
2µA, and then discharges back down to 0.5V with 2µA,
for a total equivalent voltage swing of 6.725V. The cool
down time is given by:
tCOOL =CTMR
2.925V+3.8V
2µA
Up to this point the operation of the LT4363-1 and LT4363-2
is the same. Behavior at the end of the cool down phase
and in response to the SHDN pin is entirely different.
At the end of the cool down phase the LT4363-1 remains
latched off and F LT remains low. It may be restarted by
pulling the SHDN pin low for at least 100µs or by cycling
power. The cool down phase may be interrupted at any-
time by pulling SHDN low for at least 1s/µF of CTMR; the
LT4363-1 will restart when SHDN goes high.
The LT4363-2 will automatically retry at the end of the
cool down phase. Retry is inhibited if the OV pin is above
1.275V; this prevents repetitive retries while the input is
held in a sustained overvoltage condition. Retry is auto-
applicaTions inForMaTion
Figure 1. Overvoltage Fault Timer Current
Figure 2. Overcurrent Fault Timer Current
tFLT
= 2.98ms/µF
TOTAL FAULT TIMER = t
FLT
+ t
WARNING
tFLT = 22.14ms/µF tWARNING
= 2.86ms/µF
tWARNING
= 0.38ms/µF
V
TMR(V)
VDS = 10V
(ITMR = 35µA)
1.375
1.275
0.50
TIME
4363 F02
VDS = 80V
(ITMR = 260µA)
LT4363
13
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
applicaTions inForMaTion
matically initiated once the OV pin falls below 1.268V. OV
has no effect on initial start-up when power is first applied
and upon exiting shutdown. The cool down phase may
be interrupted in the LT4363-2 by pulling SHDN low for
at least 1s/µF of CTMR.
For both the LT4363-1 and LT4363-2 the F LT pin goes
high in shutdown and is cleared high when power is first
applied to VCC. If F LT is set low, it can be reset during the
cool down phase by pulling SHDN low for at least 1s/µF
of CTMR.
Intermittent Fault Conditions
Brief overvoltage or overcurrent conditions interrupt the
operation of the timer. If the TMR pin has not yet reached
1.275V when the input falls below the regulation value
or drops out of current limit, the timer capacitor is dis-
charged back to 0.5V with a 2µA current sink. If the TMR
voltage crosses 1.275V F LT is set low. If the overvoltage
or overcurrent abates before reaching 1.375V, the timer
capacitor discharges with 2µA back to 0.5V, whereupon
F LT resets high. If several short overvoltage or overcurrent
events occur in rapid succession, the timer capacitor will
integrate the charging and discharging currents.
MOSFET Selection
The LT4363 drives an N-channel MOSFET to conduct the
load current. The important features of the MOSFET are
on-resistance RDS(ON), the maximum drain-source voltage
V(BR)DSS, the threshold voltage, and the SOA.
The maximum allowable drain-source voltage must be
higher than the supply voltage. If the output is shorted
to ground or during an overvoltage event, the full supply
voltage will appear across the MOSFET.
The gate drive for the MOSFET is guaranteed to be more
than 10V and less than 16V for those applications with VCC
higher than 9V. This allows the use of standard threshold
voltage N-channel MOSFETs. For systems with VCC less
than 9V, a logic level MOSFET is required since the gate
drive can be as low as 4.5V.
The SOA of the MOSFET must encompass all fault condi-
tions. In normal operation the pass transistor is fully on,
dissipating very little power
. But during either overvolt-
age or overcurrent faults, the GATE pin is controlled to
regulate either the output voltage or the current through
the MOSFET
. Large current and high voltage drop across
the MOSFET can coexist in these cases. The SOA curves
of the MOSFET must be considered carefully along with
the selection of the fault timer capacitor.
Transient Stress in the MOSFET
During an overvoltage event, the LT4363 drives a series
pass MOSFET to regulate the output voltage at an acceptable
level. The load circuitry may continue operating throughout
this interval, but only at the expense of dissipation in the
MOSFET pass device. MOSFET dissipation or stress is a
function of the input voltage waveform, regulation voltage
and load current. The MOSFET must be sized to survive
this stress.
Most transient event specifications use the prototypi-
cal waveshape shown in Figure 3, comprising a linear
ramp of rise time tr, reaching a peak voltage of VPK and
exponentially decaying back to VIN with a time constant
of τ. A common automotive transient specification has
constants of tr= 10µs, VPK = 80V and τ = 1ms. A surge
condition known as load dump commonly has constants
of tr = 5ms, VPK = 60V and τ = 200ms.
MOSFET stress is the result of power dissipated within
the device. For long duration surges of 100ms or more,
stress is increasingly dominated by heat transfer; this is
a matter of device packaging and mounting, and heat sink
thermal mass. This is best analyzed by simulation, using
the MOSFET thermal model.
For short duration transients of less than 100ms, MOSFET
survival is increasingly a matter of safe operating area
Figure 3. Prototypical Transient Waveform
V
PK
τ
V
IN
4363 F03
t
r
LT4363
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
(SOA), an intrinsic property of the MOSFET. SOA quanti-
fies the time required at any given condition of VDS and
ID to raise the junction temperature of the MOSFET to its
rated maximum. MOSFET SOA is expressed in units of
watt-squared-seconds (P2t). This figure is essentially con-
stant for intervals of less than 100ms for any given device
type, and rises to infinity under DC operating conditions.
Destruction mechanisms other than bulk die temperature
distort the lines of an accurately drawn SOA graph so that
P2t is not the same for all combinations of ID and VDS.
In particular P2t tends to degrade as VDS approaches the
maximum rating, rendering some devices useless for
absorbing energy above a certain voltage.
When a fast input voltage step occurs, the current through
the pass transistor to supply the load and charge up the out-
put capacitor can be high enough to trigger an overcurrent
event. The gate pulls low to 1V above the OUT pin, turning
off the MOSFET momentarily. The internal charge pump
will then start to pull the GATE pin high and turn on the
MOSFET to support the load current and charge up the
OUT pin. The fault timer may not start yet because the
current level is below the overcurrent limit threshold and
the output voltage has not reached the servo voltage. This
extra stress needs to be included in calculating the overall
stress level of the MOSFET.
Calculating Transient Stress
To select a MOSFET suitable for any given application, the
SOA stress must be calculated for each input transient
which shall not interrupt operation. It is then a simple matter
to choose a device which has adequate SOA to survive the
maximum calculated stress. P2t for a prototypical transient
waveform is calculated as follows (Figure 4):
Let
a = VREG – VIN
b = VPK – VIN
(VIN = Nominal Input Voltage)
Then
P2t = ILOAD
2
1
3tr
b– a
(
)
3
b+1
2τ2a2ln b
a+3a2+b2-4ab
Typically VREG ≈ VIN and τ » tr simplifying the above to
P2t =
1
2
ILOAD2VPK – VREG
(
)
2τ[W2s]
For the transient conditions of VPK = 80V, VIN = 12V,
VREG = 16V, tr = 10µs and τ = 1ms, and a load current
of 3A, P2t is 18.4W2s – easily handled by a MOSFET in
a DPAK package. The P2t of other transient waveshapes
is evaluated by integrating the square of MOSFET power
over time. LTSpice can be used to simulate timer behavior
for more complex transients and cases where overvoltage
and overcurrent faults coexist.
Calculating Short-Circuit Stress
SOA stress must also be calculated for short-circuit condi-
tions. Short-circuit P2t is given by:
P2t = ∆VDS VSNS
RSNS
2
tTMR [W2s]
Where ∆VDS is the voltage across the MOSFET, and ∆VSNS
is the SNS pin threshold, and tTMR is the overcurrent timer
interval.
For VIN = 15V, ∆VDS = 13V (VOUT = 2V), ∆VSNS = 50mV,
RSNS = 12mΩ and CTMR = 100nF, P2t is 6.3W2s – less
than the transient SOA calculated in the previous example.
Nevertheless, to account for circuit tolerances this figure
should be doubled to 12.6W2s.
applicaTions inForMaTion
Figure 4. Safe Operating Area Required to Survive Prototypical
Transient Waveform
V
PK
τ
V
IN
4363 F04
VREG
tr
LT4363
15
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
CTMR
0.1µF
R
SNS
10mΩ
Q1
IRLR2908
Q2
IRLR2908
VIN
12V
VOUT
12V, 3A
CLAMPED
AT 16V
4363 F06
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
SHDN
6
UV
8
OV
7
VCC
5
FLT
ENOUT
FB
10
11
1
C1
47nF
D1*
SMAJ58CA
R2
4.99k
R1
57.6k
GATE
4
R7
10k
R5
1M
Q3
2N3904
D2
1N4148
R3
10Ω
R4
10Ω
*DIODES INC.
applicaTions inForMaTion
Figure 6. Overvoltage Regulator with N-channel MOSFET
Reverse Input Protection
Figure 5. External GATE network
Limiting Inrush Current and GATE Pin Compensation
The LT4363 limits the inrush current to any load capacitance
by controlling the GATE pin voltage slew rate. An external
capacitor can be connected from GATE to ground to reduce
the inrush current at the expense of slower turn-off time.
The gate capacitor is set at:
C1=
I
GATE(UP)
I
INRUSH
CL
The LT4363 does not need extra compensation compo-
nents at the GATE pin for stability during an overvoltage or
overcurrent event. With transient input voltage slew rates
faster than 5V/µs, a gate capacitor, C1, to ground is needed
to prevent self enhancement of the N-channel MOSFET.
The extra gate capacitance slows down the turn off time
during fault conditions and may allow excessive current
during an output short event. An extra resistor, R1, in series
with the gate capacitor can improve the turn off time. A
diode, D1, should be placed across R1 with the cathode
connected to C1 as shown in Figure 5.
threshold during a fault. The pass transistor is not allowed
to turn back on even after the cool down period has finished.
This prevents the pass transistor from cycling between ON
and OFF states when the input voltage stays at an elevated
level for a long period of time, reducing the stress on the
N-channel MOSFET. For the latch-off version, LT4363-1,
the overvoltage comparator function is not available.
Reverse Input Protection
A blocking diode is commonly employed to protect the
load when reverse input is possible, such as in automo-
tive applications. This diode causes extra power loss,
generates heat, and reduces the available supply voltage
range. During cold crank, the extra voltage drop across
the diode is particularly undesirable.
The LT4363 is designed to withstand reverse voltage with-
out damage to itself. The VCC, SHDN, UV, and OV pins can
withstand up to 60V of DC voltage below the GND potential.
Back-to-back MOSFETs must be used to block the current
path through Q1’s body diode (Figure 6). Figure 7 shows
the approach with a P-channel MOSFET in place of Q2.
Undervoltage/Overvoltage Comparators
The LT4363 has both undervoltage and overvoltage com-
parators that can be used to sense the input supply volt-
age. When the voltage at the UV pin is below the 1.275V
threshold, the GATE pin is held low to keep the external
MOSFET off. The supply voltage at the VCC pin should be
at least 4V for the UV comparator to function.
The overvoltage comparator prevents the LT4363-2 from
restarting if the voltage at the OV pin is above the 1.275V
C1
R3
4363 F05
LT4363
GATE
Q1
R1
D1
1N4148W
LT4363
16
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
applicaTions inForMaTion
Shutdown
The LT4363 can be shut down to a low current mode when
the voltage at the SHDN pin is pulled below the shutdown
threshold of 0.4V. The quiescent current drops down to
7µA with internal circuitry turned off.
The SHDN pin can be pulled up to 100V or below GND by
up to 60V without damage. Leaving the pin open allows
an internal current source to pull it up and turn on the part
while clamping the pin to 2.2V. The leakage current at the
pin should be limited to no more than 1µA if no pull up
device is used to help turn it on.
Supply Transient Protection
The LT4363 is tested to operate to 80V and guaranteed to
be safe from damage up to 100V. Nevertheless, voltage
transients above 100V may cause permanent damage.
During a short-circuit condition, the large change in cur-
rent flowing through power supply traces and associated
wiring can cause inductive voltage transients which could
exceed 100V. To minimize the voltage transients, the power
trace parasitic inductance should be minimized by using
wide traces. A small RC filter, in Figure 8, at the VCC pin
will clamp the voltage spikes.
Another way to limit transients above 100V at the VCC
pin is to use a Zener diode and a resistor, D1 and R7 in
Figure 8. The Zener diode limits the voltage at the pin while
the resistor limits the current through the diode to a safe
level during the surge. However, D1 can be omitted if the
filtered voltage, due to R7 and C1, at the VCC pin is below
100V. The inclusion of R7 in series with the VCC pin will
increase the minimum required voltage at VIN due to the
extra voltage drop across it. This voltage drop is due to the
supply current of the LT4363 and the leakage current of D1.
A total bulk capacitance of at least 22µF low ESR electro-
lytic is required close to the source pin of MOSFET Q1. In
addition, the bulk capacitance should be at least 10 times
larger than the total ceramic bypassing capacitor on the
input of the DC/DC converter.
Layout Considerations
To achieve accurate current sensing, Kelvin connection
to the current sense resistor (RSNS in Figure 8) is recom-
mended. The minimum trace width for 1 oz copper foil is
0.02" per amp to ensure the trace stays at a reasonable
temperature. 0.03" per amp or wider is recommended.
Note that 1oz copper exhibits a sheet resistance of about
530µΩ/square. Small resistances can cause large errors in
high current applications. Noise immunity will be improved
Figure 8. Overvoltage Regulator with Input Voltage Detection
CTMR
47nF
R
SNS
10mΩ
Q1
FDB33N25
VIN V
OUT
4363 F08
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
FB 1
C2
0.1µF
D1*
SMAJ58A
R2
4.99k
R1
100k
R7
1k
GATE
4
VCC
5
R3
10Ω
*DIODES INC.
**SANYO 25CE22GA
SHDN
6
UV
8
OV
7
DC/DC
CONVERTER
GND
SHDN
VCC
FLT
ENOUT
10
11
CL**
22µF
FAULT
R5
90.9k
R6
10k
R4
374k
C1
47nF
CTMR
0.1µF
R
SNS
10mΩ
Q1
IRLR2908
Q2
SI7461DP
VIN
12V
VOUT
12V, 3A
CLAMPED
AT 16V
4363 F07
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
VCC
5FB 1
D1*
SMAJ58CA
R2
4.99k
R1
57.6k
GATE
4
R7
10k
D2
1N5245
15V R3
10Ω
*DIODES INC.
SHDN
6
UV
8
OV
7FLT
ENOUT
10
11
C1
47nF
Figure 7. Overvoltage Regulator with P-channel MOSFET
Reverse Input Protection
LT4363
17
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
applicaTions inForMaTion
significantly by locating resistive dividers close to the pins
with short VCC and GND traces.
Design Example
As a design example, take an application with the follow-
ing specifications: VCC = 8V to 14V DC with a transient of
150V and decay time constant (τ) of 400ms, VOUT ≤ 27V,
current limit (ILIM) at 5A, low battery detection of 6V, input
overvoltage level at 60V, and 1ms of overvoltage early
warning (Figure 8).
Selection of SMAJ58A for D1 will limit the voltage at the
VCC pin to less than 71V during 150V surge. The minimum
required voltage at the VCC pin is 4V when VIN is at 8V;
the supply current for LT4363 is 1.5mA. The maximum
value for R7 to ensure proper operation is:
R7 =
8V 4V
1.5mA
= 2.67kΩ
Select 1kΩ for R7 to accommodate all conditions.
The maximum current through R7 into D1 is then calcu-
lated as:
ID1 =
150V 64V
1k
= 86mA
which is easily handled by the SMAJ58A for more than
500ms.
With 0.1µF of bypass capacitance, C2, along with 1k of
R7, high voltage transients up to 200V with a pulse width
less than 10µs are filtered out at the VCC pin.
Next, calculate the resistive divider value to limit VOUT to
27V during an overvoltage event:
VREG =
1.275V R1+R2
(
)
R2
= 27V
Set the current through R1 and R2 during the overvoltage
condition to 250µA.
R2=
1.275V
250µA = 5kΩ
Choose 4.99kΩ for R2.
R1=
27V –1.275V
(
)
R2
1.275V
=100.7kΩ
The nearest standard value for R1 is 100kΩ.
Next calculate the sense resistor, RSNS, value:
RSNS =
50mV
I
LIM
=
50mV
5A =10mΩ
CTMR is then chosen for 1ms of early warning time:
CTMR =
1ms6µA
100mV
= 60nF
The nearest standard value for CTMR is 47nF.
Finally, calculate R4, R5, and R6 for 6V low battery detec-
tion and 60V input overvoltage level:
6V
R5+R6
R4+R5+R6
=1.275V
60V
R6
R4+R5+R6
=1.275V
Choose 10kΩ for R6.
R4+R5=
60V 10k
1.275V
10kΩ = 460.6kΩ
R5=1.275V
460.6k+10k
6V
– 10k = 90kΩ
R4 = 460.6kΩ – 90kΩ = 370.6kΩ
Select 90.9kΩ for R5 and 374kΩ for R4.
The pass transistor, Q1, should be chosen to withstand a
short-circuit with VCC = 14V. In the case of a severe output
short where VOUT = 0V, the total overcurrent fault time is:
tOC =
47nF 0.875V
45.5µA = 0.904ms
LT4363
18
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Typical applicaTions
Overvoltage Regulator with Output Keep Alive During Shutdown
applicaTions inForMaTion
The power dissipation in Q1 is:
P =
14V 25mV
10m
= 35W
During an output overload or soft short, the voltage at the
OUT pin could stay at 2V or higher. The total overcurrent
fault time when VOUT = 2V is:
tOC =
47nF 0.875V
40µA =1.028ms
The power dissipation in Q1 is:
P =
14V – 2V
(
)
50mV
10m
= 60W
These conditions are well within the Safe Operating Area
of the FDB33N25.
CTMR
0.1µF
RSNS
10mΩ
Q1
IRLR2908
VIN VOUT
12V, 4A
REGULATED
AT 16V
4363 TA02
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
FB 1
D1*
SMAJ58A
R2
24.9k
R1
287k
R7
1k
GATE
4
VCC
5
R3
10Ω
R9
1k, 1W
*DIODES INC.
**SANYO 25CE22GA
SHDN
6
UV
8
OV
7FLT
ENOUT
10
11
CL**
22µF
R5
30.1k
R6
10k
R4
147k
C2
0.1µF
D2
1N4746A
18V
1W
UV = 6V
OV = 24V
C1
47nF
LT4363
19
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Typical applicaTions
2.5A, 48V Hot Swap with Overvoltage Output Regulation at 72V
2.5A, 28V Hot Swap with Overvoltage Output Regulation at 36V
CTMR
0.1µF
RSNS
15mΩ
Q1
FDB3632
VIN VOUT
48V, 2.5A
4363 TA03
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
FB 1
D1*
SMAT70A R2
4.02k
R1
221k
R7
1k
GATE
4
R3
10Ω
SHDN
6
UV
*DIODES INC.
UV = 35V
OV = 80V
8
VCC
5
OV
7FLT
ENOUT
10
11
CL
300µF
R5
13k
R6
10k
R4
604k
C1
47nF
C2
0.1µF
CTMR
0.1µF
RSNS
15mΩ
Q1
IRLR2908
VIN
28V
VOUT
28V, 2.5A
4363 TA04
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
FB 1
D1*
SMAJ58A R2
4.02k
R1
110k
R7
1k
GATE
4
R3
10Ω
SHDN
6
UV
*DIODES INC.
UV = 18V
OV = 36V
8
VCC
5
OV
7FLT
ENOUT
10
11
CL
300µF
R5
10k
R6
10k
R4
261k
C1
47nF
C2
0.1µF
LT4363
20
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Typical applicaTions
Overvoltage Regulator with Reverse Input Protection Up to –80V
Overvoltage Regulator with 250V Surge Protection
CTMR
0.1µF
R
SNS
10mΩ
Q1
IRLR2908
VIN
12V
VOUT
12V, 3A
CLAMPED
AT 16V
4363 TA05
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
9 12
OUT
2
SNS
3
FB 1
R2
4.99k
R1
57.6k
GATE
4
VCC
5
R3
10Ω
*DIODES INC.
**SANYO 25CE22GA
***OPTIONAL COMPONENT
FOR REDUCED STANDBY CURRENT
SHDN
6
UV
8
OV
7FLT
ENOUT
10
11
CL**
22µF
Q2
IRLR2908
D1*
SMAJ58CA
R7
10k
R5
1M
Q3
2N3904
D2
1N4148
D3**
1N4148
R4
10Ω
C1
47nF
CTMR
0.1µF
R3
10Ω
RSNS
10mΩ
Q1
FDB33N25
Q2
MPS-A42
VIN
12V
4363 TA07
LT4363DE-2
GND TMR
OUTGATE SNS
UV
SHDN
OV FAULT
OUTPUT
CLAMP
AT 16V
ENOUT
FLT
FB
D1*
SMAJ58A
*DIODES INC.
CL
22µF
C2
0.1µF VCC
DC/DC
CONVERTER
GND
SHDN
VCC
R2
4.99k
R4
127k
R5
49.9k
R1
57.6k
C1
47nF
R6
49.9k
9 12
23
1
45
6
8
7 10
11
LT4363
21
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For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
package DescripTion
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/designtools/packaging/ for the most recent package drawings.
DE/UE Package
12-Lead Plastic DFN (4mm × 3mm)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1695 Rev D)
4.00 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
3.00 ±0.10
(2 SIDES)
NOTE:
1. DRAWING PROPOSED TO BE A VARIATION OF VERSION
(WGED) IN JEDEC PACKAGE OUTLINE M0-229
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS
4. DIMENSIONS OF EXPOSED PAD ON BOTTOM OF PACKAGE DO NOT INCLUDE
MOLD FLASH. MOLD FLASH, IF PRESENT, SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.15mm ON ANY SIDE
5. EXPOSED PAD SHALL BE SOLDER PLATED
6. SHADED AREA IS ONLY A REFERENCE FOR PIN 1 LOCATION
ON THE TOP AND BOTTOM OF PACKAGE
0.40 ± 0.10
BOTTOM VIEW—EXPOSED PAD
1.70 ± 0.10
0.75 ±0.05
R = 0.115
TYP
R = 0.05
TYP
2.50 REF
16
127
PIN 1 NOTCH
R = 0.20 OR
0.35 × 45°
CHAMFER
PIN 1
TOP MARK
(NOTE 6)
0.200 REF
0.00 – 0.05
(UE12/DE12) DFN 0806 REV D
2.50 REF
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD PITCH AND DIMENSIONS
APPLY SOLDER MASK TO AREAS THAT ARE NOT SOLDERED
2.20 ±0.05
0.70 ±0.05
3.60
±0.05
PACKAGE OUTLINE
3.30 ±0.10
0.25 ± 0.05
0.50 BSC
1.70 ± 0.05
3.30 ±0.05
0.50 BSC
0.25 ± 0.05
LT4363
22
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
package DescripTion
Please refer to http://www.linear.com/designtools/packaging/ for the most recent package drawings.
MS Package
12-Lead Plastic MSOP
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1668 Rev A)
MSOP (MS12) 0213 REV A
0.53 ±0.152
(.021 ±.006)
SEATING
PLANE
0.18
(.007)
1.10
(.043)
MAX
0.22 –0.38
(.009 – .015)
TYP
0.86
(.034)
REF
0.650
(.0256)
BSC
12 11 10 9 8 7
NOTE:
1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETER/(INCH)
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS.
MOLD FLASH, PROTRUSIONS OR GATE BURRS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
4. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS.
INTERLEAD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.152mm (.006") PER SIDE
5. LEAD COPLANARITY (BOTTOM OF LEADS AFTER FORMING) SHALL BE 0.102mm (.004") MAX
0.254
(.010) 0° – 6° TYP
DETAIL “A”
DETAIL “A”
GAUGE PLANE
5.10
(.201)
MIN
3.20 – 3.45
(.126 – .136)
0.889 ±0.127
(.035 ±.005)
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD LAYOUT
0.42 ±0.038
(.0165 ±.0015)
TYP
0.65
(.0256)
BSC
4.039 ±0.102
(.159 ±.004)
(NOTE 3)
0.1016 ±0.0508
(.004 ±.002)
1 2 3 4 5 6
3.00 ±0.102
(.118 ±.004)
(NOTE 4)
0.406 ±0.076
(.016 ±.003)
REF
4.90 ±0.152
(.193 ±.006)
.016 – .050
(0.406 – 1.270)
.010 – .020
(0.254 – 0.508)× 45°
0° – 8° TYP
.008 – .010
(0.203 – 0.254)
1
N
2345678
N/2
.150 – .157
(3.810 – 3.988)
NOTE 3
16 15 14 13
.386 – .394
(9.804 – 10.008)
NOTE 3
.228 – .244
(5.791 – 6.197)
12 11 10 9
S16 REV G 0212
.053 – .069
(1.346 – 1.752)
.014 – .019
(0.355 – 0.483)
TYP
.004 – .010
(0.101 – 0.254)
.050
(1.270)
BSC
.245
MIN
N
1 2 3 N/2
.160 ±.005
RECOMMENDED SOLDER PAD LAYOUT
.045 ±.005
.050 BSC
.030 ±.005
TYP
INCHES
(MILLIMETERS)
NOTE:
1. DIMENSIONS IN
2. DRAWING NOT TO SCALE
3. THESE DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS.
MOLD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS SHALL NOT EXCEED .006" (0.15mm)
4. PIN 1 CAN BE BEVEL EDGE OR A DIMPLE
S Package
16-Lead Plastic Small Outline (Narrow .150 Inch)
(Reference LTC DWG # 05-08-1610 Rev G)
LT4363
23
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no representa-
tion that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
revision hisTory
REV DATE DESCRIPTION PAGE NUMBER
A 3/12 Add 57.6k resistor to Typical Application 24
B 6/13 Added H and MP temperature grades to Order Information
Operating Voltage Range for all temperature grades is 4V to 80V
Reverse Input Current maximum changed to –4mA from –3mA
IGATE(UP): At 12V, changed from [–10, –20, –35]µA to [–15, –30, –45]µA. At 48V, changed from [–10, –25, –40]µA
to [–20, –40, –65]µA
Current Limit Sense Voltage: At 12V
, improved from 43mV — 58mV to 45mV — 55mV. At 48V, improved from
45mV — 59mV to 48mV — 58mV
ISNS maximum changed from 30µA to 40µA
VTMR(H) range changed from 3.7V — 5V to 3.5V — 5.4V
OUT Reset Threshold minimum changed from 1.9V to 1.8V
Updated curves in graphs G05, G06 and G09
Corrected Y-axis numbers in Warning Period TMR Current, graph G15
Replaced Current Limit at Supply Voltage graph with Current Limit Foldback
GATE Pin Description: Added information on 14V protection clamp
TMR Pin Description: Added 10nF minimum capacitor requirement
Changed GATE to SNS clamp in Block Diagram to 14V from 13V
Added 0.1µF C2 to Typical Application circuits
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
6
7
8
8
9
18, 19
LT4363
24
4363fb
For more information www.linear.com/LT4363
Linear Technology Corporation
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2011
LT 0613 REV B • PRINTED IN USA
(408) 432-1900 FAX: (408) 434-0507 www.linear.com/LT4363
relaTeD parTs
Typical applicaTion
Overvoltage Regulator with Ideal Diode Reverse Voltage Protection
PART NUMBER DESCRIPTION COMMENTS
LTC1696 Overvoltage Protection Controller ThinSOT™ Package, 2.7V to 27V
LTC2909 Triple/Dual Inputs UV/OV Negative Monitor Pin Selectable Input Polarity Allows Negative and OV Monitoring
LTC2912/LTC2913 Single/Dual UV/OV Voltage Monitor Ads UV and OV Trip Values, ±1.5% Threshold Accuracy
LTC2914 Quad UV/OV Monitor For Positive and Negative Supplies
LTC3827/LTC3827-1 Low IQ, Dual, Synchronous Controller 4V ≤ VIN ≤ 36V, 0.8V ≤ VOUT ≤ 10V, 80µA Quiescent Current
LTC3835/LTC3835-1 Low IQ, Synchronous Step-Down Controller Single Channel LTC3827/LTC3827-1
LT3845 Low IQ, Synchronous Step-Down Controller 4V ≤ VIN ≤ 60V, 1.23V ≤ VOUT ≤ 36V, 120µA Quiescent Current
LT3850 Dual, 550kHz, 2-Phase Synchronous Step-Down
Controller
Dual 180° Phased Controllers, VIN 4V to 24V, 97% Duty Cycle, 4mm × 4mm
QFN-28, SSOP-28 Packages
LTC3890 Low IQ, Dual 2-Phase, Synchronous Step-Down
Controller
4V ≤ VIN ≤ 60V, 0.8V ≤ VOUT ≤ 24V, 50µA Quiescent Current
LT4256-1 Positive 48V Hot Swap Controller with
Open-Circuit Detect
Foldback Current Limiting, Open-Circuit and Overcurrent Fault Output, Up to 80V
Supply
LTC4260 Positive High Voltage Hot Swap Controller with
8-Bit ADC and I2C
Wide Operating Range 8.5V to 80V
LTC4352 Ideal MOSFET ORing Diode External N-Channel MOSFETs Replace ORing Diodes, 0V to 18V
LTC4354 Negative Voltage Diode-OR Controller Controls Two N-Channel MOSFETs, 1µs Turn-Off, 80V Operation
LTC4355 Positive Voltage Diode-OR Controller Controls Two N-Channel MOSFETs, 0.3µs Turn-Off, 80V Operation
LT4356-1 High Voltage Surge Stopper 100V Overvoltage and Overcurrent Protection, Latch-Off and Auto-Retry Options
LTC4364 Surge Stopper with Ideal Diode 4V to 80V Operation; –40V Reverse Input, –20V Reverse Output Protection
LTC4365 Window Passer - OV, UV and Reverse Supply
Protection Controller
2.5V to 34V Operation, Protects 60V to –40V
0.1µF
10mΩ
IRLR2908
OUTPUT
CLAMP
AT 16V
4363 TA06
LT4363
GND TMR
OUTSNS
FB
47nF
4.99k
57.6k
GATEVCC
10Ω
–60V TO 75V DC PROTECTION
100V TRANSIENT MAXIMUM
UV = 4.5V
SHDN
UV
DC/DC
CONVERTER
GND
SHDN
VCC
FLT FAULT
ENOUT
22µF
49.9k
127k
LTC4357
GND
IN OUT
VDD
GATE
M1
FDB3632
VIN
12V
D1
MMBD1205
DCLAMP
SMAT70A

Products

IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16-SOIC
入手可能な数量418
単価783
BOARD DEMO LT4363-2
入手可能な数量33
単価8854
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-MSOP
入手可能な数量101
単価783
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16-SOIC
入手可能な数量200
単価807
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16-SO
入手可能な数量349
単価888
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16-SOIC
入手可能な数量3409
単価822
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-MSOP
入手可能な数量2373
単価799
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16SOIC
入手可能な数量30
単価1858
BOARD DEMO LT4363IDE-2
入手可能な数量5
単価8854
BOARD DEMO LT4363-1
入手可能な数量2
単価8854
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16-SOIC
入手可能な数量27
単価783
BOARD DEMO LT4363IDE-1
入手可能な数量2
単価8854
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-DFN
入手可能な数量0
単価822
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-MSOP
入手可能な数量0
単価822
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-MSOP
入手可能な数量0
単価905
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-DFN
入手可能な数量0
単価905
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-MSOP
入手可能な数量0
単価888
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 16SOIC
入手可能な数量0
単価1858
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12MSOP
入手可能な数量0
単価1858
IC SURGE STOPPER HV 12-DFN
入手可能な数量0
単価783