MAX3080E-89E Datasheet by Maxim Integrated

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lVI/JXI/VI [VI/JXIIVI
Selector Guide
*
Pin compatible with 75180, with additional features implemented using pins 1, 6, 8, and 13.
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
________________________________________________________________
Maxim Integrated Products
1
19-1800; Rev 1; 5/06
Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet.
Ordering Information
General Description
The MAX3080E–MAX3089E are ±15kV electrostatic dis-
charge (ESD)-protected, high-speed transceivers for RS-
485/RS-422 communication that contain one driver and
one receiver. These devices feature fail-safe circuitry,
which guarantees a logic-high receiver output when the
receiver inputs are open or shorted. This means that the
receiver output will be a logic high if all transmitters on a
terminated bus are disabled (high impedance). The
MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3082E feature reduced
slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflec-
tions caused by improperly terminated cables, allowing
error-free data transmission up to 115kbps. The
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E offer higher driver
output slew-rate limits, allowing transmit speeds up to
500kbps. The MAX3086E/MAX3087E/ MAX3088Es’ dri-
ver slew rates are not limited, making transmit speeds
up to 10Mbps possible. The MAX3089E’s slew rate is
selectable between 115kbps, 500kbps, and 10Mbps by
driving a selector pin with a single three-state driver. All
devices feature enhanced ESD protection. All transmitter
outputs and receiver inputs are protected to ±15kV
using the Human Body Model.
These transceivers typically draw 375µA of supply
current when unloaded, or when fully loaded with the dri-
vers disabled.
All devices have a 1/8-unit-load receiver input impedance
that allows up to 256 transceivers on the bus. The
MAX3082E/MAX3085E/MAX3088E are intended for half-
duplex communications, while the MAX3080E/MAX3081E/
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3086E/MAX3087E are
intended for full-duplex communications. The MAX3089E
is selectable between half-duplex and full-duplex opera-
tion. It also features independently programmable
receiver and transmitter output phase via separate pins.
Features
ESD Protection for RS-485 I/O Pins
±15kV, Human Body Model
True Fail-Safe Receiver While Maintaining
EIA/TIA-485 Compatibility
Enhanced Slew-Rate Limiting Facilitates
Error-Free Data Transmission
(MAX3080E–MAX3085E/MAX3089E)
1nA Low-Current Shutdown Mode (Except
MAX3081E/MAX3084E/MAX3087E)
Pin-Selectable Full/Half-Duplex Operation
(MAX3089E)
Phase Controls to Correct for Twisted-Pair
Reversal (MAX3089E)
Allow Up to 256 Transceivers on the Bus
Applications
RS-422/RS-485 Communications
Level Translators
Transceivers for EMI-Sensitive Applications
Industrial-Control Local Area Networks
PART TEMP. RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
MAX3080ECSD 0°C to +70°C 14 SO
MAX3080ECPD 0°C to +70°C 14 Plastic DIP
MAX3080EESD -40°C to +85°C 14 SO
MAX3080EEPD -40°C to +85°C 14 Plastic DIP
Part Half/Full
Duplex
Data
Rate
(Mbps)
Slew-
Rate
Limited
Low-
Power
Shutdown
Receiver/
Driver
Enable
Quiescent
Current
A)
Transceivers
On
Bus
Pin
Count
Industry-
Standard
Pinout
7518014256375YesYesYes0.115
75179
75176
75180
75179
75176
75180
75179
75176
75180*14
8
8
14
8
8
14
8
8256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256
256375
375
375
375
375
375
375
375
375No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
YesYes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
NoYes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
SelectableSelectable
10
10
10
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.115
0.115
Selectable
Half
Full
Full
Half
Full
Full
Half
Full
Full
MAX3080E
MAX3081E
MAX3082E
MAX3083E
MAX3084E
MAX3085E
MAX3086E
MAX3087E
MAX3088E
MAX3089E
For free samples and the latest literature, visit www.maxim-ic.com or phone 1-800-998-8800.
For small orders, phone 1-800-835-8769.
[VI/J XIIVI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = +5V ±5%, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA= +25°C.) (Note 1)
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Supply Voltage (VCC) ............................................................+7V
Control Input Voltage (RE, DE)...................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Special Input Voltage
(H/F, SRL, TXP, RXP)..............................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Driver Input Voltage (DI).............................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Driver Output Voltage (A, B, Y, Z)........................................±13V
Receiver Input Voltage (A, B) ..............................................±13V
Receiver Input Voltage, Full Duplex (A, B) ..........................±25V
Receiver Output Voltage (RO)....................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
Continuous Power Dissipation
8-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.09mW/°C above +70°C) ...727mW
8-Pin SO (derate 5.88mW/°C above +70°C)................471mW
14-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.0mW/°C above +70°C) ....800mW
14-Pin SO (derate 8.33mW/°C above +70°C)..............667mW
Operating Temperature Ranges
MAX308_EC_ _ ...................................................0°C to +70°C
MAX308_EE_ _ ................................................-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
Figure 5, R = 50Ω(RS-422)
DE = GND,
VCC = GND or 5.25V
DE = GND,
VCC = GND or 5.25V
H/F, TXP, RXP, internal pulldown
DE, DI, RE
SRL = VCC
SRL
MAX3080E–MAX3085E, and MAX3089E with
SRL = VCC or unconnected
DE, DI, RE, H/F, TXP, RXP
Figure 5, R = 50Ωor R = 27Ω
Figure 5, R = 50Ωor R = 27Ω
Figure 5, R = 50Ωor R = 27Ω
SRL (Note 3)
DE, DI, RE, H/F, TXP, RXP
SRL
CONDITIONS
µA
125
IO
Output Leakage (Y and Z)
Full Duplex
µA
125
IIN4
Input Current (A and B)
µA
75
IIN3
SRL Input Current
V0.8VIL2
Input Low Voltage
V0.4VCC 0.6VCC
VIM2
Input Middle Voltage
VVCC - 0.8VIH2
Input High Voltage
V
2.0
VOD2
Differential Driver Output
10 40IIN2
µA
±2IIN1
SRL Input Current
mV100VHYS
DI Input Hysteresis
V0.8VIL1
Input Low Voltage
V0.2ΔVOD
Change-in-Magnitude of
Differential Output Voltage
(Note 2)
V3VOC
Driver Common-Mode Output
Voltage
V0.2ΔVOC
Change-in-Magnitude of
Common-Mode Voltage (Note 2)
V2.0VIH1
Input High Voltage
UNITSMIN TYP MAXSYMBOLPARAMETER
Figure 5, R = 27Ω(RS-485) 1.5
SRL = GND (Note 3) -75
VIN = 12V
VIN = 12V
VIN = -7V -100
-75VIN = -7V
Figure 5 V5VOD1
Differential Driver Output
(No Load)
mAVOD1
Driver Short-Circuit Output
Current (Note 4)
DRIVER
-7V VOUT VCC -250
0V VOUT 12V
0V VOUT VCC ±25
250
[VI/JXI [VI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 3
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VCC = +5V ±5%, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA= +25°C.) (Note 1)
Note 1: All currents into the device are positive; all currents out of the device are negative. All voltages are referred to device
ground unless otherwise noted.
Note 2: ΔVOD and ΔVOC are the changes in VOD and VOC, respectively, when the DI input changes state.
Note 3: The SRL pin is internally biased to VCC / 2 by a 100kΩ/100kΩresistor-divider. It is guaranteed to be VCC / 2 if left
unconnected.
Note 4: Maximum current level applies to peak current just prior to foldback-current limiting; minimum current level applies during
current limiting.
375 600
430 900
DE = GND
DE = GND
475 1000
µA
420 800
DE = VCC
DE = VCC
No load,
RE = DI = GND
or VCC, SRL = GND
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Receiver Output Low Voltage VOL 0.4 V
Receiver Output High Voltage VOH VCC -1.5 V
Receiver Input Hysteresis ΔVTH 25 mV
Receiver Differential Threshold
Voltage VTH -200 -125 -50 mV
Three-State Output Current at
Receiver IOZR ±1 µA
Receiver Input Resistance RIN 96 kΩ
Receiver Output Short-Circuit
Current IOSR ±7 ±95 mA
Supply Current ICC
µA
Supply Current in Shutdown
Mode ISHDN 0.001 10 µA
CONDITIONS
No load,
RE = DI = GND
or VCC, SRL = VCC
IO= 4mA, VID = -200mV
DE = GND, VRE = VCC
IO= -4mA, VID = -50mV
-7V VCM 12V
0.4V VO2.4V
-7V VCM 12V
0V VRO VCC
ESD Protection for Y, Z, A, B ±15 kVHuman Body Model
RECEIVER
SUPPLY CURRENT
[VI/JXIIVI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
4 _______________________________________________________________________________________
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3082E, and MAX3089E
with SRL = Unconnected
(VCC = +5V ±5%, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA= +25°C.)
500 2030 2600
tDPHL
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS
Driver Disable Time from Low tDLZ 100 ns
Driver Enable to Output Low tDZL 3500 ns
Driver Enable to Output High tDZH 3500 ns
Maximum Data Rate fMAX 115 kbps
Driver Disable Time from High tDHZ 100 ns
Receiver Input to Output tRPLH,
tRPHL 127 200 ns
|tRPLH - tRPHL |Differential
Receiver Skew tRSKD 30ns
Receiver Enable to Output Low tRZL 20 50 ns
Driver Output Skew
|tDPLH - tDPHL |
Driver Input-to-Output tDPLH 500 2030 2600 ns
tDSKEW -3 ±200 ns
Driver Rise or Fall Time tDR, tDF 667 1320 2500 ns
Receiver Enable to Output High tRZH 20 50 ns
Receiver Disable Time from Low tRLZ 20 50 ns
Receiver Disable Time from
High tRHZ 20 50 ns
Time to Shutdown tSHDN 50 200 600 ns
Driver Enable from Shutdown to
Output High tDZH(SHDN) 6000 ns
Driver Enable from Shutdown to
Output Low tDZL(SHDN) 6000 ns
Receiver Enable from Shutdown-
to-Output High tRZH(SHDN) 3500 ns
Receiver Enable from Shutdown-
to-Output Low tRZL(SHDN) 3500 ns
CONDITIONS
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S1 closed
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 100pF, S1 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S2 closed
Figures 11 and 13; |VID |2.0V;
rise and fall time of VID 15ns
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
(Note 5)
Figures 11 and 13; |VID |2.0V;
rise and fall time of VID 15ns
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S2 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S1 closed
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed
Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
[VI/JXI [VI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 5
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E, and MAX3089E with
SRL = VCC
(VCC = +5V ±5%, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA= +25°C.)
Receiver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output Low tRZL(SHDN) Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed 3500 ns
ns3500Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closedtRZH(SHDN)
Receiver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output High
Driver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output Low tDZL(SHDN) Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S1 closed 4500 ns
ns4500Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S2 closedtDZH(SHDN)
Driver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output High
Time to Shutdown tSHDN (Note 5) 50 200 600 ns
ns20 50Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closedtRHZ
Receiver Disable Time from
High
Receiver Disable Time from Low tRLZ Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
ns20 50Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closedtRZH
Receiver Enable to Output High
Receiver Enable to Output Low tRZL Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
ns30
Figures 11 and 13; |VID |2.0V;
rise and fall time of VID 15ns
tRSKD
|tRPLH - tRPHL |Differential
Receiver Skew
Receiver Input to Output tRPLH,
tRPHL
Figures 11 and 13; |VID |2.0V;
rise and fall time of VID 15ns 127 200 ns
ns100Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S2 closedtDHZ
Driver Disable Time from High
Driver Disable Time from Low tDLZ Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S1 closed 100 ns
ns2500Figures 8 and 10, CL= 100pF, S1 closedtDZL
Driver Enable to Output Low
Driver Enable to Output High tDZH Figures 8 and 10, CL= 100pF, S2 closed 2500 ns
kbps500fMAX
Maximum Data Rate
Driver Rise or Fall Time tDR, tDF Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 200 530 750 ns
ns-3 ±100
Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
tDSKEW
Driver Output Skew
|tDPLH - tDPHL |
Driver Input-to-Output tDPHL
tDPLH Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 250 720 1000
250 720 1000 ns
UNITSMIN TYP MAXCONDITIONSSYMBOLPARAMETER
[VI/JXIIVI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
6 _______________________________________________________________________________________
SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS—MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E, and MAX3089E with
SRL = GND
(VCC = +5V ±5%, TA= TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VCC = +5V and TA= +25°C.)
Note 5: The device is put into shutdown by bringing RE high and DE low. If the enable inputs are in this state for less than 50ns, the
device is guaranteed not to enter shutdown. If the enable inputs are in this state for at least 600ns, the device is guaranteed
to have entered shutdown.
UNITSMIN TYP MAXCONDITIONSSYMBOLPARAMETER
Driver Input-to-Output tDPLH
tDPHL
Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
34 60
34 60 ns
ns-2.5 ±10
Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF
tDSKEW
Driver Output Skew
|tDPLH - tDPHL |
Driver Rise or Fall Time tDR, tDF Figures 7 and 9, RDIFF = 54Ω,
CL1 = CL2 = 100pF 14 25 ns
Maximum Data Rate fMAX 10 Mbps
Driver Enable to Output High tDZH Figures 8 and 10, CL= 100pF, S2 closed 150 ns
ns150Figures 8 and 10, CL= 100pF, S1 closedtDZL
Driver Enable to Output Low
Driver Disable Time from Low tDLZ Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S1 closed 100 ns
ns100Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S2 closedtDHZ
Driver Disable Time from High
Receiver Input-to-Output tRPLH,
tRPHL
Figures 11 and 13; |VID |2.0V;
rise and fall time of VID 15ns 106 150 ns
ns10
Figures 11 and 13; |VID |2.0V;
rise and fall time of VID 15ns
tRSKD
|tRPLH - tRPHL |Differential
Receiver Skew
tRZL Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed 20 50 ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns3500
3500
250
250
50 200 600
20 50
20 50
20 50Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closed
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
(Note 5)
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S2 closed
Figures 8 and 10, CL= 15pF, S1 closed
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S2 closed
Figures 6 and 12, CL= 100pF, S1 closedtRZL(SHDN)
tRZH(SHDN)
tDZL(SHDN)
tDZH(SHDN)
tSHDN
tRHZ
tRLZ
tRZH
Receiver Enable to Output Low
Receiver Enable to Output High
Receiver Disable Time from Low
Receiver Disable Time from
High
Time to Shutdown
Driver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output High
Driver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output Low
Receiver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output High
Receiver Enable from
Shutdown-to-Output Low
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MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
300
-60 100
NO-LOAD SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
350
325
525
MAX3080/3089 TOC-16
TEMPERATURE (°C)
NO-LOAD SUPPLY CURRENT (μA)
40
450
425
375
400
060
500
475
-40 -20 20 80
A: MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E,
MAX3089E WITH
SRL = GND
B: MAX3080E–MAX3085E,
MAX3089E WITH
SRL = OPEN OR VCC
A
A
B
DE = VCC
DE = GND
B
0
10
05
OUTPUT CURRENT
vs. RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE
20
60
MAX3080/3089 TOC-2
OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
3
40
30
2
50
14
0
5
05
OUTPUT CURRENT
vs. RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE
10
30
MAX3080/3089 TOC-3
OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
3
20
15
2
25
14
0
2
-60 100
SHUTDOWN CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
4
6
20
MAX3080/3089 TOC-1
TEMPERATURE (°C)
SHUTDOWN CURRENT (nA)
40
12
14
10
8
060
16
18
-40 -20 20 80
0.10
0.15
-60 80 100
RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
0.20
0.50
MAX3080/3089 TOC-5
TEMPERATURE (°C)
OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V)
20
0.40
0.35
0.30
0.25
040
0.45
-40 -20 60
IRO = 8mA
3.8
3.9
-60 80 100
RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
4.0
4.5
MAX3080/3089 TOC-4
TEMPERATURE (°C)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
20
4.3
4.2
4.1
040
4.4
-40 -20 60
IRO = 8mA
115
-60 100
RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
(500kbps MODE) vs. TEMPERATURE
120
140
MAX3080/3089 TOC-7
TEMPERATURE (°C)
PROPAGATION DELAY (ns)
40
130
125
060
135
-40 -20 20 80
CLOAD = 100pF
94
-60 100
RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
(10Mbps MODE) vs. TEMPERATURE
98
96
112
MAX3080/3089 TOC-8
TEMPERATURE (°C)
PROPAGATION DELAY (ns)
40
106
104
100
102
060
110
108
-40 -20 20 80
CLOAD = 100pF
1.90
-60 100
DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
(115kbps MODE) vs. TEMPERATURE
1.95
2.20
MAX3080/3089 TOC-9
TEMPERATURE (°C)
PROPAGATION DELAY (μs)
40
2.10
2.00
2.05
060
2.15
-40 -20 20 80
Rt = 54Ω
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VCC = +5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX 520 an 10 Zn 0 an ' m an mu m 20 n 23 an 60 an m TEMPERATUR TEM‘ERA'UREPEI [VI/JXI [VI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
8 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = +5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
520
560
-60 100
DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
(500kbps MODE) vs. TEMPERATURE
600
640
920
MAX3080/3089 TOC-10
TEMPERATURE (°C)
PROPAGATION DELAY (ns)
40
760
800
720
680
060
840
880
-40 -20 20 80
Rt = 54Ω
20
25
-60 100
DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
(10Mbps MODE) vs. TEMPERATURE
30
60
MAX3080/3089 TOC-11
TEMPERATURE (°C)
PROPAGATION DELAY (ns)
40
45
50
40
35
060
55
-40 -20 20 80
Rt = 54Ω
1.83
1.84
-60 100
DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE
vs. TEMPERATURE
1.85
1.90
MAX3080/3089 TOC-13
TEMPERATURE (°C)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
40
1.88
1.87
1.86
060
1.89
-40 -20 20 80
Rt = 54Ω
0
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-8 -2
OUTPUT CURRENT vs.
DRIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE
MAX3080/3089 TOC-27
OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
642-6 -4 0
100
0.01
01
DRIVER OUTPUT CURRENT
vs. DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE
0.1
10
1
MAX3080 TOC-12
DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
234 5
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
OUTPUT CURRENT vs.
DRIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE
MAX3080-25
OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
024681012
DI vwvz [VI/IX sumw 50mm “RIVER PRBPMEATIDN IIELAV MAXmE/MIXSIIHI EIMAXSMZE ”III "“3089! WITH Sfll : DPEN m f WMWL 5w v E \ w Vz \ 2 wow zumw “RIVER PRBPMEATIDN IlEuV “RIVER PROPAEATIDII IIELAV MAXmSE/MIXSIIME/MAXSMSE MID MARI"!!! WITH Sfll = VEC “WWW? r 5DDns/d v IIVI wow 2 wow DI wvz MAXWEMIXSIIHTEIMAXWE Alll'l MAXSDE! WITH Sfll : lillll fwfiwwr SDns/dw
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
_______________________________________________________________________________________
9
2μs/div
DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3082E AND MAX3089E
WITH SRL = OPEN
DI
VY - VZ
5V/div
2.5V/div
MAX3080/3089 TYP-20
500ns/div
DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E AND MAX3089E
WITH SRL = VCC
DI
VY - VZ
5V/div
2.5V/div
MAX3080/3089 TYP-21
50ns/div
DRIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E AND MAX3089E
WITH SRL = GND
DI
VY - VZ
5V/div
2.5V/div
MAX3080/3089 TYP-22
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = +5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
50ns/div
VA - VB
RO
2V/div
5V/div
MAX3080/3089 TYP-18
RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E AND MAX3089E
WITH SRL = GND
50ns/div
VA - VB
RO
2V/div
5V/div
MAX3080/3089 TYP-17
RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
MAX3080E–MAX3085E AND MAX3089E
WITH SRL = OPEN OR VCC
[VI/JXIIVI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
10 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Pin Description
MAX3081E
MAX3084E
MAX3087E
MAX3080E
MAX3083E
MAX3086E
MAX3082E
MAX3085E
MAX3088E
FULL-DUPLEX
DEVICES
HALF-
DUPLEX
MODE
FULL-
DUPLEX
MODE
HALF-
DUPLEX
DEVICES
95 — Noninverting Driver OutputY9
5
6
7
5
6
7
3
4
4
5
Driver Input. With DE high, a low on DI forces noninverting
output low and inverting output high. Similarly, a high on DI
forces non-inverting output high and inverting output low.
DI5
Slew-Rate-Limit Selector Pin. Connect SRL to GND for
10Mbps communication rate; connect to VCC for
500kbps communication rate. Leave unconnected for
115kbps communication rate.
SRL
GroundGND6, 7
88— — TXP
44— 3
Driver Output Enable. Drive DE high to enable driver out-
puts. These outputs are high impedance when DE is low.
Drive RE high and DE low to enter low-power shutdown
mode.
DE4
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
1
2
Receiver Output. When RE is low and if A - B -50mV,
RO will be high; if A - B -200mV, RO will be low.
RO2
Receiver Output Enable. Drive RE low to enable RO; RO
is high impedance when RE is high. Drive RE high and
DE low to enter low-power shutdown mode.
RE
3
FUNCTIONNAME
Half/Full-Duplex Selector Pin. Connect H/Fto VCC for half-
duplex mode; connect to GND or leave unconnected for
full-duplex mode.
H/F
Transmitter Phase. Connect TXP to GND, or leave floating
for normal transmitter phase/polarity. Connect to VCC to
invert the transmitter phase/polarity.
9 Y Noninverting Receiver Input and Noninverting Driver
Output*
10 6 10 Z Inverting Driver Output
10 ZInverting Receiver Input and Inverting Driver Output*
11 7 11 B Inverting Receiver Input
11 BReceiver Input Resistors*
7 B Inverting Receiver Input and Inverting Driver Output
MAX3089E
PIN
[VI/JXI [VI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
______________________________________________________________________________________ 11
Pin Description (continued)
Function Tables
TRANSMITTING
INPUTS OUTPUTS
RE DE DI Z Y
X 1 1 0 1
X 1 0 1 0
0 0 X High-Z High-Z
1 0 X Shutdown
RECEIVING
INPUTS OUTPUT
RE DE A - B RO
0 X -0.05V 1
0 X -0.2V 0
0 X Open/shorted 1
1 1 X High-Z
1 0 X Shutdown
TRANSMITTING
INPUT OUTPUTS
DI Z Y
101
010
RECEIVING
INPUTS OUTPUT
A - B RO
-0.05V 1
-0.2V 0
Open/shorted 1
X = Don’t care
Shutdown mode, driver and receiver outputs high impedance
*
(MAX3089E only). In half-duplex mode, the driver outputs serve as receiver inputs. The full-duplex receiver inputs (A and B) will still
have a 1/8-unit load, but are not connected to the receiver.
MAX3081E/MAX3084E/MAX3087EMAX3080E/MAX3083E/MAX3086E
FUNCTIONNAME
Not Connected. Not internally connected.N.C.1, 8, 13
Positive Supply 4.75V VCC 5.25VVCC
14148114
Receiver Phase. Connect RXP to GND, or leave uncon-
nected for normal receiver phase/polarity. Connect to
VCC to invert the receiver phase/polarity.
RXP1313
Noninverting Receiver Input and Noninverting Driver
Output
A6
Receiver Input Resistors*
HALF-
DUPLEX
DEVICES
FULL-
DUPLEX
MODE
HALF-
DUPLEX
MODE
A12
Noninverting Receiver InputA12812
MAX3081E
MAX3084E
MAX3087E
MAX3080E
MAX3083E
MAX3086E
MAX3082E
MAX3085E
MAX3088E
MAX3089E
FULL-DUPLEX
DEVICES
PIN
[VI/JXIIVI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
12 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Function Tables (continued)
TRANSMITTING
INPUTS OUTPUTS
RE DE DI B/Z A/Y
X 1 1 0 1
X 1 0 1 0
0 0 X High-Z High-Z
1 0 X Shutdown
RECEIVING
INPUTS OUTPUT
RE DE A - B RO
0 X -0.05V 1
0 X -0.2V 0
0 X Open/shorted 1
1 1 X High-Z
1 0 X Shutdown
MAX3089E
TRANSMITTING
INPUTS OUTPUTS
TXP RE DE DI Z Y
0 X 1 1 0 1
0 X 1 0 1 0
1 X 1 1 1 0
1 X 1 0 0 1
X 0 0 X High-Z High-Z
X 1 0 X Shutdown
INPUTS OUTPUT
H/FRXP RE DE A - B Y - Z RO
0 0 0 X -0.05V X 1
0 0 0 X -0.2V X 0
0 1 0 X -0.05V X 0
0 1 0 X -0.2V X 1
1 0 0 0 X -0.05V 1
1 0 0 0 X -0.2V 0
1 1 0 0 X -0.05V 0
1 1 0 0 X -0.2V 1
0 0 0 X Open/
shorted X 1
1 0 0 0 X Open/
shorted 1
0 1 0 X Open/
shorted X 0
1 1 0 0 X Open/
shorted 0
X X 1 1 X X High-Z
X X 1 0 X X Shutdown
RECEIVING
X = Don’t care
Shutdown mode, driver and receiver outputs high impedance
MAX3082E/MAX3085E/MAX3088E
MAXJUSUE j mmxuM 1: MAXJUSSE MAXJUSEE 3% fl mm flflflflflflfl ULIUUUULI :[i fl mm DIP/SO L J:— TOP V‘EW 0‘ F u MAXIM t MAXSUEIE v“ ‘ MAXSUME MAXSUWE :2 L'flii: ’{fmfflk [3ND l: 5 v ““7 DI PISD D Fm 7RD GND F/gL/re 2 MAX3087E/MAX3084E/MAX3087E Pm Con/Igulalron am! Typ/C |_||_||_|U 5}}; ER FH—H—H—W [VI/JXI [VI EGBOSXVW'EOBOSXVW
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
______________________________________________________________________________________ 13
MAX3081E
MAX3084E
MAX3087E
TOP VIEW
1
2
3
4
RO
DI
GND
8
7
6
5
A
B
Z
Y
VCC
DIP/SO
R
D
Rt
Rt
VCC
5
6
7
8
RO
DI
GND
4GND
DI
RO
3
2
A
B
Y
Z
VCC
DR
RD
1
0.1μF
Figure 2. MAX3081E/MAX3084E/MAX3087E Pin Configuration and Typical Full-Duplex Operating Circuit
MAX3080E
MAX3083E
MAX3086E
DIP/SO
TOP VIEW
Rt
Rt
DE VCC
RE
GND
VCC RE
GND DE
RO
DI
9
10
12
11
B
A
Z
Y
0.1μF
5
RO
NC
DI
2
1, 8, 13
3 6, 7
144
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
VCC
N.C.
N.C.
A
B
Z
Y
N.C.
RO
RE
DE
DI
GND
GND
R
D
D
RD
R
Figure 1. MAX3080E/MAX3083E/MAX3086E Pin Configuration and Typical Full-Duplex Operating Circuit
MAX3082E
MAX3085E
MAX3088E
TOP VIEW
NOTE: PIN LABELS Y AND Z ON TIMING, TEST, AND WAVEFORM DIAGRAMS. REFER TO PINS A AND B WHEN DE IS HIGH.
VCC
0.1μF
GND
DI
DE
RE
RO R
D
Rt
Rt
7
6
D
R
DE
RE
DI
RO
A
B
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
VCC
B
A
GND
DI
DE
RE
RO
DIP/SO
R
D
B
A
1
2
3
4
8
5
Figure 3. MAX3082E/MAX3085E/MAX3088E Pin Configuration and Typical Half-Duplex Operating Circuit
[VI/JXIIVI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
Detailed Description
The MAX3080E–MAX3089E high-speed transceivers for
RS-485/RS-422 communication contain one driver and
one receiver. These devices feature fail-safe circuitry,
which guarantees a logic-high receiver output when the
receiver inputs are open or shorted, or when they are
connected to a terminated transmission line with all
drivers disabled (see the
Fail-Safe
section). The
MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3082E feature reduced
slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflec-
tions caused by improperly terminated cables, allowing
error-free data transmission up to 115kbps (see the
Reduced EMI and Reflections
section). The
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E offer higher driver
output slew-rate limits, allowing transmit speeds up to
500kbps. The MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E’s dri-
ver slew rates are not limited, making transmit speeds
up to 10Mbps possible. The MAX3089E’s slew rate is
selectable between 115kbps, 500kbps, and 10Mbps
by driving a selector pin with a three-state driver.
The MAX3082E/MAX3085E/MAX3088E are half-duplex
transceivers, while the MAX3080E/MAX3081E/
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3086E/MAX3087E are full-
duplex transceivers. The MAX3089E is selectable
between half- and full-duplex communication by driving
a selector pin high or low, respectively.
All of these parts operate from a single +5V supply.
Drivers are output short-circuit current limited. Thermal
shutdown circuitry protects drivers against excessive
power dissipation. When activated, the thermal shut-
down circuitry places the driver outputs into a high-
impedance state.
Receiver Input Filtering
The receivers of the MAX3080E–MAX3085E, and the
MAX3089E when operating in 115kbps or 500kbps
mode, incorporate input filtering in addition to input
hysteresis. This filtering enhances noise immunity with
differential signals that have very slow rise and fall
times. Receiver propagation delay increases by 20%
due to this filtering.
Fail-Safe
The MAX3080E family guarantees a logic-high receiver
output when the receiver inputs are shorted or open, or
when they are connected to a terminated transmission
line with all drivers disabled. This is done by setting the
receiver threshold between -50mV and -200mV. If the
differential receiver input voltage (A - B) is greater than
or equal to -50mV, RO is logic high. If A - B is less than
or equal to -200mV, RO is logic low. In the case of a
terminated bus with all transmitters disabled, the
receiver’s differential input voltage is pulled to 0V by
the termination. With the receiver thresholds of the
MAX3080E family, this results in a logic high with a
50mV minimum noise margin. Unlike previous fail-safe
devices, the -50mV to -200mV threshold complies with
the ±200mV EIA/TIA-485 standard.
MAX3089E Programming
The MAX3089E has several programmable operating
modes. Transmitter rise and fall times are programma-
ble between 2500ns, 750ns, and 25ns, resulting in
maximum data rates of 115kbps, 500kbps, and
10Mbps, respectively. To select the desired data rate,
drive SRL to one of three possible states by using a
three-state driver, by connecting it to VCC or GND, or
by leaving it unconnected. For 115kbps operation, set
the three-state device in high-impedance mode or
leave SRL unconnected. For 500kbps operation, drive
SRL high or connect it to VCC. For 10Mbps operation,
drive SRL low or connect it to GND. SRL can be
changed during operation without interrupting data
communications.
Occasionally, twisted-pair lines are connected back-
ward from normal orientation. The MAX3089E has two
pins that invert the phase of the driver and the receiver
to correct for this problem. For normal operation, drive
TXP and RXP low, connect them to ground, or leave
them unconnected (internal pulldown). To invert the dri-
ver phase, drive TXP high or connect it to VCC. To
invert the receiver phase, drive RXP high or connect it
to VCC. Note that the receiver threshold is positive
when RXP is high.
The MAX3089E can operate in full- or half-duplex
mode. Drive the H/Fpin low, leave it unconnected
(internal pulldown), or connect it to GND for full-duplex
operation, and drive it high for half-duplex operation. In
full-duplex mode, the pin configuration of the driver and
receiver is the same as that of a MAX3080E (Figure 4).
In half-duplex mode, the receiver inputs are switched to
the driver outputs, connecting outputs Y and Z to inputs
A and B, respectively. In half-duplex mode, the internal
full-duplex receiver input resistors are still connected to
pins 11 and 12.
±15kV ESD Protection
As with all Maxim devices, ESD-protection structures
are incorporated on all pins to protect against electro-
static discharges encountered during handling and
assembly. The driver outputs and receiver inputs of the
MAX3080E–MAX3089E family have extra protection
against static electricity. Maxim’s engineers have
developed state-of-the-art structures to protect these
pins against ESD of ±15kV without damage.
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
14 ______________________________________________________________________________________
MAXIM flflflfll—iI—H—I UUUUUULI DE SPL R VHS 2— i TEST PUiNT RECEiVER DUTPUT m iSpF Figure 5 Driver DC Tesl Luad The ESD-protected pins are tested with reference to the ground pin in a powered-down condition They are test- ed to :15KV using the Human Body Model. ESD Test Conditions ESD performance depends on a variety of conditions, Contact Maxim for a reliability report that documents test setup test methodology and test results Human Bady Model Figure 14a shows the Human Body Model and Figure 14b shows the current waveform it generates when dis- lVI/JXI [VI Figure 6 Receiver Enable/Disable Timing Tesl Load charged into a low impedance This model c a 100pF capacitor charged to the ESD Voitag est which is then discharged into the te through a 1 5kg resistor. Machi The Machine Model for ESD tests all pins ZOOpF storage capacitor and zero dischar tance The obiective is to emulate the stres when i/O pins are contacted by handling e during test and assembly. All pins require th tion‘ notiust R8485 inputs and outputs
The ESD-protected pins are tested with reference to the
ground pin in a powered-down condition. They are test-
ed to ±15kV using the Human Body Model.
ESD Test Conditions
ESD performance depends on a variety of conditions.
Contact Maxim for a reliability report that documents
test setup, test methodology, and test results.
Human Body Model
Figure 14a shows the Human Body Model, and Figure
14b shows the current waveform it generates when dis-
charged into a low impedance. This model consists of
a 100pF capacitor charged to the ESD voltage of inter-
est, which is then discharged into the test device
through a 1.5kΩresistor.
Machine Model
The Machine Model for ESD tests all pins using a
200pF storage capacitor and zero discharge resis-
tance. The objective is to emulate the stress caused
when I/O pins are contacted by handling equipment
during test and assembly. All pins require this protec-
tion, not just RS-485 inputs and outputs.
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
______________________________________________________________________________________ 15
R
R
Y
Z
VOD
VOC
Figure 5. Driver DC Test Load
RECEIVER
OUTPUT
TEST POINT
1k
1k
S1
S2
VCC
CRL
15pF
Figure 6. Receiver Enable/Disable Timing Test Load
DIP/SO
TOP VIEW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
VCC
RXP
TXP
A
B
Z
Y
RO
RE
DE
DI
SRL
GND
H/F
MAX3089E
RD
VCC
TXP
A
B
Z
Y
GND DE SRL
DI
MAX3089E
H/F
RE
NOTE: SWITCH POSITIONS
INDICATED FOR H/F = GND
RXP
Figure 4. MAX3089E Pin Configuration and Functional Diagram
[VI/JXIIM
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
16 ______________________________________________________________________________________
DI
DE
3V
Y
Z
CL1
CL2
RDIFF
VOD2 OUTPUT
UNDER TEST
500ΩS1
S2
VCC
CL
Figure 7. Driver Timing Test Circuit Figure 8. Driver Enable and Disable Timing Test Load
DI
5V
0
Z
Y
VO
0
-VO
VO
1.5V
tDPLH
1/2 VO
10%
tDR
90% 90%
tDPHL
1.5V
1/2 VO
10%
tDF
VDIFF = V (Y) - V (Z)
VDIFF
tSKEW = | tDPLH - tDPHL |
OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW
OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH
5V
0
Y, Z
VOL
Y, Z
0
1.5V 1.5V
VOL +0.5V
VOH -0.5V
2.3V
2.3V
tDZL(SHDN), tDZL tDLZ
tDZH(SHDN), tDZH tDHZ
DE
Figure 9. Driver Propagation Delays Figure 10. Driver Enable and Disable Times (Except
MAX3081E/MAX3084E/MAX3087E)
VOH
VOL
A
B
1V
-1V
1.5V 1.5V
OUTPUT
INPUT
RO
tRPLH
tRPHL
OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW
OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH
5V
0
VCC
RO
RO
0
1.5V 1.5V
VOL + 0.5V
VOH - 0.5V
1.5V
1.5V
tRZL(SHDN), tRZL tRLZ
tRZH(SHDN), tRZH tRHZ
RE
Figure 11. Receiver Propagation Delays Figure 12. Receiver Enable and Disable Times (Except
MAX3081E/MAX3084E/MAX3087E)
mokHz/dw ‘M DHZ woanymv ‘MHZ 0H1 mokHz/dw ‘M figure 15 Driver mum Wave/arm and FFT Plot 0! MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E and MAX30895 wym SRL : Vac Transmnmg a ZDKHZ Srgna/ [VI/JXI [VI
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
______________________________________________________________________________________ 17
R
B
RECEIVER
OUTPUT
ATE
A
VID R
Figure 13. Receiver Propagation Delay Test Circuit
100kHz/div0Hz 1MHz
20dB/div
MAX3080/3089 FIG-14
Figure 15. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of
MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E, and MAX3089E with
SRL = GND, Transmitting a 20kHz Signal
CHARGE-CURRENT
LIMIT RESISTOR
DISCHARGE
RESISTANCE
STORAGE
CAPACITOR
Cs
100pF
RC
1MΩ
RD
1500Ω
HIGH-
VOLTAGE
DC
SOURCE
DEVICE
UNDER
TEST
Figure 14a. Human Body ESD Test Model
IP 100%
90%
36.8%
tRL TIME
tDL
CURRENT WAVEFORM
PEAK-TO-PEAK RINGING
(NOT DRAWN TO SCALE)
Ir
10%
0
0
AMPERES
Figure 14b. Human Body Current Waveform
100kHz/div0Hz 1MHz
B
A
20dB/div
MAX3080/3089 FIG-15
Figure 16. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E, and MAX3089E
with SRL = V
CC,
Transmitting a 20kHz Signal
100kHz/div0Hz 1MHz
B
A
20dB/div
MAX3080/3089 FIG-16
Figure 17. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of
MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3082E, and MAX3089E
with SRL = Unconnected, Transmitting a 20kHz Signal
MAX3080 MAXI/Ill m E/MAXSOEQE ONLV ills/div Figure 18 Line Repeater for MAXSDBDEWAXSDBiE/MAXSDBSE/ MAX3DS4E/MAX3086E/MAX3087E. and MAX3089E In fill/Duplex Applications information 256 Transceivers on the Bus The standard R8485 rec impedance is iZkQ (one-unit load). and the s can drive up to 32 unit loads. The MAX ftransceivers have a 1/8-unit-Ioad rece impedance (96km. aiIoWing up to 256 transc connected in par- allel on one communica ombination of these devices and/or 0th transceivers with a total of 32 unit loads or connected to the line Reduced EM! and Reflections The MAXBOSOE—MAXBOSE MAXSOBQE with SRL : VCc or unconnected. are ed minimizing EMI and reducing reflect improperly ter- minated cables. Figure driver output waveform and its Fourie 20kHz signal transmitted by a MAX3 E/MAXBOBSE. and MAXSOSQE with SRL High-frequency har- monic components With s are evident. Figure 16 shows the s splayed for a MAXSOBBE/MAXBOSAE/M MAXBOBQE with SRL : VCC, transmitting me conditions. Figure 16’s high-frequen mponents are much lower in amplitude h Figure 15‘s. and the potential for EA!“ reduced. Figure 17 shows the same sign for a MAXBOSOE/ MAXBOBiE/MAXBOBZE. E with SRL : unconnected. transmittin me conditions. Figure 17’s high-frequen mponents are even lower. 18 in general. a transmitters rise time relates direct length of an unterminated stub, which can be dri only minor waveform reflections The follDWing e expresses this relationship conservatively Length : lRiSE/ (10 x 1.5mm) where lFiiSE is the transmitters rise time For example, the MAXSOBOE’s rise time is t 1320ns. which results in excellent waveforms wit length up to 90 feet A system can work well Wit unterminated stubs even with severe reflection waveform settles out before the UART samples th Low-Power Shutdown {Except MAX3082EMAX3085E/MAX3 Liw-power shutdown mode is initiated by bring RE high and DE low In shutdown. the devices draw only inA of supply current K and DE may be driven simultaneofily. the p guaranteed not to enter shutdown if RE is high is low for less than 50ns if the inputs are in th for at least 600ns. the parts are guaranteed shutdown Enable times IZi—i and lZL in the Switching acteristi'cs tables assume the part was not in power shutdown state Enable times IZHisi—iD tZL(Si—iDN) assume the parts were shut down. drivers and receivers longer to become enabi low-power shutdown mode (lZi—i(SHDN) 1ZL(SHD from driver/receiver-disable mode (tzi—i. tZL). [VI/JXIIM
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
Applications Information
256 Transceivers on the Bus
The standard RS-485 receiver input impedance is 12kΩ
(one-unit load), and the standard driver can drive up to
32 unit loads. The MAX3080E family of transceivers
have a 1/8-unit-load receiver input impedance (96kΩ),
allowing up to 256 transceivers to be connected in par-
allel on one communication line. Any combination of
these devices and/or other RS-485 transceivers with a
total of 32 unit loads or less can be connected to the
line.
Reduced EMI and Reflections
The MAX3080E–MAX3085E, and MAX3089E with SRL =
VCC or unconnected, are slew-rate limited, minimizing
EMI and reducing reflections caused by improperly ter-
minated cables. Figure 15 shows the driver output
waveform and its Fourier analysis of a 20kHz signal
transmitted by a MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E,
and MAX3089E with SRL = GND. High-frequency har-
monic components with large amplitudes are evident.
Figure 16 shows the same signal displayed for a
MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E, and MAX3089E with
SRL = VCC, transmitting under the same conditions.
Figure 16’s high-frequency harmonic components are
much lower in amplitude, compared with Figure 15’s,
and the potential for EMI is significantly reduced. Figure
17 shows the same signal displayed for a MAX3080E/
MAX3081E/MAX3082E, and MAX3089E with SRL =
unconnected, transmitting under the same conditions.
Figure 17’s high-frequency harmonic components are
even lower.
In general, a transmitter’s rise time relates directly to the
length of an unterminated stub, which can be driven with
only minor waveform reflections. The following equation
expresses this relationship conservatively:
Length = tRISE / (10 x 1.5ns/ft)
where tRISE is the transmitter’s rise time.
For example, the MAX3080E’s rise time is typically
1320ns, which results in excellent waveforms with a stub
length up to 90 feet. A system can work well with longer
unterminated stubs, even with severe reflections, if the
waveform settles out before the UART samples them.
Low-Power Shutdown Mode
(Except MAX3082E/MAX3085E/MAX3088E)
Low-power shutdown mode is initiated by bringing both
RE high and DE low. In shutdown, the devices typically
draw only 1nA of supply current.
RE and DE may be driven simultaneously; the parts are
guaranteed not to enter shutdown if RE is high and DE
is low for less than 50ns. If the inputs are in this state
for at least 600ns, the parts are guaranteed to enter
shutdown.
Enable times tZH and tZL in the
Switching Char-
acteristics
tables assume the part was not in a low-
power shutdown state. Enable times tZH(SHDN) and
tZL(SHDN) assume the parts were shut down. It takes
drivers and receivers longer to become enabled from
low-power shutdown mode (tZH(SHDN), tZL(SHDN)) than
from driver/receiver-disable mode (tZH, tZL).
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
18 ______________________________________________________________________________________
120Ω
120ΩDATA IN
DATA OUT
R
D
RO
RE
DE
DI
A
B
Z
Y
MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3083E/
MAX3084E/MAX3086E/MAX3087E/
MAX3089E (FULL DUPLEX)
NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX3080E/MAX3083E/MAX3086E/MAX3089E ONLY.
Figure 18. Line Repeater for MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3083E/
MAX3084E/MAX3086E/MAX3087E, and MAX3089E in Full-Duplex
Mode
5μs/div
VA - VB
DI
RO
1V/div
5V/div
5V/div
MAX3080/3089 FIG-18
Figure 19. MAX3080E/MAX3081E/MAX3082E, and MAX3089E
with SRL = Unconnected, System Differential Voltage at 50kHz
Driving 4000ft of Cable
Arm/my WWMW lusr‘flv Figure 20 MAXSDBSE/MAX3084E/MAX30855 and MAX30895 With SRL : l/Cc Syslern Differential Vollage a! 50KHZ Driving 4000/! of Cable MAXI/VI Driver Output Protection Two mechanisms prevent excessive output current and power dissipation caused by faults or by bus con- tention, The first a foldback current limit on the output stage provides immediate protection against short cir- cuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see Typical Operating Characteristics), The second, a ther- mal shutdown circuit‘ forces the driver outputs into a high-impedance state if the die temperature becomes excessive Line Length vs. Data Rate The RS—485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to 4000 feet For line lengths greater than 4000 feet use the repeater application shown in Figure 18 Figures 19‘ 20‘ and 21 show the system differential volt- age for the parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG tWisted- pair wire at ftOkHz into 1209 loads [VI/JXI [VI Typical Applic The MAXBOBZE/MAXSOSSE/MAX3088E/MA transceivers are designed for bidirectional d munications on multipoint bus transmissi Figures 22 and 23 show typical network app circuits. These parts can also be used as line r with cable lengths longer than 4000 feet‘ as Figure 18 To minimize reflections, the line should be term both ends in its characteristic impedance lengths off the main line should be kept as possible The slew-rate-limited MAXBOBZE/MA and the two modes of the MAX3089E, are mor of imperfect termination,
Driver Output Protection
Two mechanisms prevent excessive output current and
power dissipation caused by faults or by bus con-
tention. The first, a foldback current limit on the output
stage, provides immediate protection against short cir-
cuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see
Typical Operating Characteristics
). The second, a ther-
mal shutdown circuit, forces the driver outputs into a
high-impedance state if the die temperature becomes
excessive.
Line Length vs. Data Rate
The RS-485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to
4000 feet. For line lengths greater than 4000 feet, use
the repeater application shown in Figure 18.
Figures 19, 20, and 21 show the system differential volt-
age for the parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG twisted-
pair wire at 110kHz into 120Ωloads.
Typical Applications
The MAX3082E/MAX3085E/MAX3088E/MAX3089E
transceivers are designed for bidirectional data com-
munications on multipoint bus transmission lines.
Figures 22 and 23 show typical network applications
circuits. These parts can also be used as line repeaters,
with cable lengths longer than 4000 feet, as shown in
Figure 18.
To minimize reflections, the line should be terminated at
both ends in its characteristic impedance, and stub
lengths off the main line should be kept as short as
possible. The slew-rate-limited MAX3082E/MAX3085E,
and the two modes of the MAX3089E, are more tolerant
of imperfect termination.
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
______________________________________________________________________________________ 19
2μs/div
VA - VB
DI
RO
1V/div
5V/div
5V/div
MAX3080/3089 FIG-19
Figure 20. MAX3083E/MAX3084E/MAX3085E, and MAX3089E
with SRL = V
CC,
System Differential Voltage at 50kHz Driving
4000ft of Cable
1μs/div
VA - VB
DI
RO
1V/div
5V/div
5V/div
MAX3080/3089 FIG-20
Figure 21. MAX3086E/MAX3087E/MAX3088E, and MAX3089E
with SRL = GND, System Differential Voltage at 200kHz Driving
4000ft of Cable
DI RO DE
RE
A
B/Z*
RE
RERE
RO
RO
RO
DI
DI
DI
DE
DE
DE
DD
D
R
R
R
BB
B
A
A
A/Y*
120Ω120Ω
D
R
MAX3082E
MAX3085E
MAX3088E
*MAX3089E (HALF-DUPLEX)
Figure 22. Typical Half-Duplex RS-485 Network
MAX308OE-M [MAXI/III Hours 23 Typ/Ca/ FL/rrnup/ex R3455 Network Mamr cannor assume rcsponsrbu‘dy my us: 0/ any unwary own! man cm W ammo/y nmbodrcu m a Mam" prouucl N ”up/rm Mam msmvcs mo ugh: :0 Chang: m: away and sonar/rewons WI.’ m Home a! any ma: 20 Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Dnve, Sunnyvale, CA 9 © 2006 Maxrm Imegrated Products [MAXIM rs a regrstered trademark of Maxrm
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
20
__________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 (408) 737-7600
© 2006 Maxim Integrated Products is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
MAX3080E–MAX3089E
±15kV ESD-Protected, Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps),
Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Figure 23. Typical Full-Duplex RS-485 Network
120Ω120Ω
R
D
RO
RE
DE
DI
A
B
Y
120Ω120Ω
DI
DI DIRO RO
RO
DE DE
DE
RE
RE
RE
Z
Z
Z
Z
YY
Y
AA
A
BB
B
DD
D
RR
R
MAX3080E
MAX3081E
MAX3083E
MAX3084E
MAX3086E
MAX3087E
MAX3089E (FULL-DUPLEX)
NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX3080E/MAX3083E/MAX3086E/MAX3089E ONLY.
8 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3085EEPA
14 SO-40°C to +85°CMAX3083EESD
14 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3083ECPD
14 SO0°C to +70°C
MAX3083ECSD
8 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3082EEPA
8 SO-40°C to +85°CMAX3082EESA
8 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3082ECPA
8 SO0°C to +70°C
MAX3082ECSA
8 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3081EEPA
8 SO-40°C to +85°CMAX3081EESA
8 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3081ECPA
8 SO0°C to +70°C
MAX3081ECSA
PIN-PACKAGETEMP. RANGEPART
14 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3083EEPD
8 SO0°C to +70°C
MAX3084ECSA
8 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3084ECPA
8 SO-40°C to +85°CMAX3084EESA
8 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3084EEPA
8 SO0°C to +70°C
MAX3085ECSA
8 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3085ECPA
8 SO-40°C to +85°CMAX3085EESA
Ordering Information (continued)
PART TEMP. RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
MAX3086ECSD 0°C to +70°C 14 SO
MAX3086ECPD 0°C to +70°C 14 Plastic DIP
MAX3086EESD -40°C to +85°C 14 SO
MAX3086EEPD -40°C to +85°C 14 Plastic DIP
MAX3087ECSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
8 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3087ECPA
MAX3087EESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
8 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3087EEPA
MAX3088ECSA 0°C to +70°C 8 SO
8 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3088ECPA
MAX3088EESA -40°C to +85°C 8 SO
8 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3088EEPA
MAX3089ECSD 0°C to +70°C 14 SO
14 Plastic DIP0°C to +70°CMAX3089ECPD
MAX3089EESD -40°C to +85°C 14 SO
14 Plastic DIP-40°C to +85°CMAX3089EEPD
Revision History
Pages changed at Rev 1: 1, 19, 20

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