MAX5712 Datasheet by Maxim Integrated

View All Related Products | Download PDF Datasheet
maxim integrated
General Description
The MAX5712 is a small footprint, low-power, 12-bit digital-
to-analog converter (DAC) that operates from a single
+2.7V to +5.5V supply. The MAX5712 on-chip precision
output amplifier provides rail-to-rail output swing. Drawing
only 85μA supply current at +3V, the MAX5712 is ideally
suited for portable battery-operated equipment.
The MAX5712 utilizes a 3-wire serial-interface that is
compatible with SPI/QSPI™/MICROWIRE® and DSP-
interface standards. All logic inputs are CMOS-logic com-
patible and buffered with Schmitt triggers to allow direct
interfacing to optocouplers. The MAX5712 incorporates
a power-on reset (POR) circuit that ensures the DAC
begins in a zero-volt-state upon power-up. A power-down
mode that reduces current consumption to 0.3μA may be
initiated through a software command.
The MAX5712 is available in a small 6-pin SOT23
package. For dual and quad 12-bit versions, see the
MAX5722 and MAX5742 data sheets. For single, dual,
and quad 10-bit versions, see the MAX5711, MAX5721
and MAX5741 data sheets. The MAX5712 is specified over
the automotive temperature range of -40°C to +125°C.
Applications
Automatic Tuning
Gain and Offset Adjustment
Power Amplifier Control
Process Control I/O Boards
Battery-Powered Equipment
VCO Control
Features
Wide -40°C to +125°C Operating Temperature Range
Low 85μA Supply Current
Ultra Low 0.3μA Power-Down Supply Current
Single +2.7V to +5.5V Supply Voltage
Fast 20MHz 3-Wire SPI/QSPI/MICROWIRE and
DSP-Compatible Serial Interface
Schmitt-Triggered Inputs for Direct Interfacing to
Optocouplers
Rail-to-Rail Output Buffer
Tiny 6-Pin SOT23 Package
Power-On Reset to 0V
Three Software-Selectable Power-Down Output
Impedances (100kΩ, 1kΩ, Hi-Z)
19-2126; Rev 4; 9/16
Pin Configuration appears at end of data sheet.
+Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package.
QSPI is a trademark of Motorola, Inc.
MICROWIRE is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor, Corp.
PART TEMP RANGE PIN-
PACKAGE
TOP
MARK
MAX5712EUT+T -40°C to +85°C 6 SOT23 ABCQ/ACST
MAX5712AUT+T -40°C to +125°C 6 SOT23 AAUD/ACST
DAC
REGISTER
INPUT
CONTROL
LOGIC
12-BIT
DAC
REF+
VDD GND
OUT
100k1k
CS SCLK DIN
REF-
OUTPUT
BUFFER
POWER-ON
RESET
POWER-DOWN
CONTROL
LOGIC
MAX5712
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
Ordering Information
Functional Diagram
VDD to GND ............................................................-0.3V to +6V
OUT, SCLK, DIN, CS to GND ................... -0.3V to (VDD+ 0.3V)
Maximum Current into Any Pin.........................................±50mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
6-Pin SOT23 (derate 9.1mW/°C above +70°C) ..........727mW
Operating Temperature Range ......................... -40°C to +125°C
Maximum Junction Temperature .....................................+150°C
Storage Temperature Range ............................ -65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) ................................. +300°C
Soldering Temperature (reflow) ....................................... +260°C
SOT23
Junction-to-Ambient Thermal Resistance (θJA) ...134.40°C/W
Junction-to-Case Thermal Resistance (θJC) ...............39°C/W
(Note 1)
(VDD = +2.7V to +5.5V, GND = 0, RL = 5kΩ, CL = 200pF, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VDD = +5V.
TA = +25°C)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
STATIC ACCURACY (NOTE 1)
Resolution N 12 Bits
Differential Nonlinearity Error DNL Guaranteed monotonic (Note 2) ±1 LSB
Integral Nonlinearity Error INL (Note 2) ±2 ±16 LSB
Zero-Code Error OE Code = 000 0.4 1.5 % of FS
Zero-Code Error Tempco 2.3 ppm/°C
Gain Error GE Code = FFF hex -3 % of FS
Gain-Error Tempco Integral 0.26 ppm/°C
DAC OUTPUT
Output Voltage Range No-load (Note 3) 0 VDD V
DC Output Impedance Code = 800 hex 0.8
Short Circuit Current VDD = +3V 15 mA
VDD = +5V 48
Wake-Up Time VDD = +3V 8µs
VDD = +5V 8
Output Leakage Current Power-down mode = output high-impedance ±18 ±33 nA
DIGITAL INPUTS (SCLK, DIN, CS)
Input High Voltage VIH VDD = +3V, +5V 0.7 x VDD V
Input Low Voltage VIL VDD = +3V, +5V 0.3 x VDD V
Input Leakage Current IIN Digital Inputs = 0 or VDD ±0.1 ±1 µA
Input Capacitance CIN 5 pF
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
Voltage-Output Slew Rate SR 0.5 V/µs
Voltage-Output Settling Time 400 hex to C00 hex (Note 4) 4 10 µs
Digital Feedthrough Any digital inputs from 0 to VDD 0.2 nV-s
Digital-Analog Glitch Impulse Major carry transition (code 7FF hex to code
800 hex) 12 nV-s
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
www.maximintegrated.com Maxim Integrated
2
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these
or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
Package Thermal Characteristics
Electrical Characteristics
(VDD = +2.7V to +5.5V, GND = 0, RL = 5kΩ, CL = 200pF, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at VDD = +5V.
TA = +25°C)
Note 1: DC Specifications are tested without output loads.
Note 2: Linearity guaranteed from code 115 to code 3981.
Note 3: Offset and gain error limit the FSR.
Note 4: Guaranteed by design.
(TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Supply Voltage Range VDD 2.7 5.5 V
Supply Current with No-Load IDD
All digital inputs at 0 or VDD, VDD = +3.6V 85 150 µA
All digital inputs at 0 or VDD, VDD = +5.5V 105 187
Power-Down Supply Current IDDPD All digital inputs at 0 or VDD, VDD = +5.5V 0.29 1 µA
TIMING CHARACTERISTICS (FIGURE 1) (TIMING IS TESTED WITH NO-LOAD)
SCLK Clock Frequency fSCLK 0 20 MHz
SCLK Pulse Width High tCH 20 ns
SCLK Pulse Width Low tCL 20 ns
CS Fall-to-SLCK Rise Setup tCSS 15 ns
DIN Setup Time tDS 15 ns
DIN Hold Time tDH 0 ns
SCLK Falling Edge-to-CS
Rising Edge tCSH 10 ns
CS Pulse Width High tCSW 80 ns
-16
-4
-8
-12
0
4
12
8
16
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
INTEGRAL NONLINEARITY
vs. CODE, TA = +25°C
MAX5712 toc01
CODE
INL (LSB)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.0
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
DIFFERENTIAL NONLINEARITY
vs. CODE, TA = +25°C
MAX5712 toc02
CODE
DNL (LSB)
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.0
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
TOTAL UNADJUSTED ERROR
vs. CODE, TA = +25°C
MAX5712 toc03
CODE
TUE (%)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
www.maximintegrated.com Maxim Integrated
3
Electrical Characteristics (continued)
Typical Operating Characteristics
SOURCE-AND-SINK CURRENT CODE : we 5 KWG w Mo 0
(TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
-16
-4
-8
-12
0
4
12
8
16
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
INTEGRAL NONLINEARITY
vs. CODE, TA = -40°C
MAX5712 toc04
CODE
INL (LSB)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.0
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
DIFFERENTIAL NONLINEARITY
vs. CODE, TA = -40°C
MAX5712 toc05
CODE
DNL (LSB)
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.0
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
TOTAL UNADJUSTED ERROR
vs. CODE, TA = -40°C
MAX5712 toc06
CODE
TUE (%)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
-16
-4
-8
-12
0
4
12
8
16
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
INTEGRAL NONLINEARITY
vs. CODE, TA = +125°C
MAX5712 toc07
CODE
INL (LSB)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.0
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
DIFFERENTIAL NONLINEARITY
vs. CODE, TA = +125°C
MAX5712 toc08
CODE
DNL (LSB)
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
0.2
0.0
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.0
0 512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584 4096
TOTAL UNADJUSTED ERROR
vs. CODE, TA = +125°C
MAX5712 toc09
CODE
TUE (%)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
-16
-8
-12
4
0
-4
12
8
16
-40 20 40-20 0 60 80 100 120
WORST CASE INL AND DNL
vs. TEMPERATURE
MAX5712 toc10
TEMPERATURE (°C)
INL/DNL (LSB)
MAXIMUM INL
MINIMUM DNL MINIMUM INL
MAXIMUM DNL
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
0 42 6 8 10 12 14 16
SOURCE-AND-SINK CURRENT
CAPABILITY (VDD = +3V)
MAX5712 toc11
ISOURCE/SINK (mA)
VOUT (V)
CODE = FFF HEX,
SOURCING
CURRENT
FROM OUT
CODE = 400 HEX,
SINKING CURRENT
INTO OUT
CODE = C00 HEX,
SOURCING CURRENT
FROM OUT
CODE = 000 HEX, SINKING
CURRENT INTO OUT
0.0
1.0
0.5
2.0
1.5
3.0
2.5
3.5
4.5
4.0
5.0
0 10 155 20 25 30 35 40
SOURCE-AND-SINK CURRENT
CAPABILITY (VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc12
ISOURCE/SINK (mA)
VOUT (V)
CODE = FFF HEX,
SOURCING
CURRENT
FROM OUT
CODE = 400 HEX,
SINKING CURRENT
INTO OUT
CODE = C00 HEX,
SOURCING CURRENT
FROM OUT
CODE = 000 HEX, SINKING
CURRENT INTO OUT
Maxim Integrated
4
www.maximintegrated.com
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
CDDE
(TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
0
40
20
80
60
100
120
2.7 5.2
SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX5712 toc13
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
3.73.2 4.2 4.7
CODE = FFF HEX
CODE = 000
0
100
50
200
150
250
300
POWER-DOWN SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX5712 toc14
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
POWER-DOWN SUPPLY CURRENT (nA)
2.7 3.7 4.23.2 4.7 5.2
0
200
100
500
400
300
800
700
600
900
0 21 3 4 5
MAX5712 toc15
SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
SUPPLY CURRENT
vs. CS INPUT VOLTAGE
CS INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
VDD = +5V
VDD = +3V
FULL-SCALE SETTLING TIME
(VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc16
VOUT
1V/div
VSCLK
5V/div
1µs/div
CODE 000 TO FFF HEX
R
L
= 5k
C
L
= 200pF
FULL-SCALE SETTLING TIME
(VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc17
VOUT
1V/div
VSCLK
5V/div
2µs/div
CODE FFF HEX TO 000
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
HALF-SCALE SETTLING TIME
(VDD = +3V)
MAX5712 toc18
VOUT
1V/div
VSCLK
5V/div
1µs/div
CODE 400 HEX
TO C00 HEX
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
HALF-SCALE SETTLING TIME
(VDD = +3V)
MAX5712 toc19
VOUT
1V/div
VSCLK
5V/div
1µs/div
CODE C00 HEX
TO 400 HEX
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
EXITING POWER-DOWN
(VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc20
VOUT
1V/div
CODE 800 HEX
VSCLK
5V/div
5µs/div
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
DIGITAL-TO-ANALOG
GLITCH IMPULSE (VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc21
VOUT
10mV/div
500ns/div
CODE 800 HEX
TO 7FF HEX
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
Maxim Integrated
5
www.maximintegrated.com
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PIN NAME FUNCTION
1 VDD Power-Supply Input
2 GND Ground
3DIN Serial-Data Input
4 SCLK Serial-Clock Input
5CS Active Low Chip-Select Input
6 OUT DAC Output Voltage
DIGITAL-TO-ANALOG
GLITCH IMPULSE (VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc22
VOUT
10mV/div
500ns/div
CODE 7FF HEX
TO 800 HEX
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
CLOCK FEEDTHROUGH
(VDD = +5V)
MAX5712 toc23
VOUT
1mV/div
VSCLK
2V/div
500ns/div
RL = 5k
CL = 200pF
Maxim Integrated
6
www.maximintegrated.com
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
Pin Description
Detailed Description
The MAX5712 voltage output, 12-bit DAC, offers a full
12-bit performance in a small 6-pin SOT23 package.
The SOT23 footprint is less than 9mm2. The MAX5712
has less than 1LSB differential nonlinearity error, ensur-
ing monotonic performance. The device uses a simple
3-wire, SPI/QSPI/MICROWIRE and DSP-compatible seri-
al interface that operates up to 20MHz. The MAX5712
incorporates three shutdown modes, making it ideal for
low-power.
Analog Section
The MAX5712 consists of a resistor string, an output buf-
fer, and a POR circuit. Monotonic digital to analog conver-
sion is achieved using a resistor string architecture. Since
VDD is the reference for the MAX5712, the accuracy of
the DAC depends on the accuracy of VDD. The low bias
current of the MAX5712 allows its power to be supplied
by a voltage reference such as the MAX6030. The 12-bit
DAC code is binary-unipolar with 1LSB = VDD/4096.
Output Buffer
The DAC output buffer has a rail-to-rail output and is
capable of driving a 5kΩ resistive load in parallel with a
200pF capacitive load. With a capacitive load of 200pF,
the output buffer slews 0.5V/μs. With a 1/4FS to 3/4FS
output transition, the amplifier output settles to 1/2LSB
in less than 10μs when loaded with 5kΩ in parallel with
200pF. The buffer amplifier is stable with any combination
of resistive loads greater than 5kΩ and capacitive loads
less than 200pF.
Program the input register bits to power-down the device.
The DAC registers are preserved during power-down
and upon wake-up, the DAC output is restored to its pre-
power-down voltage.
Power-On Reset
The MAX5712 has a POR circuit to set the DACs output to
zero when VDD is first applied. This ensures that unwanted
DAC output voltages will not occur immediately following a
system start-up, such as after a loss of power. Upon initial
power-up, an internal power-on-reset circuit ensures that
all DAC registers are cleared, the DAC is powered-down,
and its output is terminated to GND by a 100kΩ resistor.
An 8μs recovery time after issuing a wake-up command is
needed before writing to the DAC registers.
Digital Section
3-Wire Serial Interface
The MAX5712 digital interface is a standard 3-wire
connection compatible with SPI/QSPI/MICROWIRE/DSP
interfaces. The chip-select input (CS) frames the serial
data loading at DIN. Immediately following CS high-to-low
transition, the data is shifted synchronously and latched
into the input register on the falling edge of the serial clock
input (SCLK). After 16 bits have been loaded into the seri-
al input register, it transfers its contents to the DAC latch.
CS may then either be held low or brought high. CS must
be brought high for a minimum of 80ns before the next
write sequence, since a write sequence is initiated on a
falling edge of CS. Not keeping CS low during the first 15
SCLK cycles discards input data. The serial clock (SCLK)
can idle either high or low between transitions. Figure 1
shows the complete 3-wire serial interface transmission.
Table 1 lists serial-interface mapping.
Figure 1. Timing Diagram
tCH
SCLK
CS
DIN
tCL
tDS
tDH tCSH
tCSW
tCSS
SOC3
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
www.maximintegrated.com Maxim Integrated
7
Shutdown Modes
The MAX5712 includes three software-controlled shut-
down modes that reduce the supply current to below 1μA.
In two of the three shutdown modes, OUT is connected to
GND through a resistor. Table 1 lists the three shutdown
modes of operation.
Applications Information
Device Powered by an
External Reference
The MAX5712 generates an output voltage proportional
to VDD, coupling power supply noise to the output. The
circuit in Figure 2 rejects this power-supply noise by
powering the device directly with a precision voltage refer-
ence, improving overall system accuracy. The MAX6030
(+3V, 75ppm) or the MAX6050 (+5V, 75ppm) precision
voltage references are ideal choices due to the low-power
requirements of the MAX5712. This solution is also useful
when the required full-scale output voltage is less than the
available supply voltages.
Digital Inputs and Interface Logic
The 3-wire digital interface for the MAX5712 is compatible
with SPI, QSPI, MICROWIRE, and DSP. The three digital
inputs (CS, DIN, and SCLK) load the digital input serially
into the DAC. All of the digital inputs include Schmitt-
trigger buffers to accept slow-transition interfaces. This
allows optocouplers to interface directly to the MAX5712
without additional external logic. The digital inputs are
compatible with CMOS-logic levels.
Power-Supply Bypassing and Layout
Careful PC board layout is important for optimal system
performance. Keep analog and digital signals separate
to reduce noise injection and digital feedthrough. Use a
ground plane to ensure that the ground return from GND
to the supply ground is short and low impedance. Bypass
VDD with a 0.1μF capacitor to ground as close as possible
to the device.
Table 1. Serial Interface Mapping
Figure 2. MAX5712 Powered By Reference
16-BIT SERIAL WORD
MODE OUTPUTMSB LSB
C3 C2 C1 C0
D11 D10 D09 D08 D07 D06 D05 D04 D03 D02 D01 D00
0 0 0 0 12-Bit DAC Code Set and
update DAC
VOUT = VDD x
CODE/4096
1 1 1 1 X X X X X X X X X X 0 0 Wake-Up Current DAC
setting (initially 0)
1 1 1 1 X X X X X X X X X X 0 1 Power-Down Floating
1 1 1 1 X X X X X X X X X X 1 0 Power-Down 1kΩ to GND
1 1 1 1 X X X X X X X X X X 1 1 Power-Down 100kΩ to GND
VDD
GND
OUT
GND
OUT
MAX6050
MAX6030 MAX5712
IN
GND
SCLK
DIN
1 6 OUT
5
VDD
MAX5712
SOT23
TOP VIEW
2
3 4
CS
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
www.maximintegrated.com Maxim Integrated
8
Pin Configuration
Chip Information
PROCESS: BiCMOS
PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE OUTLINE NO. LAND PATTERN NO.
6 SOT23 U6F-6 21-0058 90-0175
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
www.maximintegrated.com Maxim Integrated
9
Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maximintegrated.com/packages. Note that a “+”,
“#”, or “-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing
pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
REVISION
NUMBER
REVISION
DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES
CHANGED
0 8/01 Initial release
1 10/01 Updated Electrical Characteristics 2
2 11/04 Updated Package Information 9
3 8/13 Updated Ordering Information 1
49/16 Added top mark to Ordering Information table 1
Maxim Integrated cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim Integrated product. No circuit patent licenses
are implied. Maxim Integrated reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits)
shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated and the Maxim Integrated logo are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. © 2016 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
10
MAX5712 Low-Power, 12-Bit, Rail to Rail
Voltage-Output Serial DAC in SOT23
Revision History
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim Integrated’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.

Products related to this Datasheet

IC DAC 12BIT V-OUT SOT23-6
IC DAC 12BIT V-OUT SOT23-6
IC DAC 12BIT V-OUT SOT23-6
IC DAC SERIAL 12BIT 1CH SOT23-6
IC DAC 12BIT V-OUT SOT23-6
IC DAC SERIAL 12BIT 1CH SOT23-6