INMP504 Datasheet by TDK InvenSense

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InvenSense INMP504 FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM INMFSMACEZ—RD‘ -Ao'c to +85'C INMPSMACEZ-Rr -Ao'c to +85'C EV_INMP504«FX r a antes! sa‘es@mvensense com Hw:n~eme m
INMP504
Ultra-Low Noise Microphone with Bottom Port and Analog Output
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The INMP504* is a high-performance, very low noise, low
power, analog output, bottom-ported omnidirectional MEMS
microphone. The INMP504 consists of a MEMS microphone
element, an impedance converter and an output amplifier.
The INMP504 sensitivity specification makes it an excellent
choice for both near field and far field applications. The
INMP504 is function- and pin-compatible with the INMP404
microphone, providing an easy upgrade path.
The INMP504 has very high SNR and extended wideband
frequency response, resulting in natural sound with high
intelligibility. Low current consumption enables long battery
life for portable applications. The INMP504 complies with the
TIA-920 Telecommunications Telephone Terminal Equipment
Transmission Requirements for Wideband Digital Wireline
Telephones standard.
The INMP504 is available in an miniature 3.35 mm × 2.5 mm ×
0.88 mm surface-mount package. It is reflow solder
compatible with no sensitivity degradation. The INMP504 is
halide free.
*Protected by U.S. Patents 7,449,356; 7,825,484; 7,885,423; and 7,961,897.
Other patents are pending.
APPLICATIONS
Smartphones and Feature Phones
Tablet Computers
Teleconferencing Systems
Digital Still and Video Cameras
Bluetooth Headsets
Notebook PCs
Security and Surveillance
FEATURES
3.35 × 2.50 × 0.88 mm Surface-Mount Package
Very High SNR of 65 dBA
Sensitivity of −38 dBV
Flat Frequency Response from 100 Hz to 16 kHz
Low Current Consumption: <250 µA
Single-Ended Analog Output
Omnidirectional Response
High PSR of 70 dBV
Compatible with Sn/Pb and Pb-Free Solder Processes
RoHS/WEEE Compliant
ORDERING INFORMATION
PART
TEMP RANGE
INMP504ACEZ-R0*
40°C to +85°C
INMP504ACEZ-R7
40°C to +85°C
EV_INMP504-FX
* 13” Tape and Reel
7” Tape and reel to be discontinued. Contact sales@invensense.com for
availability.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
OUTPUT
AMPLIFIER
INMP504
POWER
VDD GND
OUTPUT
InvenSense reserves the right to change the detail
specifications as may be required to permit
improvements in the design of its products.
InvenSense Inc.
1745 Technology Drive, San Jose, CA 95110 U.S.A
+1(408) 9887339
www.invensense.com
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
Rev Date: 05/14/2014
InvenSense INMP504
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Description ................................................................................................................................................. 1
Applications ............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Features ................................................................................................................................................................... 1
Functional Block Diagram ........................................................................................................................................ 1
Ordering Information ............................................................................................................................................... 1
Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................................................ 2
Specifications .................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Table 1. Electrical Characteristics ............................................................................................................................ 3
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................................................................................................ 4
Table 2. Absolute Maximum Ratings ....................................................................................................................... 4
ESD Caution ............................................................................................................................................................. 4
Soldering Profile....................................................................................................................................................... 5
Table 3. Recommended Soldering Profile* .............................................................................................................. 5
Pin Configurations And Function Descriptions ............................................................................................................... 6
Table 4. Pin Function Descriptions ........................................................................................................................... 6
Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................................................................................................... 7
Applications Information ................................................................................................................................................ 8
Connecting To Audio Codecs ................................................................................................................................... 8
Supporting Documents ................................................................................................................................................... 9
Evaluation Board User Guide ................................................................................................................................... 9
application notes (product Specific) ........................................................................................................................ 9
Application Notes (general) ..................................................................................................................................... 9
PCB Design And Land Pattern Layout ........................................................................................................................... 10
Handling Instructions .................................................................................................................................................... 11
Pick And Place Equipment ..................................................................................................................................... 11
Reflow Solder ......................................................................................................................................................... 11
Board Wash............................................................................................................................................................ 11
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................................................................................................... 12
Ordering Guide ...................................................................................................................................................... 13
Revision History ..................................................................................................................................................... 13
Compliance Declaration Disclaimer ....................................................................................................................... 14
Page 2 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504 PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN l TVP l MAX UNITS NOTES PERFORMANCE Directionality Omni Sensitivity 1 kHz, 94 dB SPL ,41 738 735 dBV SignaHO-Noise Ratio (SNR) 55 dBA Equivalent Input Noise (EIN) 29 dBA SPL Derived from EIN and maximum acoustic input Low frequency 73 I“! point 100 Hz High frequency 73 dB point >20 kHz Total Harmonic Distortion mm) 105 dB SPL 3 % 217 Hz,100 mVp-p square wave su : 1.8 v Maximum Acoustic Input Peak 120 dB SPL POWER supva Supply Voltage (vDDl 1.5 3.3 v Supply Current (Isl vDD : 1.3 v 180 200 um vDD : 3.3 v 200 225 um Output Current Limit Maximum Output Voltage Noise Floor 20 Hz to 20 kHz, A-weignteo, rms
SPECIFICATIONS
TABLE 1. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(TA = −40 to 85°C, VDD = 1.6 to 3.3 V, unless otherwise noted. All minimum and maximum specifications are guaranteed across
temperature and voltage, and are specified in Table 1, unless otherwise noted. Typical specifications are not guaranteed.)
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
NOTES
PERFORMANCE
Directionality
Omni
Sensitivity
1 kHz, 94 dB SPL
−41
−38
−35
dBV
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)
65
dBA
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN)
29
dBA SPL
Dynamic Range
Derived from EIN and
maximum acoustic input
91 dB
Frequency Response
Low frequency 3 dB point
100
Hz
1
High frequency 3 dB point
>20
kHz
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
105 dB SPL
3
%
Power-Supply Rejection (PSR)
217 Hz, 100 mVp-p square
wave superimposed on VDD
= 1.8 V
70 dBV
Maximum Acoustic Input
Peak
120
dB SPL
POWER SUPPLY
Supply Voltage (VDD)
1.6
3.3
V
Supply Current (IS)
VDD = 1.8 V
180
200
µA
VDD = 3.3 V
200
225
µA
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Impedance (ZOUT) 200
Output DC Offset 0.8 V
Output Current Limit
90 µA
Maximum Output Voltage
120 dB SPL input, peak 0.35 VPEAK
Noise Floor
20 Hz to 20 kHz, A-weighted,
rms
103 dBV
Note 1: See Figure 3 and Figure 4.
Page 3 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504 PARAMETER RATING Supply Voltage mm) 70.3 v ta +3.6 v Saund Pressure Level 15m 150 dB Mechanical Shock 10,000 g Vibratlun Per MlL-STD»883 Method 2007, Test Condltion 3 Operating Temperature Range 740°C to +351 Storage Temperature Range 755°C to +150°c ESD CAUTION A M
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Stress above those listed as Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only
and functional operation of the device at these conditions is not implied. Exposure to the absolute maximum ratings conditions for
extended periods may affect device reliability.
TABLE 2. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
PARAMETER
RATING
Supply Voltage (VDD)
0.3 V to +3.6 V
Sound Pressure Level (SPL)
160 dB
Mechanical Shock
10,000 g
Vibration
Per MIL-STD-883 Method 2007, Test Condition B
Operating Temperature Range
40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range
55°C to +150°C
ESD CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device.
Charged devices and circuit boards can
discharge without detection. Although this
product features patented or proprietary
protection circuitry, damage may occur on
devices subjected to high energy ESD.
Therefore proper ESD precautions should be
taken to avoid performance degradation or
loss of functionality.
Page 4 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504 PROFILE FEATURE Sn63 mm Ph-Free Average Ramp Rate iT toT ) 1.25”C/5ec max 1.25“C/sec max Minimum Temperature 17mm) Minimum Temperature New) PeakTemperature (T) Time Within +5“C of Actual Peak Temperature (m 3°C/sec max 5 min max
SOLDERING PROFILE
Figure 1. Recommended Soldering Profile Limits
TABLE 3. RECOMMENDED SOLDERING PROFILE*
PROFILE FEATURE
Sn63 /Pb37
Pb-Free
Average Ramp Rate (T
L
to T
P
)
1.25°C/sec max
1.25°C/sec max
Preheat
Minimum Temperature
(TSMIN)
100°C 100°C
Minimum Temperature
(TSMIN)
150°C 200°C
Time (TSMIN to TSMAX), tS
60 sec to 75 sec
60 sec to 75 sec
Ramp-Up Rate (T
SMAX
to T
L
) 1.25°C/sec 1.25°C/sec
Time Maintained Above Liquidous (t
L
) 45 sec to 75 sec ~50 sec
Liquidous Temperature (TL) 183°C 217°C
Peak Temperature (T
P
)
215°C +3°C/−3°C 245°C +0°C/5°C
Time Within +5°C of Actual Peak
Temperature (tP)
20 sec to 30 sec 20 sec to 30 sec
Ramp-Down Rate 3°C/sec max
C/sec max
Time +25°C (t25°C) to Peak Temperature 5 min max
5 min max
*The reflow profile in Table 3 is recommended for board manufacturing with InvenSense MEMS microphones. All
microphones are also compatible with the J-STD-020 profile.
t
P
t
L
t
25°C
TO PEAK
t
S
PREHEAT
CRITICAL ZONE
T
L
TO T
P
TEMPERATURE
TIME
RAMP-DOWN
RAMP-UP
T
SMIN
T
SMAX
T
P
T
L
Page 5 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504 Analog Output Signal
PIN CONFIGURATIONS AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
Figure 2. Pin Configuration
TABLE 4. PIN FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
PIN NAME FUNCTION
1
OUTPUT
Analog Output Signal
2 GND
Ground
3 VDD
Power Supply
GND
OUTPUT
TOP VIEW
(TERMINAL SIDE DOWN)
Not to Scale
ADMP504
1
VDD
3
2
Page 6 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 3. Frequency Response Mask
Figure 4. Typical Frequency Response (Measured)
Figure 5. Typical Power Supply Rejection Ratio vs. Frequency
–10
–8
–6
–4
–2
0
2
4
6
8
10
100 10k1k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
SENSITIVITY (dB)
10
–2020
FREQUENCY (Hz)
SENSITIVITY (dB)
100 1k 10k
0
5
–10
–5
–15
0
–80
100 10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
PSR (dB)
1k
–10
–20
–30
–40
–50
–60
–70
Page 7 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
CONNECTING TO AUDIO CODECS
The INMP504 output can be connected to a dedicated codec microphone input (see Figure 6) or to a high input impedance gain
stage (see Figure 7.) A 0.1 µF ceramic capacitor placed close to the INMP504 supply pin is used for testing and is recommended to
adequately decouple the microphone from noise on the power supply. A DC-blocking capacitor is required at the output of the
microphone. This capacitor creates a high-pass filter with a corner frequency at
fC = 1/(2π × C × R)
where R is the input impedance of the codec.
A minimum value of 2.2 µF is recommended in Figure 6 because the input impedance of the codecs can be as low as 2 kΩ at its
highest PGA gain setting, which results in a high-pass filter corner frequency at about 37 Hz. Figure 7 shows the INMP504 connected to
an op amp configured as a non-inverting preamplifier.
Figure 6. INMP504 Connected to a Codec
Figure 7. INMP504 Connected to an Op Amp
GAIN = (R1 + R2)/R1
INMP504
GND
OUTPUT
1µF
MINIMUM
0.1µF
10k
R1 R2
VDD
V
REF
V
OUT
V
REF
AMP
1.8-3.3 V
ADC
OR
CODEC
IN
M
P
504
G
N
D
O
U
T
P
U
T
INPUT
M
I
CB
I
A
S
2
.
2
µ
F
M
I
N
I
M
U
M
0
.
1
µ
F
VDD
Page 8 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504
SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS
For additional information, see the following documents.
EVALUATION BOARD USER GUIDE
UG-325 Analog Output MEMS Microphone Flex Evaluation Board
APPLICATION NOTES (PRODUCT SPECIFIC)
AN-0207 High Performance Analog MEMS Microphone’s Simple Interface to SigmaDSP Audio Codec
AN-0262 Low Noise Analog MEMS Microphone and Preamp with Compression and Noise Gating
APPLICATION NOTES (GENERAL)
AN-1003 Recommendations for Mounting and Connecting the Invensense Bottom-Ported MEMS Microphones
AN-1068 Reflow Soldering of the MEMS Microphone
AN-1112 Microphone Specifications Explained
AN-1124 Recommendations for Sealing Invensense, Bottom-Port MEMS Microphones from Dust and Liquid Ingress
AN-1140 Microphone Array Beamforming
AN-1165 Op Amps for MEMS Microphone Preamp Circuits
AN-1181 Using a MEMS Microphone in a 2-Wire Microphone Circuit
Page 9 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504
PCB DESIGN AND LAND PATTERN LAYOUT
The recommended PCB land pattern for the INMP504 should be laid out to a 1:1 ratio to the solder pads on the microphone
package, as shown in Figure 8. Take care to avoid applying solder paste to the sound hole in the PCB. A suggested solder paste
stencil pattern layout is shown in Figure 9. The diameter of the sound hole in the PCB should be larger than the diameter of the
sound port of the microphone. A minimum diameter of 0.5 mm is recommended.
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Figure 8. PCB Land Pattern Layout
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Figure 9. Suggested Solder Paste Stencil Pattern Layout
Ø1.55
Ø0.95
1.52
0.90
1.90
1.22
0.68
0.61
0.61
1.22
0.8 × 0.6
0.2 × 45
TYP 1.52mm
1.55/1.05 DIA.
0.225 CUT WIDTH (2×)
Page 10 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504
HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS
PICK AND PLACE EQUIPMENT
The MEMS microphone can be handled using standard pick-and-place and chip shooting equipment. Take care to avoid damage to the
MEMS microphone structure as follows:
Use a standard pickup tool to handle the microphone. Because the microphone hole is on the bottom of the package, the
pickup tool can make contact with any part of the lid surface.
Do not pick up the microphone with a vacuum tool that makes contact with the bottom side of the microphone.
Do not pull air out of or blow air into the microphone port.
Do not use excessive force to place the microphone on the PCB.
REFLOW SOLDER
For best results, the soldering profile must be in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer of the solder paste used to
attach the MEMS microphone to the PCB. It is recommended that the solder reflow profile not exceed the limit conditions specified
in Figure 1 and Table 3.
BOARD WASH
When washing the PCB, ensure that water does not make contact with the microphone port. Do not use blow-off procedures or
ultrasonic cleaning.
Page 11 of 14
Document Number: DS-INMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
INMP504 m con: 504 YY XXX /" '\ m mcmuuw cons
INMP504
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
Figure 10. 3-Terminal Chip Array Small Outline No-Lead Cavity [LGA_CAV]
3.35 × 2.50 × 0.88 mm Body
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Figure 11. Package Marking Specification (Top View)
2.575
2.500
2.425
3.425
3.350
3.275
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
REFERENCE
CORNER
0.98
0.88
0.78
0.21 REF
2.21
REF
3.06 REF
0.65 REF
BOT
TOM VIEW
1.08
0.95 DIA.
0.25 NOM
0.20 MINDIA.
THRU HOLE
(SOUND PORT)
1.22 BSC
1.25
0.54
REF
0.64 REF
1.56 DIA.
1.52
0.75 REF
1
3
2
0.90×0.68
(PINS1,3)
0.20 TYP
×45°
0.30 BSC
PIN1
Y
Y
XXX
504
L
O
T TR
A
C
E
ABILITY
C
ODE
PIN 1 INDIC
A
TION
P
A
R
T NUMBER
D
A
TE
C
ODE
Page 12 of 14
Document Number: DS-ADMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504 ORDERING GUIDE PART TEMP RANGE PACKAGE QUANTITY INMP504ACEZ-R01" 410°C to +85“C 3-Termina‘ 10,000 INMPSOIIACEZ-IU‘VL 410°C to +85“C 3-Termina‘ 1,000 EV_INMP504-FX Flex Evaluatmn Board REVISION HISTORY salesfl \nvensensELom
INMP504
ORDERING GUIDE
PART
TEMP RANGE
PACKAGE
QUANTITY
INMP504ACEZ-R01*
40°C to +85°C
3-Terminal
LGA_CAV
10,000
INMP504ACEZ-R71
40°C to +85°C
3-Terminal
LGA_CAV
1,000
EV_INMP504-FX
Flex Evaluation
Board
* 13” Tape and Reel
† – 7” Tape and Reel to be discontinued. Check with sales@invensense.com for availability.
1Z = RoHS-Compliant Part
REVISION HISTORY
REVISION DATE REVISION DESCRIPTION
02/06/2014 1.0 Initial Release
05/14/2014 1.1 Corrected typo in Features section
Page 13 of 14
Document Number: DS-ADMP504-00
Revision: 1.1
InvenSense INMP504 InvenSense
INMP504
COMPLIANCE DECLARATION DISCLAIMER
InvenSense believes the environmental and other compliance information given in this document to be correct but cannot
guarantee accuracy or completeness. Conformity documents substantiating the specifications and component characteristics are on
file. InvenSense subcontracts manufacturing, and the information contained herein is based on data received from vendors and
suppliers, which has not been validated by InvenSense.
This information furnished by InvenSense, Inc. is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by
InvenSense for its use, or for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications
are subject to change without notice. InvenSense reserves the right to make changes to this product, including its circuits and
software, in order to improve its design and/or performance, without prior notice. InvenSense makes no warranties, neither
expressed nor implied, regarding the information and specifications contained in this document. InvenSense assumes no
responsibility for any claims or damages arising from information contained in this document, or from the use of products and
services detailed therein. This includes, but is not limited to, claims or damages based on the infringement of patents, copyrights,
mask work and/or other intellectual property rights.
Certain intellectual property owned by InvenSense and described in this document is patent protected. No license is granted by
implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of InvenSense. This publication supersedes and replaces all information
previously supplied. Trademarks that are registered trademarks are the property of their respective companies. InvenSense sensors
should not be used or sold in the development, storage, production or utilization of any conventional or mass-destructive weapons
or for any other weapons or life threatening applications, as well as in any other life critical applications such as medical equipment,
transportation, aerospace and nuclear instruments, undersea equipment, power plant equipment, disaster prevention and crime
prevention equipment.
©2014 InvenSense, Inc. All rights reserved. InvenSense, MotionTracking, MotionProcessing, MotionProcessor, MotionFusion,
MotionApps, DMP, AAR, and the InvenSense logo are trademarks of InvenSense, Inc. Other company and product names may be
trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.
©2014 InvenSense, Inc. All rights reserved.
Page 14 of 14
Document Number: DS-ADMP504-00
Revision: 1.1

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