DS1804 Datasheet by Maxim Integrated

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FEATURES
Single 100-Position Taper Potentiometer
Nonvolatile (NV) On-Demand Wiper
Storage
Operates from 3V or 5V Supplies
Up/Down, Increment-Controlled Interface
Available in 8-Pin (300 mils) DIP, 8-Pin
(150 mils) SO, and 8-Pin (118 mils) µSOP
-40°C to +85°C Operating Temperature
Range
Standard Resistance Values:
DS1804-010: 10k
DS1804-050: 50k
DS1804-100: 100k
PIN ASSIGNMENT
PIN DESCRIPTION
H - High-Terminal of Potentiometer
L - Low-Terminal of Potentiometer
W - Wiper of Potentiometer
VCC - 3V or 5V Power Supply
CS
- Chip Select
U/
D
- Up/Down Control
INC
- Increment/Decrement Wiper Control
GND - Ground
DESCRIPTION
The DS1804 NV trimmer potentiometer is a nonvolatile digital potentiometer that has 100 positions. The
device provides an ideal method for low-cost trimming applications using a CPU or manual control input
with minimal external circuitry. Wiper position of the DS1804 can be stored in EEPROM memory on
demand. The device’s wiper position is manipulated by a three-terminal port that provides an increment/
decrement counter controlled interface. This port consists of the control inputs
CS
,
INC
, and U/
D
. The
DS1804 is available in three resistor grades, which include a 10k, 50k, and 100k. The device is
provided in an industrial temperature grade. Additionally, the DS1804 will operate from 3V or 5V
supplies and is ideal for portable application requirements. Three packaging options are available and
include the 8-pin (300 mils) DIP, 8-pin (150 mils) SO, and 8-pin (118 mils) μSOP.
DS1804
Nonvolatile Trimmer Potentiometer
19-5876; Rev 6/11
INC 1 8 VCC
U/D 2 7 CS
H 3 6 L
GND 4 5 W
DIP (300 mils)
SO (150 mils)
μSOP (118 mils)
C \ U \ U \
DS1804
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OPERATION
The DS1804 is a single nonvolatile potentiometer. The device has a total of 100 tap-points including the
L- and H- terminals. A total of 99 resistive segments exist between the L- and H- terminals. These tap-
points are accessible to the W-terminal, whose position is controlled via a three-terminal control port. A
block diagram of the DS1804 is shown in Figure 1.
The three-terminal port of the DS1804 provides an increment/decrement interface which is activated via a
chip-select input. This interface consists of the input signals
CS
,
INC
, and U/
D
. These input signals
control a 7-bit up/down counter. The output of the 7-bit up/down counter controls a 1 of 100 decoder to
select wiper position. Additionally, this interface provides for a wiper storage operation using the
CS
and
INC
input control pins. The timing diagram for the three-terminal interface control is shown in Figure 2.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
VCC - Power Supply. The DS1804 will support supply voltages ranging from +2.7V to +5.5V.
GND - Ground.
H - High-Terminal Potentiometer. This is the high terminal of the potentiometer. It is not required that
this terminal be connected to a potential greater than the L-terminal. Voltage applied to the H-terminal
cannot exceed the power-supply voltage, VCC, or go below ground.
L - Low-Terminal Potentiometer. This is the low terminal of the potentiometer. It is not required that this
terminal be connected to a potential less than the H-terminal. Voltage applied to the L-terminal cannot
exceed the power-supply voltage, VCC, or go below ground.
W - Wiper of the Potentiometer. This pin is the wiper of the potentiometer. Its position on the resistor
array is controlled by the three-terminal control port. Voltage applied to the wiper cannot exceed the
power-supply voltage, VCC, or go below ground.
CS
- Chip Select. The
CS
input is used to activate the control port of the DS1804. This input is active
low. When in a high-state, activity on the
INC
and U/
D
port pins will not affect or change wiper
position.
INC
- Wiper Movement Control. This input provides for wiper position changes when the
CS
pin is low.
Wiper position changes of the W-terminal will occur one position per high-to-low transition of this input
signal. Position changes will not occur if the
CS
pin is in a high state.
U/
D
- Up/Down Control. This input sets the direction of wiper movement. When in a high state and
CS
is low, any high-to-low transition on
INC
will cause a one position movement of the wiper towards the
H-terminal. When in a low state and
CS
is low, any high-to-low transitions on
INC
will cause the
position of the wiper to move towards the L-terminal.
comm Loam nun mom-1 MULTIPLEXER
DS1804
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DS1804 BLOCK DIAGRAM Figure 1
POWER-UP/POWER-DOWN CONDITIONS
On power-up, the DS1804 will load the value of EEPROM memory into the wiper position register (or 1
of 100 decoder). The value of this register can then be set to another wiper position if desired, by using
the three-terminal control port. On power-up, wiper position will be loaded within a maximum time
period of 500µs once the power-supply is stable. Additionally, the three-terminal interface port will be
active after 50ms.
On power-down, the wiper position register data will be lost. On the next device power-up, the value of
EEPROM memory will be loaded into the wiper position register.
On shipment from the factory, Maxim Integrated Products does not guarantee a specified EEPROM
memory value. This value should be set by the customer as needed.
NONVOLATILE WIPER STORAGE
Wiper position of the DS1804 can be stored using the
INC
and
CS
inputs. Storage of the wiper position
takes place whenever the
CS
input transitions from low-to-high while the
INC
is high. Once this
condition has occurred the value of the current wiper position will be written to EEPROM memory.
The DS1804 is specified to accept 50,000 writes to EEPROM over 0°C to 70ºC before a wear-out
condition. After wear-out the DS1804 will still function and wiper position can be changed during
powered conditions using the three-terminal control port. However, on power-up the wiper-position will
be indeterminate.
ONE-TIME PROGRAMMABILITY (OTP)
The DS1804 can be easily used as an OTP device. The user of the DS1804 can trim the desired value of
the wiper position and set this position for storage as described above. Any activity through the three-
terminal port can then be prevented by connecting the
CS
input pin to VCC. Also, an OTP application
does not adversely affect the number of times EEPROM is written, since EEPROM will only be loaded
and not written during a power-up or power-down condition.
On power-up, the DS1804 will load the current value of EEPROM memory into the wiper position
register.
Vcc
DS1804
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ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Voltage on Any Pin Relative to Ground -1.0V to +6.0V
Operating Temperature Range -40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range -55°C to +125°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) +300°C
Soldering Temperature (reflow) +260°C
This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation
sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time may affect
reliability.
RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS
(TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES
Supply Voltage VCC +2.7 5.5 V 1
Input Logic 1 VIH 2.0 VCC + 0.3 V 1, 2
Input Logic 0 VIL -0.3 +0.8
+0.6
V 1, 15
Resistor Inputs L, H, W VGND - 0.2 VCC + 0.2 V 1, 3
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES
Supply Current ICC 400 µA 4
Input Leakage ILI -1 +1 µA
Wiper Resistance RW 400 1000
Wiper Current IW 1 mA
Standby Current:
3V
5V ISTBY 10
20 48 µA
µA 5
Wiper Load Time tWLT 500 µs 6
Power-Up Time tPU 50 ms 14
Vcc Vcc
DS1804
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ANALOG RESISTOR CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES
End-to-End Resistor Tolerance -20 +20 % 8
Absolute Linearity ±0.6 LSB 9
Relative Linearity ±0.25 LSB 10
-3dB Cutoff Frequency fCUTOFF MHz 11
Temperature Coefficient 750 ppm/°C
CAPACITANCE
(VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES
Input Capacitance CIN 5 pF 12
Output Capacitance COUT 7 pF 12
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES
CS
to
INC
Setup tCI 50 ns 13
U/
D
to
INC
Setup tDI 100 ns 13
INC
Low Period tIL 50 ns 13
INC
High Period tIH 100 ns 13
INC
inactive to
CS
Inactive tIC 500 ns 13
CS
Deselect Time tCPH 100 ns 13
Wiper Change to
INC
Low tIW 200 ns 13
INC
Rise and Fall Times tR, tF 500 µs 13
INC
Low to
CS
Inactive tIK 50 ns 16
Wiper Storage Time tWST 10 ms 13, 17
U \
DS1804
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NOTES:
1) All voltages are referenced to ground.
2) Valid for VCC = 5V only.
3) Resistor input voltages cannot go below ground or exceed VCC by the amounts as shown in the table.
4) Maximum current specifications are based on the clock rate of
INC
input. This specification
represents the current required when changing the wiper position.
5) Standby current levels apply when all inputs are driven to appropriate supply levels.
CS
,
INC
, U/
D
=
VCC.
6) Wiper load time is specified as the time required for the DS1804 to load the wiper position with the
contents of nonvolatile memory once VCC has reached a stable operating voltage equal to or greater
than 2.7V.
7) The DS1804 is available in three resistor values. These include the DS1804-010, 10k; the DS1804-
050, 50k; and the DS1804-100, 100k.
8) Valid at TA = +25°C only.
9) Absolute linearity is used to compare measured wiper voltage versus expected wiper voltage as
determined by wiper position. The DS1804 is specified to provide an absolute linearity of ±0.60 LSB.
10) Relative linearity is used to determined the change in voltage between successive tap positions. The
DS1804 is specified to provide a relative linearity specification of ±0.25 LSB.
11) -3dB cutoff frequency characteristics for the DS1804 depend on potentiometer total resistance.
DS1804-010, 1MHz; DS1804-050, 200kHz; and DS1804-100, 100kHz.
12) Capacitance values apply at TA = +25°C.
13) See Figure 2.
14) Power-up time is specified as the time required before the three-terminal control becomes active after
a stable power supply level has been reached.
15) At VCC = 2.7V, VIL = 0.8V.
16) The
INC
low to
CS
inactive is specified to be 50ns minimum. This is the transition condition which
allows the DS1804 three-terminal port to become inactive without writing the EEPROM memory of
the part.
17) Wiper Storage Time, tWST, is the time require for the DS1804 to write EEPROM memory for storage
of a new wiper position. The maximum time required to accomplish this task is specified at 10ms.
WIPER Now-smmas comm" F7777 us w L7#AJ L___UJ lm Vw
DS1804
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THREE-TERMINAL INTERFACE TIMING DIAGRAM Figure 2
ORDERING INFORMATION
PART
VERSION (kΩ)
TEMP RANGE
PIN-PACKAGE
DS1804-010+ 10 -40°C to +85°C 8 DIP (300 mils)
DS1804-050+ 50 -40°C to +85°C 8 DIP (300 mils)
DS1804-100+ 100 -40°C to +85°C 8 DIP (300 mils)
DS1804Z-010+ 10 -40°C to +85°C 8 SO (150 mils)
DS1804Z-050+ 50 -40°C to +85°C 8 SO (150 mils)
DS1804Z-100+ 100 -40°C to +85°C 8 SO (150 mils)
DS1804U-010+ 10 -40°C to +85°C 8 µSOP (118 mils)
DS1804U-050+ 50 -40°C to +85°C 8 µSOP (118 mils)
DS1804U-100+ 100 -40°C to +85°C 8 µSOP (118 mils)
+Denotes a lead(Pb)/RoHS-compliant package.
Tflfl Tflfl Jug gum
DS1804
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BRANDING INFORMATION Figure 3
DS1804m
yywwrv
###xx
1804
rvnnn
Top Brand Bottom Brand
8-pin
DIP
8-pin
SOIC
8-pin
uSOP
cccccc
yyww
###xx
DS1804 Brand Codes
Code Description Values
nnn Pot Size (DIP/uSOP) 010 10k ohm
050 50k ohm
100 100k ohm
mPot Size (SOIC) X10k ohm
L50k ohm
C100k ohm
yyww Date Code. It identifies the year
and work week the device was
assembled
eg. 0035 is the 35th work week
of 2000
rv Die Revision Generally this is a letter followed
by a number (eg. B2)
###xx Lot Code
cccccc Country of Assembly
cccccc
DS1804-nnn
yywwrv
###xx
www.maxim ‘.c0m/Qackages 21-0043 21-0041 90-0096 21-0036 90-0092
DS1804
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PACKAGE INFORMATION
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages.
Note that a+”,#”, or-” in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a
different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.
PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE OUTLINE NO. LAND PATTERN NO.
8 DIP P8+2 21-0043
8 SO S8+2 21-0041 90-0096
8 µSOP U8+3 21-0036 90-0092
DS1804
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Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim
reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600
© 2011 Maxim Integrated Products Maxim is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
REVISION HISTORY
REVISION
DATE DESCRIPTION PAGES
CHANGED
6/11
Removed the flip chip package option 1, 7
Updated the soldering temperature information and added lead
temperature information in the Absolute Maximum Ratings section 4
Changed VIH(MAX) from VCC + 0.5V to VCC + 0.3V, changed VIL(MIN)
from -0.5V to -0.3V, changed the resistor inputs min from GND - 0.5V to
VGND - 0.2V and max from VCC + 0.5V to VCC + 0.2V in the
Recommended DC Operating Conditions table
4
Updated the Ordering Information table to include lead-free options 7
Added the Package Information table 9

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