MIC33153 Eval Board User Guide Datasheet by Microchip Technology

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E'I'IIEREU www.mxcrel.com
MIC33153 Evaluation Board
4MHz 1.2A PWM Buck Regulator with
HyperLight Load™ and Power Good
HyperLight Load is a trademark of Micrel, Inc.
MLF and MicroLeadFrame are trademarks of Amkor Technology, Inc.
Micrel Inc. • 2180 Fortune Drive • San Jose, CA 95131 • USA • tel +1 (408) 944-0800 • fax + 1 (408) 474-1000 • http://www.micrel.com
December 2010 M9999-121710-
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General Description
This board enables the evaluation of the MIC33153, a
fully integrated 1.2A, 4MHz switching regulator featuring
HyperLight Load™ mode, Power Good (PG) output
indicator, and programmable soft start. The MIC33153 is
highly efficient throughout the entire output current
range, drawing just 22µA of quiescent current in
operation. The tiny 3.5mm x 3.0mm x 0.9mm MLF®
package, in combination with the 4MHz switching
frequency, enables a compact sub 1mm height solution
with only two external input and output capacitors. The
MIC33153 provides accurate output voltage regulation
under the most demanding conditions and responds
extremely quickly to a load transient with exceptionally
small output voltage ripple.
Datasheets and support documentation can be found on
Micrel’s web site at: www.micrel.com.
Requirements
This board needs a single 5W bench power source
adjustable from 2.7V to 5.5V. The loads can either be
active (electronic load) or passive (resistor) with the
capability to dissipate 5W. It is ideal to have an
oscilloscope available to view the circuit waveforms, but
not essential. For the simplest tests two voltage meters
are required to measure input and output voltage. For
efficiency measurements two voltage meters and two
ammeters are required to prevent errors due to
measurement inaccuracies.
Precautions
There is no reverse input protection on this board. Be
cautious when connecting the input source to ensure
correct polarity is observed.
Getting Started
1. Connect an external supply to the VIN (TP4)
terminal and GND (TP3). With the output of the
power supply disabled, set its voltage to the desired
input test voltage (2.7V VIN 5.5V). An ammeter
may be placed between the input supply and the VIN
(TP4) terminal. Be sure to monitor the supply
voltage at the VIN (TP4) terminal, as the ammeter
and/or power lead resistance can reduce the
voltage supplied to the device.
2. Connect a load to the VOUT (TP1) and ground (TP
2) terminals. The load can be either active passive
(resistive) or active (electronic load). An ammeter
may be placed between the load and the output
terminal. Ensure the output voltage is monitored at
the VOUT (TP1) terminal.
3. Enable the MIC33153. The MIC33153 evaluation
board has a pull up resistor (R4) to VIN. By default,
the output voltage will be enabled when the input
supply of >2.7V is applied. To disable the device,
apply a voltage below 0.5V to the EN (TP6)
terminal.
4. Power Good (PG). A PG test point (TP5) is
provided to monitor the Power Good function. The
PG output will go high (VOUT) approximately 70µs
after the output voltage reaches 92% of its nominal
voltage.
Ordering Information
Part Number Description
MIC33153-4YHJ 1.2V Fixed Output Evaluation Board
MIC33153YHJ Adjustable Output Evaluation Board
Micrel, Inc. MIC33153 Evaluation Board
December 2010 2 M9999-121710-
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Soft start Capacitor
The MIC33153 has a nominal 270k resistor charging
the capacitor on the SS pin. This enables the output to
follow a controlled soft start characteristic. Setting C3 to
100pF sets the startup time to the minimum. The startup
time can be determined by:
TSS = 270 x 103 x ln(10) x CSS
The action of the soft start capacitor is to control the rise
time of the internal reference voltage between 0% and
100% of its nominal steady state value.
Feedback Resistors (R1, R2) for Adjustable Output
The output voltage is set nominally to 1.8V. This output
can be changed by adjusting the upper resistor, R1, in
the feedback potential divider. Therefore:
R1 = R2 × VREF/(VO VREF)
where VREF = 0.62V.
Some example values are:
VOUT R1 R2
1.2V 274k 294k
1.5V 316k 221k
1.8V 301k 158k
2.5V 324k 107k
3.3V 309k 71.5k
The feed forward capacitor, C4, is typically not fitted
given that transient load regulation is already very good.
However, it can be improved slightly by fitting a
capacitor at C4 to inject fast output voltage deviations
directly into the feedback comparator. This improved
load regulation occurs at the expense of slightly
increasing the amount of noise on the output at higher
loads. Values between 100pF and 1nF are
recommended to prevent instability.
Power Good (PG)
The evaluation board has a test point provided to the
right of EN for testing PG. This is an open drain
connection with an on board pull up resistor of 10k to
the output voltage. This is asserted high approximately
70µs after the output voltage passes 92% of the nominal
set voltage.
HyperLight Load™ Mode
The MIC33153 uses a minimum on and off time
proprietary control loop (patented by Micrel). When the
output voltage falls below the regulation threshold, the
error comparator begins a switching cycle that turns the
PMOS on and keeps it on for the duration of the
minimum on time. This increases the output voltage. If
the output voltage is over the regulation threshold, then
the error comparator turns the PMOS off for a minimum
off time until the output drops below the threshold. The
NMOS acts as an ideal rectifier that conducts when the
PMOS is off. Using a NMOS switch instead of a diode
allows for lower voltage drop across the switching
device when it is on. The asynchronous switching
combination between the PMOS and the NMOS allows
the control loop to work in discontinuous mode for light
load operations. In discontinuous mode, the MIC33153
works in pulse frequency modulation (PFM) to regulate
the output. As the output current increases, the off time
decreases, thus provides more energy to the output.
This switching scheme improves the efficiency of
MIC33153 during light load currents by only switching
when it is needed. As the load current increases, the
MIC33153 goes into continuous conduction mode
(CCM) and switches at a frequency centered at 4MHz.
The equation to calculate the load when the MIC33153
goes into continuous conduction mode may be
approximated by the following formula:
ILOAD >
(
)
f×2L
D×VV OUTIN
As shown in the above equation, the load at which
MIC33153 transitions from HyperLight Load™ mode to
PWM mode is a function of the input voltage (VIN),
output voltage (VOUT), duty cycle (D), inductance (L) and
frequency (f). For example, if VIN = 3.6V, VOUT = 1.8V, D
= 0.5, f = 4MHz and the internal inductance of
MIC33153 is 0.47μH, then the device will enter
HyperLight Load™ mode or PWM mode at
approximately 200mA.
”1 R3 10k Ml033153-XYHJ TP4 TP1 VIN om VIN '3 l 3 5, 6. 7 VOUT R4 C1 SNS 10k $4 7pF/6.3V 12 02 SW —>< 4,7pf/63v="" m="" 13="" a‘="" 9.="" 10="" gnd="" nc="" —="">< 14="" ss="" 1="" c3="" 47upf="" pgnd="" agnd="" 4="" 2="" tf'3="" wwwmk="" com="" www="" muratamm="" www,vushay="" com="" www.micrel.com="">
Micrel, Inc. MIC33153 Evaluation Board
December 2010 3 M9999-121710-
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MIC33153-xYMT Evaluation Board Schematic (Fixed Output)
Bill of Materials
Item Part Number Manufacturer Description Qty.
C1608X5R0J475K TDK(1)
C1, C2 GRM188R60J475KE19D Murata(2) Ceramic Capacitor, 4.7µF, 6.3V, X5R, Size 0603 2
C3 C1608NPO0J471K TDK(1) Ceramic Capacitor, 470pF, 6.3V, NPO, Size 0603 1
R3, R4 CRCW06031002FKEA Vishay(3) Resistor, 10k, Size 0603 2
U1 MIC33153-xYHJ Micrel, Inc.(4) 4MHz 1.2A Buck Regulator with HyperLight Load™
Mode and Fixed Output Voltage 1
Notes:
1. TDK: www.tdk.com.
2. Murata: www.murata.com.
3. Vishay: www.vishay.com.
4. Micrel, Inc.: www.micrel.com.
U1 Mlcmsa-VHJ TP4 VIN '3 l 3 VIN ouT R4 C1 10k $4 7pF/6.3V 5N5 SW 13 FB 55 PGND AGND 4i 2 TF'3 GND '3 cz 4.7pF/s,3v c4 NOT FH—I'ED TP1 VOUT TP2 GND wwwmk com www muratamm www,vushay com www.micrel.com
Micrel, Inc. MIC33153 Evaluation Board
December 2010 4 M9999-121710-
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MIC33153 Evaluation Board Schematic (Adjustable Output)
Bill of Materials
Item Part Number Manufacturer Description Qty.
C1608X5R0J475K TDK(1)
C1, C2 GRM188R60J475KE19D Murata(2) Ceramic Capacitor, 4.7µF, 6.3V, X5R, Size 0603 2
C3 C1608NPO0J471K TDK(1) Ceramic Capacitor, 470pF, 6.3V, NPO, Size 0603 1
C4 Not Fitted (NF) 0
R1 CRCW06033013FKEA Vishay(3) Resistor, 301k, Size 0603 1
R2 CRCW06031583FKEA Vishay(3) Resistor, 158k, Size 0603 1
R3, R4 CRCW06031002FKEA Vishay(3) Resistor, 10k, Size 0603 2
U1 MIC33153-YHJ Micrel, Inc.(4) 4MHz 1.2A Buck Regulator with HyperLight Load™
Mode and Adjustable Output Voltage 1
Notes:
1. TDK: www.tdk.com.
2. Murata: www.murata.com.
3. Vishay: www.vishay.com.
4. Micrel, Inc.: www.micrel.com.
fl ICR *: L,Inc.
Micrel, Inc. MIC33153 Evaluation Board
December 2010 5 M9999-121710-
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PCB Layout Recommendations
Top Layer
Bottom Layer
EB hugJ/www micrel.com
Micrel, Inc. MIC33153 Evaluation Board
December 2010 6 M9999-121710-
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MICREL, INC. 2180 FORTUNE DRIVE SAN JOSE, CA 95131 USA
TEL +1 (408) 944-0800 FAX +1 (408) 474-1000 WEB http://www.micrel.com
Micrel makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information furnished in this data sheet. This
information is not intended as a warranty and Micrel does not assume responsibility for its use. Micrel reserves the right to change circuitry,
specifications and descriptions at any time without notice. No license, whether express, implied, arising by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual
property rights is granted by this document. Except as provided in Micrel’s terms and conditions of sale for such products, Micrel assumes no
liability whatsoever, and Micrel disclaims any express or implied warranty relating to the sale and/or use of Micrel products including liability or
warranties relating to fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, or infringement of any patent, copyright or other intellectual property right.
Micrel Products are not designed or authorized for use as components in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of a
product can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems that (a) are intended for
surgical implant into the body or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury
to the user. A Purchaser’s use or sale of Micrel Products for use in life support appliances, devices or systems is a Purchaser’s own risk and
Purchaser agrees to fully indemnify Micrel for any damages resulting from such use or sale.
© 2010 Micrel, Incor
p
orated.

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