FT234XD Datasheet by FTDI, Future Technology Devices International Ltd

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FT234XD USE TO BASIC UART IC
Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 1
FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
Version 1.2
Document No.: FT_000753 Clearance No.: FTDI#324
Future Technology
Devices International
Ltd.
FT234XD
(USB to BASIC UART IC)
The FT234XD is a USB to serial UART
interface with optimised packaging (3mm
x 3mm 12 pin DFN) for smaller PCB
designs and the following advanced
features:
Single chip USB to asynchronous serial data
transfer interface.
Entire USB protocol handled on the chip. No USB
specific firmware programming required.
Fully integrated 2048 byte multi-time-
programmable (MTP) memory, storing device
descriptors and CBUS I/O configuration.
Fully integrated clock generation with no external
crystal required plus optional clock output selection
enabling a glue-less interface to external MCU or
FPGA.
Data transfer rates from 300 baud to 3 Mbaud
(RS422, RS485, and RS232) at TTL levels.
512 byte receive buffer and 512 byte transmit
buffer utilising buffer smoothing technology to
allow for high data throughput.
FTDI’s royalty-free Virtual Com Port (VCP) and
Direct (D2XX) drivers eliminate the requirement
for USB driver development in most cases.
Configurable CBUS I/O pin.
Transmit and receive LED drive signals.
UART interface support for 7 or 8 data bits, 1 or 2
stop bits and odd / even / mark / space / no parity
Synchronous and asynchronous bit bang interface
options with RD# and WR# strobes.
USB Battery Charging Detection. Allows for USB
peripheral devices to detect the presence of a
higher power source to enable improved
charging.
Device supplied pre-programmed with unique
USB serial number.
USB Power Configurations; supports bus- powered,
self-powered and bus-powered with power switching
Integrated +3.3V level converter for USB I/O.
True 3.3V CMOS drive output and TTL input;
Operates down to 1V8 with external pull ups.
Tolerant of 5V input.
Configurable I/O pin output drive strength;
4 mA (min) and 16 mA (max).
Integrated power-on-reset circuit.
Fully integrated AVCC supply filtering - no
external filtering required.
UART signal inversion option.
+ 5V Single Supply Operation.
Internal 3.3V/1.8V LDO regulators
Low operating and USB suspend current;
8mA (active-typ) and 70uA (suspend-typ).
UHCI/OHCI/EHCI host controller compatible.
USB 2.0 Full Speed compatible.
Extended operating temperature range; -40 to
85C.
Available in compact Pb-free 12 pin DFN package
(3mm x 3mm) RoHS compliant.
Neither the whole nor any part of the information contained in, or the product described in this manual, may be adapted or reproduced in any material or electronic form
without the prior written consent of the copyright holder. This product and its documentation are supplied on an as-is basis and no warranty as to their suitability for any
particular purpose is either made or implied. Future Technology Devices International Ltd will not accept any claim for damages howsoever arising as a result of use or failure
of this product. Your statutory rights are not affected. This product or any variant of it is not intended for use in any medical appliance, device or system in which the failure of
the product might reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. This document provides preliminary information that may be subject to change without notice. No
freedom to use patents or other intellectual property rights is implied by the publication of this document. Future Technology Devices International Ltd, Unit 1, 2 Seaward
Place, Centurion Business Park, Glasgow G41 1HH United Kingdom. Scotland Registered Company Number: SC136640
FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC . USB Instrumentation . Linux 2‘4 and greater - Android(J2>
Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 2
FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
Version 1.2
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1 Typical Applications
USB to RS232/RS422/RS485 Converters
Upgrading Legacy Peripherals to USB
Utilising USB to add system modularity
Incorporate USB interface to enable PC
transfers for development system
communication
Cellular and Cordless Phone USB data transfer
cables and interfaces
Interfacing MCU/PLD/FPGA based designs to
add USB connectivity
USB Audio and Low Bandwidth Video data
transfer
USB Smart Card Readers
USB Instrumentation
USB Industrial Control
USB FLASH Card Reader and Writers
Set Top Box PC - USB interface
USB Wireless Modems
USB Bar Code Readers
USB dongle implementations for Software/
Hardware Encryption and Wireless Modules
Detection of dedicated charging port for battery
charging at higher supply currents.
1.1 Driver Support
Royalty free VIRTUAL COM PORT
(VCP) DRIVERS for...
Windows 10 32,64-bit
Windows 8/8.1 32,64-bit
Windows 7 32,64-bit
Windows Vista and Vista 64-bit
Windows XP and XP 64-bit
Windows 98, 98SE, ME, 2000, Server 2003, XP,
Server 2008 and server 2012 R2
Windows XP Embedded
Windows CE 4.2, 5.0 and 6.0
Mac OS 8/9, OS-X
Linux 2.4 and greater
Royalty free D2XX Direct Drivers
(USB Drivers + DLL S/W Interface)
Windows 10 32,64-bit
Windows 8/8.1 32,64-bit
Windows 7 32,64-bit
Windows Vista and Vista 64-bit
Windows XP and XP 64-bit
Windows 98, 98SE, ME, 2000, Server 2003, XP,
Server 2008 and server 2012 R2
Windows XP Embedded
Windows CE 4.2, 5.0 and 6.0
Linux 2.4 and greater
Android(J2xx)
The drivers listed above are all available to download for free from FTDI website (www.ftdichip.com).
Various 3rd party drivers are also available for other operating systems - see FTDI website
(www.ftdichip.com) for details.
For driver installation, please refer to http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/InstallGuides.htm
1.2 Part Numbers
Package
12 Pin DFN
Note: Packing codes for x is:
- R: Taped and Reel - 5,000pcs per reel.
- T: Tray packing - 490pcs per tray.
FTDI FT234XD USE TO BASIC UART Ic CENTIFIED
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FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
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1.3 USB Compliant
The FT234XD is fully compliant with the USB 2.0 specification and has been given the USB-IF Test-ID
(TID) 40001465 (Rev D).
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c 1. Chip
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2 FT234XD Block Diagram
3.3 Volt LDO
Regulator 1.8 Volt LDO
Regulator
USB
Transceiver
with
Integrated
1.5k pullups
and battery
charge
detection
USB DPLL
Internal
12MHz
Oscillator
X4 Clock
Multiplier
Serial Interface
Engine
(SIE)
USB
Protocol Engine UART FIFO
Controller
UART Controller
with
Programmable
Signal Inversion
Baud Rate
Generator
Reset
Generator
FIFO TX Buffer
(512 bytes)
FIFO RX Buffer
(512 bytes)
Internal MTP
Memory
48MHz
GND
RESET#
To USB Transceiver Cell
3V3OUT
48MHz
3V3OUT
VCC
USBDP
USBDM
1V8 Internal
Core Supply
TXD
RXD
RTS#
CTS#
CBUS0
Figure 2.1 FT234XD Block Diagram
For a description of each function please refer to Section 4.
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c Chip
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Table of Contents
1 Typical Applications ...................................................................... 2
1.1 Driver Support .................................................................................... 2
1.2 Part Numbers...................................................................................... 2
1.3 USB Compliant .................................................................................... 3
2 FT234XD Block Diagram ............................................................... 4
3 Device Pin Out and Signal Description .......................................... 7
3.1 12-Pin DFN Package .......................................................................... 7
3.1.1 DFN Package PinOut Description .................................................................................... 7
3.2 CBUS Signal Options ........................................................................... 9
4 Function Description................................................................... 11
4.1 Key Features ..................................................................................... 11
4.2 Functional Block Descriptions ........................................................... 11
5 Devices Characteristics and Ratings ........................................... 14
5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................... 14
5.2 DC Characteristics............................................................................. 15
5.3 MTP Memory Reliability Characteristics ............................................ 19
5.4 Internal Clock Characteristics ........................................................... 19
6 USB Power Configurations .......................................................... 20
6.1 USB Bus Powered Configuration ...................................................... 20
6.2 Self Powered Configuration .............................................................. 21
6.3 USB Bus Powered with Power Switching Configuration .................... 22
7 Application Examples ................................................................. 23
7.1 USB to RS232 Converter ................................................................... 23
7.2 USB to RS485 Coverter ..................................................................... 24
7.3 USB to RS422 Converter ................................................................... 25
7.4 USB Battery Charging Detection ....................................................... 26
7.5 LED Interface .................................................................................... 27
8 Internal MTP Memory Configuration ........................................... 28
8.1 Default Values .................................................................................. 28
8.2 Methods of Programming the MTP Memory ....................................... 29
8.2.1 Programming the MTP memory over USB ...................................................................... 29
8.3 Memory Map ..................................................................................... 30
9 Package Parameters ................................................................... 31
9.1 DFN-12 Package Mechanical Dimensions .......................................... 31
9.2 DFN-12 Package Markings ................................................................ 32
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c Chip
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9.3 Solder Reflow Profile ........................................................................ 33
10 Contact Information ................................................................... 34
Appendix A References ........................................................................... 35
Appendix B - List of Figures and Tables ..................................................... 36
Appendix C - Revision History .................................................................... 37
FTDI FT234XD USE TO BASIC UART 1c
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3 Device Pin Out and Signal Description
3.1 12-Pin DFN Package
VCCIO 9
GND
5
RTS# 8
CTS# 11
USBDP
12 USBDM
1
3V3OUT
3
RESET#
2
VCC 4
CBUS0 6
13
TXD 7
RXD 10
GND
Figure 3.1 DFN Schematic Symbol
3.1.1 DFN Package PinOut Description
Note: # denotes an active low signal.
Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
4
**
VCC
POWER
Input
5 V (or 3.3V) supply to IC
9
VCCIO
POWER
Input
1.8V 3.3V supply for the IO cells
3
**
3.3VOUT
POWER
Output
3.3V output at 50mA. May be used to power VCCIO.
When VCC is 3.3V; pin 3 is an input pin and should be
connected to pin 4.
5, 13
GND
POWER
Input
0V Ground input.
Table 3.1 Power and Ground
*Pin 13 is the centre pad under the IC. Connect to GND.
** If VCC is 3.3V then 3.3VOUT must also be driven with 3.3V input
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Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
1
USBDM
INPUT/OUTPUT
USB Data Signal Minus.
12
USBDP
INPUT/OUTPUT
USB Data Signal Plus.
2
RESET#
INPUT
Reset input (active low).
Table 3.2 Common Function pins
Pin No.
Name
Type
Description
7
TXD
Output
Transmit Asynchronous Data Output.
10
RXD
Input
Receiving Asynchronous Data Input.
8
RTS#
Output
Request to Send Control Output / Handshake Signal.
11
CTS#
Input
Clear To Send Control Input / Handshake Signal.
6
CBUS0
I/O
Configurable CBUS I/O Pin. Function of this pin is configured in the
device MTP memory. The default configuration is TXDEN. See CBUS
Signal Options, Table 3.4.
Table 3.3 UART Interface and CBUS Group (see note 1)
Notes:
1. When used in Input Mode, the input pins are pulled to VCCIO via internal 75 (approx.) resistors.
These pins can be programmed to gently pull low during USB suspend (PWREN# = “1”) by setting an
option in the MTP memory.
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c CBUS Signal
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3.2 CBUS Signal Options
The following options can be configured on the CBUS0 I/O pin. These options can be configured in the
internal MTP memory using the software utility FT_PROG which can be downloaded from the FTDI Utilities
(www.ftdichip.com). The default configuration is described in Section 8.
CBUS Signal
Option
CBUS Pin
Description
TRI-STATE
CBUS0
IO Pad is tri-stated
DRIVE 1
CBUS0
Output a constant 1
DRIVE 0
CBUS0
Output a constant 0
TXDEN
CBUS0
Enable transmit data for RS485
PWREN#
CBUS0
Output is low after the device has been configured by
USB, then high during USB suspend mode. This output
can be used to control power to external logic P-Channel
logic level MOSFET switch. Enable the interface pull-down
option when using the PWREN# in this way.
TXLED#
CBUS0
Transmit data LED drive pulses low when transmitting
data via USB. See Section 7.5 for more details.
RXLED#
CBUS0
Receive data LED drive pulses low when receiving data
via USB. See Section 7.5 for more details.
TX&RXLED#
CBUS0
LED drive pulses low when transmitting or receiving
data via USB. See Section 7.5 for more details.
SLEEP#
CBUS0
Goes low during USB suspend mode. Typically used to
power down an external TTL to RS232 level converter IC
in USB to RS232 converter designs.
CLK24MHz
CBUS0
24 MHz Clock output.*
CLK12MHz
CBUS0
12 MHz Clock output.*
CLK6MHz
CBUS0
6 MHz Clock output.*
GPIO
CBUS0
CBUS bit bang mode option. Allows the CBUS pin to be
used as general purpose I/O. Configured in the internal
MTP memory. A separate application note, AN232R-01,
available from FTDI website (www.ftdichip.com) describes
in more detail how to use CBUS bit bang mode.
BCD Charger
CBUS0
Battery Charging Detection indicates when the device is
connected to a dedicated battery charger host. Active
high output.
BCD Charger#
CBUS0
Inverse of BCD Charger
BitBang_WR#
CBUS0
Synchronous and asynchronous bit bang mode WR#
strobe output.
BitBang_RD#
CBUS0
Synchronous and asynchronous bit bang mode RD#
strobe output.
VBUS Sense
CBUS0
Input to detect when VBUS is present.
Time Stamp
CBUS0
Toggle signal which changes state each time a USB
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c CBUS Signal
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CBUS Signal
Option
CBUS Pin
Description
SOF is received
Keep_Awake#
CBUS0
Prevents the device from entering suspend state
when unplugged.
Table 3.4 CBUS Configuration Control
*When in USB suspend mode the outputs clocks are also suspended.
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4 Function Description
The FT234XD is a compact USB to a basic serial UART interface device which simplifies USB
implementations in a small optimised package. The device reduces external component count by fully
integrating an MTP memory, and an integrated clock circuit which requires no external crystal. It has
been designed to operate efficiently with USB host controllers by using as little bandwidth as possible
when compared to the total USB bandwidth available.
4.1 Key Features
Functional Integration. Fully integrated MTP memory, clock generation, AVCC filtering, Power-On-
Reset (POR) and LDO regulators.
Configurable CBUS I/O Pin Options. The fully integrated MTP memory allows configuration of the
Control Bus (CBUS) functionality and drive strength selection. There is one CBUS I/O pin CBUS0. The
configurable options of CBUS0 are detailed in section 3.2
The CBUS line can be configured with any one of these output options by setting bits in the internal MTP
memory. The device is shipped with the most commonly used pin definitions pre-programmed - see
Section 8 for details.
Asynchronous Bit Bang Mode with RD# and WR# Strobes. The FT234XD supports FTDI’s previous
chip generation bit-bang mode. In bit-bang mode, the four UART lines can be switched from the regular
interface mode to a 4-bit general purpose I/O port. Data packets can be sent to the device and they will
be sequentially sent to the interface at a rate controlled by an internal timer (equivalent to the baud rate
pre-scalar). Either the internal RD# or the internal WR# strobe signal can mapped to the CBUS0 pin
(only one CBUS pin available) which can be used to allow external logic to be clocked by access to the
bit-bang I/O bus. This option will be described more fully in a separate application note available from
FTDI website (www.ftdichip.com).
Synchronous Bit Bang Mode. The FT234XD supports synchronous bit bang mode. This mode differs
from asynchronous bit bang mode in that the interface pins are only read when the device is written to.
This makes it easier for the controlling program to measure the response to an output stimulus as the
data returned is synchronous to the output data. An application note, AN232R-01, available from FTDI
website (www.ftdichip.com) describes this feature.
Source Power and Power Consumption. The FT234XD is capable of operating at a voltage supply
between +3.3V and +5.25V with a nominal operational mode current of 8mA and a nominal USB suspend
mode current of 125µA. This allows greater margin for peripheral designs to meet the USB suspend mode
current limit of 2.5mA. An integrated level converter within the UART interface allows the FT234XD to
interface to UART logic running at +1.8V to +3.3V (5V tolerant).
4.2 Functional Block Descriptions
The following paragraphs detail each function within the FT234XD. Please refer to the block diagram
shown in Figure 2.1
Internal MTP Memory. The internal MTP memory in the FT234XD is used to store USB Vendor ID (VID),
Product ID (PID), device serial number, product description string and various other USB configuration
descriptors. The internal MTP memory is also used to configure the CBUS pin functions. The FT234XD is
supplied with the internal MTP memory pre-programmed as described in Section 8. A user area of the
internal MTP memory is available to system designers to allow storing additional data from the user
application over USB. The internal MTP memory descriptors can be programmed in circuit, over USB
without any additional voltage requirement. The descriptors can be programmed using the FTDI utility
software called FT_PROG, which can be downloaded from FTDI Utilities on the FTDI website
(www.ftdichip.com).
+3.3V LDO Regulator. The +3.3V LDO regulator generates the +3.3V reference voltage for driving the
USB transceiver cell output buffers. It requires an external decoupling capacitor to be attached to the
3V3OUT regulator output pin. It also provides +3.3V power to the 1.5kΩ internal pull up resistor on
USBDP. The main function of the LDO is to power the USB Transceiver and the Reset Generator Cells
rather than to power external logic. However, it can be used to supply external circuitry requiring a
+3.3V nominal supply with a maximum current of 50mA.
+1.8V LDO Regulator. The +1.8V LDO regulator generates the +1.8V reference voltage for internal use
driving the IC core functions of the serial interface engine and USB protocol engine.
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USB Transceiver. The USB Transceiver Cell provides the USB 1.1 / USB 2.0 full-speed physical interface
to the USB cable. The output drivers provide +3.3V level slew rate control signalling, whilst a differential
input receiver and two single ended input receivers provide USB data in, Single-Ended-0 (SE0) and USB
reset detection conditions respectfully. This function also incorporates a 1.5kΩ pull up resistor on USBDP.
The block also detects when connected to a USB power supply which will not enumerate the device but
still supply power and may be used for battery charging.
USB DPLL. The USB DPLL cell locks on to the incoming NRZI USB data and generates recovered clock
and data signals for the Serial Interface Engine (SIE) block.
Internal 12MHz Oscillator - The Internal 12MHz Oscillator cell generates a 12MHz reference clock. This
provides an input to the x4 Clock Multiplier function. The 12MHz Oscillator is also used as the reference
clock for the SIE, USB Protocol Engine and UART FIFO controller blocks.
Clock Multiplier / Divider. The Clock Multiplier / Divider takes the 12MHz input from the Internal
Oscillator function and generates the 48MHz, 24MHz, 12MHz and 6MHz reference clock signals. The 48Mz
clock reference is used by the USB DPLL and the Baud Rate Generator blocks.
Serial Interface Engine (SIE). The Serial Interface Engine (SIE) block performs the parallel to serial
and serial to parallel conversion of the USB data. In accordance with the USB 2.0 specification, it
performs bit stuffing/un-stuffing and CRC5/CRC16 generation. It also verifies the CRC on the USB data
stream.
USB Protocol Engine. The USB Protocol Engine manages the data stream from the device USB control
endpoint. It handles the low level USB protocol requests generated by the USB host controller and the
commands for controlling the functional parameters of the UART in accordance with the USB 2.0
specification chapter 9.
FIFO RX Buffer (512 bytes). Data sent from the USB host controller to the UART via the USB data OUT
endpoint is stored in the FIFO RX (receive) buffer. Data is removed from the buffer to the UART transmit
register under control of the UART FIFO controller. (Rx relative to the USB interface).
FIFO TX Buffer (512 bytes). Data from the UART receive register is stored in the TX buffer. The USB
host controller removes data from the FIFO TX Buffer by sending a USB request for data from the device
data IN endpoint. (Tx relative to the USB interface).
UART FIFO Controller. The UART FIFO controller handles the transfer of data between the FIFO RX and
TX buffers and the UART transmit and receive registers.
UART Controller with Programmable Signal Inversion and High Drive. Together with the UART
FIFO Controller the UART Controller handles the transfer of data between the FIFO RX and FIFO TX
buffers and the UART transmit and receive registers. It performs asynchronous 7 or 8 bit parallel to serial
and serial to parallel conversion of the data on the RS232 (or RS422 or RS485) interface.
Control signals supported by UART mode include RTS, CTS. The UART Controller also provides a
transmitter enable control signal pin option (TXDEN) to assist with interfacing to RS485 transceivers.
RTS/CTS and XON / XOFF handshaking options are also supported. Handshaking is handled in hardware to
ensure fast response times. The UART interface also supports the RS232 BREAK setting and detection
conditions.
Additionally, the UART signals can each be individually inverted and have a configurable high drive
strength capability (using FT_PROG). Both these features are configurable in the MTP memory.
Baud Rate Generator - The Baud Rate Generator provides a 16x clock input to the UART Controller
from the 48MHz reference clock. It consists of a 14 bit pre-scalar and 3 register bits which provide fine
tuning of the baud rate (used to divide by a number plus a fraction or “sub-integer”). This determines the
baud rate of the UART, which is programmable from 183 baud to 3 Mbaud.
The FT234XD supports all standard baud rates and non-standard baud rates from 183 Baud up to 3
Mbaud. Achievable non-standard baud rates are calculated as follows -
Baud Rate = 3000000 / (n + x)
Where ‘n’ can be any integer between 2 and 16,384 (= 214 ) and x’ can be a sub-integer of the value 0,
0.125, 0.25, 0.375, 0.5, 0.625, 0.75, or 0.875. When n = 1, x = 0, i.e. baud rate divisors with values
between 1 and 2 are not possible.
This gives achievable baud rates in the range 183.1 baud to 3,000,000 baud. When a non-standard baud
rate is required simply pass the required baud rate value to the driver as normal, and the FTDI driver will
calculate the required divisor, and set the baud rate. See FTDI application note AN232B-05 on the FTDI
website (www.ftdichip.com) for more details.
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RESET Generator - The integrated Reset Generator Cell provides a reliable power-on reset to the device
internal circuitry at power up. The RESET# input pin allows an external device to reset the FT234XD.
RESET# can be tied to VCC or left unconnected if not being used.
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5 Devices Characteristics and Ratings
5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
The absolute maximum ratings for the FT234XD devices are as follows. These are in accordance with the
Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). Exceeding these may cause permanent damage to the
device.
Parameter
Value
Unit
Conditions
Storage Temperature
-65°C to 150°C
Degrees C
Floor Life (Out of Bag) At Factory Ambient
(30°C / 60% Relative Humidity)
168 Hours
(IPC/JEDEC J-
STD-033A MSL
Level 3
Compliant)*
Hours
Ambient Operating Temperature (Power
Applied)
-40°C to 85°C
Degrees C
MTTF FT234XD
TBD
Hours
VCC Supply Voltage
-0.3 to +5.5
V
VCCIO IO Voltage
-0.3 to +4.0
V
DC Input Voltage USBDP and USBDM
-0.5 to +3.63
V
DC Input Voltage High Impedance
Bi-directional (powered from VCCIO)
-0.3 to +5.8
V
DC Output Current Outputs
22
mA
Table 5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
* If devices are stored out of the packaging beyond this time limit the devices should be baked before
use. The devices should be ramped up to a temperature of +125°C and baked for up to 17 hours.
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5.2 DC Characteristics
DC Characteristics (Ambient Temperature = -40°C to +85°C)
Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
VCC
VCC Operating Supply
Voltage
2.97
5
5.5
V
Normal Operation
VCC2
VCCIO Operating
Supply Voltage
1.62
---
3.63
V
Icc1
Operating Supply
Current
6.5
8
8.3
mA
Normal Operation
Icc2
Operating Supply
Current
125
μA
USB Suspend
3V3
3.3v regulator output
2.97
3.3
3.63
V
VCC must be
greater than 3V3
otherwise 3V3OUT
is an input which
must be driven
with 3.3V
Table 5.2 Operating Voltage and Current
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c 1. Chip
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Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
Voh
Output Voltage High
2.97
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
Ioh = +/-2mA
I/O Drive strength*
= 4mA
2.97
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 8mA
2.97
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 12mA
2.97
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 16mA
Vol
Output Voltage Low
0
0.4
V
Iol = +/-2mA
I/O Drive strength*
= 4mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 8mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 12mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 16mA
Vil
Input low Switching
Threshold
0.8
V
LVTTL
Vih
Input High Switching
Threshold
2.0
V
LVTTL
Vt
Switching Threshold
1.49
V
LVTTL
Vt-
Schmitt trigger negative
going threshold voltage
1.15
V
Vt+
Schmitt trigger positive
going threshold voltage
1.64
V
Rpu
Input pull-up resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin = 0
Rpd
Input pull-down
resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin =VCCIO
Iin
Input Leakage Current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 0
Ioz
Tri-state output leakage
current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 5.5V or 0
Table 5.3 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +3.3V (except USB PHY pins)
* The I/O drive strength and slow slew-rate are configurable in the MTP memory.
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Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
Voh
Output Voltage High
2.25
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
Ioh = +/-2mA
I/O Drive strength*
= 4mA
2.25
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 8mA
2.25
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 12mA
2.25
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 16mA
Vol
Output Voltage Low
0
0.4
V
Iol = +/-2mA
I/O Drive strength*
= 4mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 8mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 12mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 16mA
Vil
Input low Switching
Threshold
0.8
V
LVTTL
Vih
Input High Switching
Threshold
0.8
V
LVTTL
Vt
Switching Threshold
1.1
V
LVTTL
Vt-
Schmitt trigger negative
going threshold voltage
0.8
V
Vt+
Schmitt trigger positive
going threshold voltage
1.2
V
Rpu
Input pull-up resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin = 0
Rpd
Input pull-down
resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin =VCCIO
Iin
Input Leakage Current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 0
Ioz
Tri-state output leakage
current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 5.5V or 0
Table 5.4 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +2.5V (except USB PHY pins)
* The I/O drive strength and slow slew-rate are configurable in the MTP memory.
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Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
Voh
Output Voltage High
1.62
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
Ioh = +/-2mA
I/O Drive strength*
= 4mA
1.62
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 8mA
1.62
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 12mA
1.62
VCCIO
VCCIO
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 16mA
Vol
Output Voltage Low
0
0.4
V
Iol = +/-2mA
I/O Drive strength*
= 4mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 8mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 12mA
0
0.4
V
I/O Drive strength*
= 16mA
Vil
Input low Switching
Threshold
0.77
V
LVTTL
Vih
Input High Switching
Threshold
1.6
V
LVTTL
Vt
Switching Threshold
0.77
V
LVTTL
Vt-
Schmitt trigger negative
going threshold voltage
0.557
V
Vt+
Schmitt trigger positive
going threshold voltage
0.893
V
Rpu
Input pull-up resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin = 0
Rpd
Input pull-down
resistance
40
75
190
KΩ
Vin =VCCIO
Iin
Input Leakage Current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 0
Ioz
Tri-state output leakage
current
-10
+/-1
10
μA
Vin = 5.5V or 0
Table 5.5 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +1.8V (except USB PHY pins)
* The I/O drive strength and slow slew-rate are configurable in the MTP memory.
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Parameter
Description
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Units
Conditions
Voh
Output Voltage High
VCC-0.2
V
Vol
Output Voltage Low
0.2
V
Vil
Input low Switching
Threshold
-
0.8
V
Vih
Input High Switching
Threshold
2.0
-
V
Table 5.6 USB I/O Pin (USBDP, USBDM) Characteristics
5.3 MTP Memory Reliability Characteristics
The internal 2048 Byte MTP memory has the following reliability characteristics:
Parameter
Value
Unit
Data Retention
10
Years
Write Cycle
2,000
Cycles
Read Cycle
Unlimited
Cycles
Table 5.7 MTP Memory Characteristics
5.4 Internal Clock Characteristics
The internal Clock Oscillator has the following characteristics:
Parameter
Value
Unit
Minimum
Typical
Maximum
Frequency of Operation
(see Note 1)
11.98
12.00
12.02
MHz
Clock Period
83.19
83.33
83.47
ns
Duty Cycle
45
50
55
%
Table 5.8 Internal Clock Characteristics
Note 1: Equivalent to +/-1667ppm
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6 USB Power Configurations
The following sections illustrate possible USB power configurations for the FT234XD. The illustrations
have omitted pin numbers for ease of understanding since the pins differ between the FT234XDS and
FT234XDQ package options.
All USB power configurations illustrated apply to both package options for the FT234XD device. Please
refer to Section 9 for the package option pin-out and signal descriptions.
6.1 USB Bus Powered Configuration
FT234XD
1
2
3
4
5
SHIELD
Ferrite
Bead
GND
GND
VCC
GND
VCC
3V3OUT
USBDM
USBDP
VCCIO
VCC
AGND
GND
RESET#
100nF
100nF
10nF
4.7uF+
27R
27R
GND
47pF 47pF
Figure 6.1 Bus Powered Configuration
Figure 6.1 Illustrates the FT234XD in a typical USB bus powered design configuration. A USB bus
powered device gets its power from the USB bus. Basic rules for USB bus power devices are as follows
i) On plug-in to USB, the device should draw no more current than 100mA.
ii) In USB Suspend mode the device should draw no more than 2.5mA.
iii) A bus powered high power USB device (one that draws more than 100mA) should use the
CBUS pin configured as PWREN# and use it to keep the current below 100mA on plug-in and
2.5mA on USB suspend.
iv) A device that consumes more than 100mA cannot be plugged into a USB bus powered hub.
v) No device can draw more than 500mA from the USB bus.
The power descriptors in the internal MTP memory of the FT234XD should be programmed to match the
current drawn by the device.
A ferrite bead is connected in series with the USB power supply to reduce EMI noise from the FT234XD
and associated circuitry being radiated down the USB cable to the USB host. The value of the Ferrite
Bead depends on the total current drawn by the application. A suitable range of Ferrite Beads is available
from Laird Technologies (http://www.lairdtech.com) for example Laird Technologies Part #
MI0805K601R-10.
JOEL?
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6.2 Self Powered Configuration
FT234XD
1
2
3
4
5
SHIELD
GND
GND
VCC
GND
VCC
3V3OUT
USBDM
USBDP
VCCIO
VCC(3.3-5.25V)
AGND
GND
RESET#
100nF
100nF
100nF
4.7uF
+
GND
4k7
10k
27R
27R
GND
47pF 47pF
VBUS_SENSE
Figure 6.2 Self Powered Configuration
Figure 6.2 illustrates the FT234XD in a typical USB self powered configuration. A USB self powered device
gets its power from its own power supply, VCC, and does not draw current from the USB bus. The basic
rules for USB self powered devices are as follows
i) A self powered device should not force current down the USB bus when the USB host or hub
controller is powered down.
ii) A self powered device can use as much current as it needs during normal operation and USB
suspend as it has its own power supply.
iii) A self powered device can be used with any USB host, a bus powered USB hub or a self powered
USB hub.
The power descriptor in the internal MTP memory of the FT234XD should be programmed to a value of
zero (self powered).
In order to comply with the first requirement above, the USB bus power (pin 1) is used to control the
VBUS_Sense pin of the FT2234XD device. When the USB host or hub is powered up an internal 1.5kΩ
resistor on USBDP is pulled up to +3.3V, thus identifying the device as a full speed device to the USB
host or hub. When the USB host or hub is powered off, VBUS_Sense pin will be low and the FT234XD is
held in a suspend state. In this state the internal 1.5kΩ resistor is not pulled up to any power supply
(hub or host is powered down), so no current flows down USBDP via the 1.5kΩ pull-up resistor. Failure to
do this may cause some USB host or hub controllers to power up erratically.
Figure 6.2 illustrates a self powered design which has a +3.3V to +5.25V supply.
Note:
1. When the FT234XD is in reset, the UART interface I/O pins are tri-stated. Input pins have internal
75 pull-up resistors to VCCIO, so they will gently pull high unless driven by some external
logic.
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6.3 USB Bus Powered with Power Switching Configuration
FT234XD
1
2
3
4
5
SHIELD
Ferrite
Bead
GND
GND
VCC
GND
VCC
3V3OUT
USBDM
USBDP
VCCIO
AGND
GND
RESET#
100nF
100nF
10nF
4.7uF+
CBUS0
PWREN#
100k
1k
Switched 5V Power to
External Logic
0.1uF0.1uF
P Channel Power
MOSFET
27R
27R
GND
47pF47pF
Figure 6.3 Bus Powered with Power Switching Configuration
A requirement of USB bus powered applications, is when in USB suspend mode, the application draws a
total current of less than 2.5mA. This requirement includes external logic. Some external logic has the
ability to power itself down into a low current state by monitoring the PWREN# signal. For external logic
that cannot power itself down in this way, the FT234XD provides a simple but effective method of turning
off power during the USB suspend mode.
Figure 6.3 shows an example of using a discrete P-Channel MOSFET to control the power to external
logic. A suitable device to do this is an International Rectifier (www.irf.com) IRLML6402, or equivalent. It
is recommended that a “soft start” circuit consisting of a 1kΩ series resistor and a 0.1μF capacitor is used
to limit the current surge when the MOSFET turns on. Without the soft start circuit it is possible that the
transient power surge, caused when the MOSFET switches on, will reset the FT234XD or the USB
host/hub controller. The soft start circuit example shown in Figure 6.3 powers up with a slew rate of
approximaely12.5V/ms. Thus supply voltage to external logic transitions from GND to +5V in
approximately 400 microseconds.
As an alternative to the MOSFET, a dedicated power switch IC with inbuilt “soft-start” can be used. A
suitable power switch IC for such an application is the Micrel (www.micrel.com) MIC2025-2BM or
equivalent.
With power switching controlled designs the following should be noted:
i) The external logic to which the power is being switched should have its own reset circuitry to
automatically reset the logic when power is re-applied when moving out of suspend mode.
ii) Set the Pull-down on Suspend option in the internal FT234XD MTP memory.
iii) The CBUS0 Pin should be configured as PWREN# in the internal FT234XD MTP memory, and used
to switch the power supply to the external circuitry.
iv) For USB high-power bus powered applications (one that consumes greater than 100mA, and up
to 500mA of current from the USB bus), the power consumption of the application must be set in
the Max Power field in the internal FT234XD MTP memory. A high-power bus powered application
uses the descriptor in the internal FT234XD MTP memory to inform the system of its power
requirements.
v) PWREN# gets its VCC from VCCIO. For designs using 3V3 logic, ensure VCCIO is not powered
down using the external logic. In this case use the +3V3OUT.
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7 Application Examples
The following sections illustrate possible applications of the FT234XD.
7.1 USB to RS232 Converter
GND
R5
10k
GND
VBUS
C4
10nF
C3
0.1uF
C1
4.7uF
GND
GND
FB1
600R/0.5A
VBUS 1
D- 2
D+ 3
GND 4
CN1
USB
C5
47pF
C6
47pF
GND GND
C2
0.1uF
RXD 10
GND
5
USBDP
12 USBDM
1
3V3OUT
3
RESET#
2
VCC 4
CBUS0 6
TXD 7
VCCIO 9
GND
13
CTS# 11
RTS# 8
U1
FT234XD
R1
10k
C7
10nF
GNDGND
TXD
RXD
RTS#
CTS#
SLEEP#
R3 27R
R2 27R 16
12
13
9
15
10
17
8
C1+
2
C2+
5
GND
18
C1-
4VCC 19
C2-
6V- 7
V+ 3
EN
1SHDN 20
NC
11 NC 14
U2
ZT3222F
C10
0.1uF
C9
0.1uF C11 0.1uF
C12 0.1uF
C8 0.1uF
GND
TXD_RS232
RXD_RS232
RTS_RS232
CTS_RS232
Figure 7.1 Application Example showing USB to RS232 Converter
An example of using the FT234XD as a USB to RS232 converter is illustrated in Figure 7.1. In this
application, a 3V3 TTL to RS232 Level Converter IC is used on the serial UART interface of the FT234XD
to convert the 3V3 levels of the FT234XD to RS232 levels. This level shift can be done using line drivers
from a variety of vendors e.g. Zywyn. A useful feature on some of these devices is the SHDN# pin which
can be used to power down the device to a low quiescent current during USB suspend mode.
A suitable level shifting device is the Zywyn ZT3222F which is capable of RS232 communication at up to
1000k baud.
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7.2 USB to RS485 Coverter
TXD
RXD
C8
0.1uF
GND
RE
2
DE
3
DI
4
VCC 8
RO
1
6
7
GND 5
D
R
U2
ZT485EEN
GND
Data +
Data -
TXDEN
GND
VBUS
C4
10nF
C3
0.1uF
C1
4.7uF
GND
GND
FB1
600R/0.5A
VBUS 1
D- 2
D+ 3
GND 4
CN1
USB
C5
47pF
C6
47pF
GND GND
C2
0.1uF
RXD 10
GND
5
USBDP
12 USBDM
1
3V3OUT
3
RESET#
2
VCC 4
CBUS0 6
TXD 7
VCCIO 9
GND
13
CTS# 11
RTS# 8
U1
FT234XD
R1
10k
C7
10nF
GNDGND
R3 27R
R2 27R
Figure 7.2 Application Example Showing USB to RS485 Converter
An example of using the FT234XD as a USB to RS485 converter is shown in Figure 7.2. In this
application, a 3V3-TTL to RS485 level converter IC is used on the serial UART interface of the FT234XD to
convert the TTL levels of the FT234XD to RS485 levels.
This example uses the Zywyn ZT485EEN device. Equivalent devices are available from Maxim and
Analogue Devices. The ZT485EEN is a RS485 device in a compact 8 pin SOP package. It has separate
enables on both the transmitter and receiver. With RS485, the transmitter is only enabled when a
character is being transmitted from the UART
The TXDEN signal CBUS pin option on the FT234XD is provided for exactly this purpose and so the
transmitter enable is wired to CBUS which has been configured as TXDEN. Note that the TXDEN is
activated 1 bit period before the start bit. TXDEN is deactivated at the same time as the stop bit. This is
not configurable.
RS485 is a multi-drop network; so many devices can communicate with each other over a two wire cable
interface. The RS485 cable requires to be terminated at each end of the cable. A link (which provides the
120Ω termination) allows the cable to be terminated if the ZT3485 is physically positioned at either end
of the cable.
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7.3 USB to RS422 Converter
GND
Y5
Z6
DI
3VCC
1
RO
2A8
B7
GND
4
D
R
U2
ZT490E
Q1
IRLML6402
R4
2k
C9
0.1uF
Y5
Z6
DI
3VCC
1
RO
2A8
B7
GND
4
D
R
U3
ZT490E
GND
C8
0.1uF
R6 120R
R7 120R
R5
10k
TxD+
TxD-
RxD+
RxD-
RTS-
RTS+
CTS+
CTS-
GND
VBUS
C4
10nF
C3
0.1uF
C1
4.7uF
GND
GND
FB1
600R/0.5A
VBUS 1
D- 2
D+ 3
GND 4
CN1
USB
C5
47pF
C6
47pF
GND GND
C2
0.1uF
RXD 10
GND
5
USBDP
12 USBDM
1
3V3OUT
3
RESET#
2
VCC 4
CBUS0 6
TXD 7
VCCIO 9
GND
13
CTS# 11
RTS# 8
U1
FT234XD
R1
10k
C7
10nF
GNDGND
TXD
RXD
RTS#
CTS#
PWREN#
R3 27R
R2 27R
Figure 7.3 USB to RS422 Converter Configuration
An example of using the FT234XD as a USB to RS422 converter is shown in Figure 7.3. In this
application, two TTL to RS422 Level Converter ICs are used on the serial UART interface of the FT234XD
to convert the TTL levels of the FT234XD to RS422 levels. There are many suitable level converter
devices available. This example uses Zywyn ZT490E devices. P-Channel MOSFET connected in the VCC
line of ZT490E ensures that USB standby current of 2.5mA is not exceeded.
The ZT490E is specified to transmit and receive data at a rate of up to 10 Mbaud. In this example the
maximum data rate is limited to 3 Mbaud by the FT234XD.
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7.4 USB Battery Charging Detection
A recent addition to the USB specification (http://www.usb.org/developers/docs/devclass_docs/BCv1.2_070312.zip)
is to allow for additional charging profiles to be used for charging batteries in portable devices. These
charging profiles do not enumerate the USB port of the peripheral. The FT234XD device will detect that a
USB compliant dedicated charging port (DCP) is connected. Once detected while in suspend mode, a
battery charge detection signal is provided to allow external logic to switch to charging mode as opposed
to operation mode.
X-Chip Pin Function
EEPROM Setting
CBUS0 BCD
Battery Options
Battery Charger Enable
Force Power Enable
De-acticate Sleep
X
GND
GND
0.1uF 0.1uF
GND
GND
600R/2A
10nF
VBUS 3V3OUT
0.1uF
0R
GNDSLD GND
27R
27R
VBUS 1
D- 2
D+ 3
GND 5
ID 4
CN USB
VCC
2
FAULT
3
TIMER
4
GND
5NTC 6
PROG 7
SHDN 8
BAT 9
ACPR 10
CHRG
1
GND 11
LTC4053EDD
GND
3V3OUT 3V3OUT
4.7uF
0.1uF
GND
VBUSVBUS
GND
VBATT
GND
GND
1K5
GND
1
TB3.5mm
VBUS VBUS
NTC
0.1uF
GND
VBUS
1uF
1R
GND
VBUS
BCD
2K2
GND
JP1
1-2
2-3 NCT Enabled
NCT Available
JP1
SIP-3
NTC
GND
NCT Disabled (Default)
JUMPER-2mm
4K32 1%
GND
DP
DM
3V3OUT
RESET#
VCC
GND
CBUS0
VCCIO
FT234XD
BCD
1A when connected to a dedicated charger port
0A when enumerated
0A when in sleep
0A when not enumerated and not in sleep
+
-
NCT
N.F.
Figure 7.4 USB Battery Charging Detection
To use the FT234XD with battery charging detection the CBUS0 pin must be reprogrammed to allow for
the BCD Charger output to switch the external charger circuitry on. The CBUS0 pin is configured in the
internal MTP memory with the free utility FT_PROG. If the charging circuitry requires an active low signal
to enable it, the CBUS0 pin can be programmed to BCD Charger# as an alternative.
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When connected to a USB compliant dedicated charging port (DCP, as opposed to a standard USB host)
the device USB signals will be shorted together and the device suspended. The BCD charger signal will
bring the LTC4053 out of suspend and allow battery charging to start. The charge current in the example
above is 1A as defined by the resistance on the PROG pin.
To calculate the equivalent resistance on the PROG pin select a charge current, then Res = 1500V/Ichg
For more configuration options of the LTC4053 refer to:
AN_175_Battery Charging Over USB
Note: If the FT234XD is connected to a standard host port such that the device is enumerated the battery
charge detection signal is inactive as the device will not be in suspend.
7.5 LED Interface
The CBUS0 I/O pin can be configured to drive an LED. The FT234XD has 3 configuration options for
driving LEDs from the CBUS. These are TXLED#, RXLED#, and TX&RXLED#. Refer to Section 3.2 for
configuration options.
FT234XD
CBUS0
VCCIO
270R
TX &
RXLED#
Figure 7.5 Single LED Configuration
An example of using the FT234XD to drive an LED is shown in Figure 7.57. In this example the CBUS0 pin
is used to indicate when data is being transmitted or received by the device (TX&RXLED). In this
configuration the FT234XD will drive only a single LED.
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8 Internal MTP Memory Configuration
The FT234XD includes an internal MTP memory which holds the USB configuration descriptors, other
configuration data for the chip and also user data areas. Following a power-on reset or a USB reset the
FT234XD will scan its internal MTP memory and read the USB configuration descriptors stored there.
In many cases, the default values programmed into the MTP memory will be suitable and no re-
programming will be necessary. The defaults can be found in Section 8.1.
The MTP memory in the FT234XD can be programmed over USB if the values need to be changed for a
particular application. Further details of this are provided from section 8.2 onwards.
Users who do not have their own USB Vendor ID but who would like to use a unique Product ID in their
design can apply to FTDI for a free block of unique PIDs. See TN_100 USB Vendor ID/Product ID
Guidelines for more details.
8.1 Default Values
The default factory programmed values of the internal MTP memory are shown in Table 8.1.
Parameter
Value
Notes
USB Vendor ID (VID)
0403h
FTDI default VID (hex)
USB Product UD (PID)
6015h
FTDI default PID (hex)
Serial Number Enabled?
Yes
Serial Number
See Note
A unique serial number is generated and
programmed into the MTP memory during device
final test.
Pull down I/O Pins in USB
Suspend
Disabled
Enabling this option will make the device pull down
on the UART interface lines when in USB suspend
mode (PWREN# is high).
Manufacturer Name
FTDI
Product Description
FT234XD BASIC
UART
Max Bus Power Current
90mA
Power Source
Bus Powered
Device Type
FT234XD
USB Version
0200
Returns USB 2.0 device description to the host.
Note: The device is a USB 2.0 Full Speed device
(12Mb/s) as opposed to a USB 2.0 High Speed
device (480Mb/s).
Remote Wake Up
Disabled
Taking RI# low will wake up the USB host controller
from suspend in approximately 20 ms.
DBUS Drive Current
Strength
4mA
Options are 4mA, 8mA, 12mA, 16mA
DBUS slew rate
Slow
Options are slow or fast
DBUS Schmitt Trigger
Normal
Options are normal or Schmitt
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c Chip http: www.ftdichip.com Support Utilitieshth-‘T Prog http: www.ftdichip.com Support Documents ProqramGuides DZXX Prourammer‘s Guxdefl-‘r 000071).D fl
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Parameter
Value
Notes
Enable
CBUS Drive Current
Strength
4mA
Options are 4mA, 8mA, 12mA, 16mA
CBUS slew rate
Slow
Options are slow or fast
CBUS Schmitt Trigger
Enable
Normal
Options are normal or Schmitt
Load VCP Driver
Enabled**
Makes the device load the VCP driver interface for
the device.
CBUS0
TXDEN
Default configuration of CBUS0 Transmit data
enable for RS485
Invert TXD
Disabled
Signal on this pin becomes TXD# if enable.
Invert RXD
Disabled
Signal on this pin becomes RXD# if enable.
Invert RTS#
Disabled
Signal on this pin becomes RTS if enable.
Invert CTS#
Disabled
Signal on this pin becomes CTS if enable.
Table 8.1 Default Internal MTP Memory Configuration
8.2 Methods of Programming the MTP Memory
8.2.1 Programming the MTP memory over USB
The MTP memory on all FT-X devices can be programmed over USB. This method is the same as for the
EEPROM on other FTDI devices such as the FT232R. No additional hardware, connections or programming
voltages are required. The device is simply connected to the host computer in the same way that it would
be for normal applications, and the FT_Prog utility is used to set the required options and program the
device.
The FT_Prog utility is provided free-of-charge from the FTDI website, and can be found at the link below.
The user guide is also available at this link.
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Utilities.htm#FT_Prog
Additionally, D2XX commands can be used to program the MTP memory from within user applications.
For more information on the commands available, please see the D2XX Programmers Guide below.
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/ProgramGuides/D2XX_Programmer's_Guide(FT_000071).p
df
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c
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8.3 Memory Map
The FT-X family MTP memory has various areas which come under three main categories:
User Memory Area
Configuration Memory Area (writable)
Configuration Memory Area (non-writable)
Memory Area Description
Word Address
User Memory Area 2
Accessible via USB
0x3FF - 0x80
Configuration Memory Area
Accessible via USB
0x7E - 0x50
Configuration Memory Area
Cannot be written
0x4E - 0x40
User Memory Area 1
Accessible via USB
0x3E - 0x12
Configuration Memory Area
Accessible via USB
0x10 - 0x00
Figure 8.1: Simplified memory map for the FT-X
User Memory Area
The User Memory Areas are highlighted in Green on the memory map. They can be read and written via
USB on the FT234XD. All locations within this range are freely programmable; no areas have special
functions and there is no checksum for the user area.
Note that the application should take into account the specification for the number of write cycles in
Section 5.3 if it will be writing to the MTP memory multiple times.
Configuration Memory Area (writable)
This area stores the configuration data for the device, including the data which is returned to the host in
the configuration descriptors (e.g. the VID, PID and string descriptions) and also values which set the
hardware configuration (the signal assigned to each CBUS pin for example).
These values can have a significant effect on the behaviour of the device. Steps must be taken to ensure
that these locations are not written to un-intentionally by an application which is intended to access only
the user area.
This area is included in a checksum which covers configuration areas of the memory, and so changing
any value can also cause this checksum to fail.
Configuration Memory Area (non-writable)
This is a reserved area and the application should not write to this area of memory. Any attempt to write
these locations will fail
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Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 31
FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
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9 Package Parameters
The FT234XD is available in a DFN-12 package. The solder reflow profile is described in Section 9.2.
9.1 DFN-12 Package Mechanical Dimensions
Figure 9.1 DFN-12 Package Dimensions
The FT234XD is supplied in a RoHS compliant leadless DFN-12 package. The package is lead (Pb) free,
and uses a ‘green’ compound. The package is fully compliant with European Union directive 2002/95/EC.
This package is nominally 3.00mm x 3.00mm. The solder pads are on a 0.45mm pitch. The above
mechanical drawing shows the DFN-12 package. Refer to the WDFN column in Figure 9.13. All
dimensions are in millimetres.
The centre pad on the base of the FT234XD is internally connected to ground.
7:" FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c EFTDI xxxxxxxxxx YYWW-B
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FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
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9.2 DFN-12 Package Markings
Figure 9.2 DFN-12 Package Markings
The date code format is YYWW where XX = 2 digit week number, WW = 2 digit year number. This is
followed by the revision number.
The code XXXXXXX is the manufacturing LOT code.
FTDI
I
XXXXXXXXXX
FT234XD
Q
6
1
YYWW-B
7
12
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c Chip Crmcal 20 T Is m m T t
Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 33
FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
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Document No.: FT_000753 Clearance No.: FTDI#324
9.3 Solder Reflow Profile
The FT234XD is supplied in a Pb free DFN-12 package. The recommended solder reflow profile is shown
in Figure 9.35.
Figure 9.3 FT234XD Solder Reflow Profile
The recommended values for the solder reflow profile are detailed in Table 9.1. Values are shown for both
a completely Pb free solder process (i.e. the FT234XD is used with Pb free solder), and for a non-Pb free
solder process (i.e. the FT234XD is used with non-Pb free solder).
Profile Feature
Pb Free Solder Process
Non-Pb Free Solder Process
Average Ramp Up Rate (Ts to Tp)
3°C / second Max.
3°C / Second Max.
Preheat
- Temperature Min (Ts Min.)
- Temperature Max (Ts Max.)
- Time (ts Min to ts Max)
150°C
200°C
60 to 120 seconds
100°C
150°C
60 to 120 seconds
Time Maintained Above Critical Temperature
TL:
- Temperature (TL)
- Time (tL)
217°C
60 to 150 seconds
183°C
60 to 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (Tp)
260°C
240°C
Time within 5°C of actual Peak Temperature
(tp)
20 to 40 seconds
20 to 40 seconds
Ramp Down Rate
6°C / second Max.
6°C / second Max.
Time for T= 25°C to Peak Temperature, Tp
8 minutes Max.
6 minutes Max.
Table 9.1 Reflow Profile Parameter Values
Critical Zone: when
T is in the range
T to T
Temperature, T (Degrees C)
Time, t (seconds)
25 P
T = 25º C to T
tp
T
p
T
L
t
Preheat
S
tL
Ramp Up
Lp
Ramp
Down
T Max
S
T Min
S
FTDI Chip macaw: E-mail (Sales) E-mail (Support) E-mail (General Enqulries) E-mail (Sales) E-mail (Support) E-mail (General Enqulries) htt ft FTZ34XD USE TO BASIC UART IC 71 Ti u T F salesl@ftdlchig.com suggertletdlchipLom E-Mall (Sales) us.sales@ftdichig.com US.SLI ort ftdichl .ccm us.admin @ftdlchiQLom E-Mall (Support) E-Mall (General Enquirles) adminl @ftdlcthLom Email (Sales) Crl.sales @ftdichipLom tw.salesl @ftdlchlpLom tw.su crtl ftdlchl .com E-mail (Support) crl.su ort ftdichl .com tw.admin1 ftdichl.com E-mail(GeneralEnquirles) cn.admin@ftdlchip.com
Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 34
FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART IC
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10 Contact Information
Head Office Glasgow, UK
Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park
Glasgow G41 1HH
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 141 429 2777
Fax: +44 (0) 141 429 2758
E-mail (Sales)
sales1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (Support)
support1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (General Enquiries)
admin1@ftdichip.com
Branch Office Taipei, Taiwan
2F, No. 516, Sec. 1, NeiHu Road
Taipei 114
Taiwan , R.O.C.
Tel: +886 (0) 2 8791 3570
Fax: +886 (0) 2 8791 3576
E-mail (Sales)
tw.sales1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (Support)
tw.support1@ftdichip.com
E-mail (General Enquiries)
tw.admin1@ftdichip.com
Branch Office Tigard, Oregon, USA
7130 SW Fir Loop,
Tigard, OR 97223
USA
Tel: +1 (503) 547 0988
Fax: +1 (503) 547 0987
E-Mail (Sales)
us.sales@ftdichip.com
E-Mail (Support)
us.support@ftdichip.com
E-Mail (General Enquiries)
us.admin@ftdichip.com
Branch Office Shanghai, China
Room 408, 317 Xianxia Road,
Shanghai, 200051
China
Tel: +86 21 62351596
Fax: +86 21 62351595
E-mail (Sales)
cn.sales@ftdichip.com
E-mail (Support)
cn.support@ftdichip.com
E-mail (General Enquiries)
cn.admin@ftdichip.com
Web Site
http://ftdichip.com
System and equipment manufacturers and designers are responsible to ensure that their systems, and any Future Technology
Devices International Ltd (FTDI) devices incorporated in their systems, meet all applicable safety, regulatory and system-level
performance requirements. All application-related information in this document (including application descriptions, suggested
FTDI devices and other materials) is provided for reference only. While FTDI has taken care to assure it is accurate, this
information is subject to customer confirmation, and FTDI disclaims all liability for system designs and for any applications
assistance provided by FTDI. Use of FTDI devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the user’s risk, and the
user agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless FTDI from any and all damages, claims, suits or expense resulting from
such use. This document is subject to change without notice. No freedom to use patents or other intellectual property rights is
implied by the publication of this document. Neither the whole nor any part of the information contained in, or the product
described in this document, may be adapted or reproduced in any material or electronic form without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder. Future Technology Devices International Ltd, Unit 1, 2 Seaward Place, Centurion Business Park,
Glasgow G41 1HH, United Kingdom. Scotland Registered Company Number: SC136640
7" FTD| FT234XD USE TO BASIC UART 1c 3- Chip htto: wwwftdicnipcom SuDDort/Documents ADDNotes AN 232R- 01 Bit Bang Mode Available For FT232R and Ft245R.pdf http: www.ftdicnip.com Documents AppNotes AN 107 AdvancedDriveertions AN 000073de httD: www.ftdicniD.com Documents AppNotes AN 121 FTDI Device EEPROM User Area Usaue.Ddf htto: wwwftdicnipcom Documents ADDNotes AN 120 Aiiasinq VCP Baud Ratespdf httD: www.ftdicniD.com Documents ADDNotes AN 100 Usinq Tne FT232 245R With External DSC(FT 000067 .Qdf httD: wwwftdichipcom Resources Utilities AN 126 User Guide For FT232 Factory%20test%20uti|it . m httD: www.ftdicniD.com Documents ADDNotes AN23ZB-05 BaudRates.Ddf http: www.ftdicnip.com Documents InstallGuides.htm http: www.ftdicnip.com Support/Documents TecnniCaINotes TN 100 USB VID-PID Guidelines.pdf httD' www.ftdicniD.com SuDDort/Documents ADDNotes AN 175 Batter "/uZOCharqinqu/nZOOverU/oZOUSB “InZOWIth%20FTEXWuZODevices.Qdf httD: www.ftdicniD.com SuDDort/Documents ProqramGuides DZXX Prourammer‘s Guide(FT 000071)-D fl httD: www.usb.oro developers docs devclass docs BCv1.2 070312.2io
Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 35
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Version 1.2
Document No.: FT_000753 Clearance No.: FTDI#324
Appendix A References
Useful Application Notes
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/AppNotes/AN_232R-
01_Bit_Bang_Mode_Available_For_FT232R_and_Ft245R.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/AppNotes/AN_107_AdvancedDriverOptions_AN_000073.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/AppNotes/AN_121_FTDI_Device_EEPROM_User_Area_Usage.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/AppNotes/AN_120_Aliasing_VCP_Baud_Rates.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/AppNotes/AN_100_Using_The_FT232_245R_With_External_Osc(FT_
000067).pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Resources/Utilities/AN_126_User_Guide_For_FT232_Factory%20test%20utility.
pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/AppNotes/AN232B-05_BaudRates.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Documents/InstallGuides.htm
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/TechnicalNotes/TN_100_USB_VID-PID_Guidelines.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/AppNotes/AN_175_Battery%20Charging%20Over%20USB
%20with%20FTEX%20Devices.pdf
http://www.ftdichip.com/Support/Documents/ProgramGuides/D2XX_Programmer's_Guide(FT_000071).p
df
http://www.usb.org/developers/docs/devclass_docs/BCv1.2_070312.zip
FTDI FT234XD USB TO BASIC UART 1c Chip
Copyright © 2015 Future Technology Devices International Limited 36
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Appendix B - List of Figures and Tables
List of Figures
Figure 2.1 FT234XD Block Diagram ................................................................................................. 4
Figure 3.1 DFN Schematic Symbol .................................................................................................. 7
Figure 6.1 Bus Powered Configuration ........................................................................................... 20
Figure 6.2 Self Powered Configuration ........................................................................................... 21
Figure 6.3 Bus Powered with Power Switching Configuration ............................................................ 22
Figure 7.1 Application Example showing USB to RS232 Converter ..................................................... 23
Figure 7.2 Application Example Showing USB to RS485 Converter .................................................... 24
Figure 7.3 USB to RS422 Converter Configuration ........................................................................... 25
Figure 7.4 USB Battery Charging Detection .................................................................................... 26
Figure 7.5 Single LED Configuration .............................................................................................. 27
Figure 8.1: Simplified memory map for the FT-X ............................................................................ 30
Figure 9.1 DFN-12 Package Dimensions ......................................................................................... 31
Figure 9.2 DFN-12 Package Markings ............................................................................................ 32
Figure 9.3 FT234XD Solder Reflow Profile ...................................................................................... 33
List of Tables
Table 3.1 Power and Ground .......................................................................................................... 7
Table 3.2 Common Function pins .................................................................................................... 8
Table 3.3 UART Interface and CBUS Group (see note 1) .................................................................... 8
Table 3.4 CBUS Configuration Control ........................................................................................... 10
Table 5.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................................................ 14
Table 5.2 Operating Voltage and Current ....................................................................................... 15
Table 5.3 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +3.3V (except USB PHY pins) ........................................... 16
Table 5.4 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +2.5V (except USB PHY pins) ........................................... 17
Table 5.5 I/O Pin Characteristics VCCIO = +1.8V (except USB PHY pins) ........................................... 18
Table 5.6 USB I/O Pin (USBDP, USBDM) Characteristics .................................................................. 19
Table 5.7 MTP Memory Characteristics ........................................................................................... 19
Table 5.8 Internal Clock Characteristics ......................................................................................... 19
Table 8.1 Default Internal MTP Memory Configuration ..................................................................... 29
Table 9.1 Reflow Profile Parameter Values ..................................................................................... 33
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Appendix C - Revision History
Document Title: USB to BASIC UART IC FT234XD
Document Reference No.: FT_000753
Clearance No.: FTDI#324
Product Page: http://www.ftdichip.com/FT-X.htm
Document Feedback: Send Feedback
Version 1.0 First release January 2013
Version 1.1 Updated TID info. Added clarification that we are 5V tolerant February 2013
Version 1.2 Added reference to WDFN chip dimensions Aug 2015

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