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ADP7118 Datasheet

Analog Devices Inc.

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Datasheet

20 V, 200 mA, Low Noise,
CMOS LDO Linear Regulator
Data Sheet
ADP7118
Rev. D Document Feedback
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rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
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One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700 ©20142018 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Technical Support www.analog.com
FEATURES
Low noise: 11 µV rms independent of fixed output voltage
PSRR of 88 dB at 10 kHz, 68 dB at 100 kHz, 50 dB at 1 MHz,
VOUT ≤ 5 V, VIN = 7 V
Input voltage range: 2.7 V to 20 V
Maximum output current: 200 mA
Initial accuracy: ±0.8%
Accuracy over line, load, and temperature
−1.2% to +1.5%, TJ = −40°C to +85°C
±1.8%, TJ = −40°C to +125°C
Low dropout voltage: 200 mV (typical) at a 200 mA load,
VOUT = 5 V
User programmable soft start (LFCSP and SOIC only)
Low quiescent current, IGND = 50 μA (typical) with no load
Low shutdown current: 1.8 μA at VIN = 5 V, 3.0 μA at VIN = 20 V
Stable with a small 2.2 µF ceramic output capacitor
Fixed output voltage options: 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V, 4.5 V, and 5.0 V
16 standard voltages between 1.2 V and 5.0 V are available
Adjustable output from 1.2 V to VIN – VDO, output can be
adjusted above initial set point
Precision enable
2 mm × 2 mm, 6-lead LFCSP, 8-Lead SOIC, 5-Lead TSOT
APPLICATIONS
Regulation to noise sensitive applications
ADC and DAC circuits, precision amplifiers, power for
VCO VTUNE control
Communications and infrastructure
Medical and healthcare
Industrial and instrumentation
Supported by ADIsimPower tool
TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUITS
GND
EN SS
VIN VOUT
ADP7118
ON
OFF
V
IN
= 6V
V
OUT
= 5V
SENSE/ADJ
C
IN
2.2µF C
OUT
2.2µF
C
SS
1nF
11849-001
Figure 1. ADP7118 with Fixed Output Voltage, 5 V
GND
EN SS
VIN VOUT
ADP7118
ON
OFF
V
IN
= 7V V
OUT
= 6V
SENSE/ADJ
C
IN
2.2µF C
OUT
2.2µF
C
SS
1nF
2kΩ
10kΩ
11849-002
Figure 2. ADP7118 with 5 V Output Adjusted to 6 V
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ADP7118 is a CMOS, low dropout (LDO) linear regulator
that operates from 2.7 V to 20 V and provides up to 200 mA of
output current. This high input voltage LDO is ideal for the
regulation of high performance analog and mixed-signal circuits
operating from 20 V down to 1.2 V rails. Using an advanced
proprietary architecture, the device provides high power supply
rejection, low noise, and achieves excellent line and load transient
response with a small 2.2 µF ceramic output capacitor. The
ADP7118 regulator output noise is 11 μV rms independent of
the output voltage for the fixed options of 5 V or less.
The ADP7118 is available in 16 fixed output voltage options.
The following voltages are available from stock: 1.2 V (adjustable),
1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V, 4.5 V, and 5.0 V.
Additional voltages available by special order are 1.5 V, 1.85 V,
2.0 V, 2.2 V, 2.75 V, 2.8 V, 2.85 V, 3.8 V, 4.2 V, and 4.6 V.
Each fixed output voltage can be adjusted above the initial set
point with an external feedback divider. This allows the ADP7118
to provide an output voltage from 1.2 V to VIN VDO with high
PSRR and low noise.
User programmable soft start with an external capacitor is
available in the LFCSP and SOIC packages.
The ADP7118 is available in a 6-lead, 2 mm × 2 mm LFCSP
making it not only a very compact solution, but it also provides
excellent thermal performance for applications requiring up to
200 mA of output current in a small, low profile footprint. The
ADP7118 is also available in a 5-lead TSOT and an 8-lead SOIC.
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 2 of 23
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
Typical Application Circuits ............................................................ 1
General Description ......................................................................... 1
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Specifications ..................................................................................... 3
Input and Output Capacitance, Recommended Specifications ... 4
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................ 5
Thermal Data ................................................................................ 5
Thermal Resistance ...................................................................... 5
ESD Caution .................................................................................. 5
Pin Configurations and Function Descriptions ........................... 6
Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 7
Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 13
Applications Information .............................................................. 14
ADIsimPower Design Tool ....................................................... 14
Capacitor Selection .................................................................... 14
Programable Precision Enable .................................................. 15
Soft Start ...................................................................................... 15
Noise Reduction of the ADP7118 in Adjustable Mode......... 16
Effect of Noise Reduction on Start-Up Time ......................... 16
Current-Limit and Thermal Overload Protection ................. 17
Thermal Considerations ............................................................ 17
Printed Circuit Board Layout Considerations ............................ 20
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 22
Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 23
REVISION HISTORY
4/2018Rev. C to Rev. D
Changes to Features Section............................................................ 1
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 22
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 23
11/2016—Rev. B to Rev. C
Changes to Features Section and General Description Section ........ 1
Changes to Ordering Guide ..................................................................... 23
7/2016—Rev. A to Rev. B
Change to Table 5 ............................................................................. 6
Change to Figure 42 ....................................................................... 13
Changes to Programmable Precision Enable Section and Soft
Start Section .................................................................................... 15
Added Effect of Noise Reduction on Start-Up Time Section ... 16
12/2014Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Figure 36 to Figure 41 ................................................ 12
Changes to Figure 44 ...................................................................... 14
9/2014Revision 0: Initial Version
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 3 of 23
SPECIFICATIONS
VIN = VOUT + 1 V or 2.7 V, whichever is greater, VOUT = 5 V, E N = VIN, IOUT = 10 mA, CIN = COUT = 2.2 µF, CSS = 0 pF, TA = 25°C for typical
specifications, TJ = −40°C to +125°C for minimum/maximum specifications, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter Symbol Test Conditions/Comments Min Typ Max Unit
INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE VIN 2.7 20 V
OPERATING SUPPLY CURRENT IGND IOUT = 0 µA 50 140 µA
IOUT = 10 mA 80 190 µA
IOUT = 200 mA 180 320 µA
SHUTDOWN CURRENT IGND-SD EN = GND 1.8 µA
EN = GND, VIN = 20 V 3.0 µA
EN = GND 10 µA
OUTPUT VOLTAGE ACCURACY
Output Voltage Accuracy VOUT IOUT = 10 mA, TJ = 25°C 0.8 +0.8 %
100 μA < IOUT < 200 mA, VIN = (VOUT + 1 V) to 20 V,
TJ = −40°C to +85°C
1.2 +1.5 %
100 μA < IOUT < 200 mA, VIN = (VOUT + 1 V) to 20 V 1.8 +1.8 %
LINE REGULATION ∆VOUT/∆VIN VIN = (VOUT + 1 V) to 20 V 0.015 +0.015 %/V
LOAD REGULATION1 ∆VOUT/∆IOUT IOUT = 100 μA to 200 mA 0.002 0.004 %/mA
SENSE INPUT BIAS CURRENT SENSEI-BIAS 100 μA < IOUT < 200 mA VIN = (VOUT + 1 V) to 20 V 10 1000 nA
DROPOUT VOLTAGE2 VDROPOUT IOUT = 10 mA 30 60 mV
IOUT = 200 mA 200 420 mV
START-UP TIME3 tSTART-UP VOUT = 5 V 380 µs
SOFT START SOURCE CURRENT SSI-SOURCE SS = GND 1.15 µA
CURRENT-LIMIT THRESHOLD4 ILIMIT 250 360 460 mA
THERMAL SHUTDOWN
Thermal Shutdown Threshold TSSD TJ rising 150 °C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis TSSD-HYS 15 °C
UNDERVOLTAGE THRESHOLDS
Input Voltage Rising UVLORISE 2.69 V
Input Voltage Falling UVLOFA L L 2.2 V
Hysteresis UVLOHYS 230 mV
PRECISION EN INPUT 2.7 V ≤ VIN 20 V
Logic High ENHIGH 1.15 1.22 1.30 V
Logic Low ENLOW 1.06 1.12 1.18 V
Logic Hysteresis ENHYS 100 mV
Leakage Current IEN-LKG EN = VIN or GND 0.04 1 µA
Delay Time tEN-DLY From EN rising from 0 V to VIN to 0.1 × VOUT 80 μs
OUTPUT NOISE
OUT
NOISE
10 Hz to 100 kHz, all output voltage options
11
µV rms
POWER SUPPLY REJECTION RATIO PSRR 1 MHz, VIN = 7 V, VOUT = 5 V 50 dB
100 kHz, VIN = 7 V, VOUT = 5 V 68 dB
10 kHz, VIN = 7 V, VOUT = 5 V 88 dB
1 Based on an endpoint calculation using 100 μA and 200 mA loads. See Figure 7 for typical load regulation performance for loads less than 1 mA.
2 Dropout voltage is defined as the input-to-output voltage differential when the input voltage is set to the nominal output voltage. Dropout applies only for output
voltages above 2.7 V.
3 Start-up time is defined as the time between the rising edge of EN to OUT being at 90% of the nominal value.
4 Current-limit threshold is defined as the current at which the output voltage drops to 90% of the specified typical value. For example, the current limit for a 5.0 V
output voltage is defined as the current that causes the output voltage to drop to 90% of 5.0 V or 4.5 V.
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 4 of 23
INPUT AND OUTPUT CAPACITANCE, RECOMMENDED SPECIFICATIONS
Table 2.
Parameter Symbol Test Conditions/Comments Min Typ Max Unit
INPUT AND OUTPUT CAPACITANCE
Minimum Capacitance1 CMIN TA = −40°C to +125°C 1.5 µF
Capacitor Effective Series Resistance (ESR) RESR TA = −40°C to +125°C 0.001 0.3 Ω
1 The minimum input and output capacitance must be greater than 1.5 μF over the full range of operating conditions. The full range of operating conditions in the
application must be considered during device selection to ensure that the minimum capacitance specification is met. X7R and X5R type capacitors are recommended,
while Y5V and Z5U capacitors are not recommended for use with any LDO.
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 5 of 23
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 3.
Parameter Rating
VIN to GND 0.3 V to +24 V
VOUT to GND
0.3 V to VIN
EN to GND 0.3 V to +24 V
SENSE/ADJ to GND 0.3 V to +6 V
SS to GND 0.3 V to VIN or +6 V
(whichever is less)
Storage Temperature Range 65°C to +150°C
Junction Temperature (TJ)
150°C
Operating Ambient Temperature (TA)
Range
40°C to +125°C
Soldering Conditions
JEDEC J-STD-020
Stresses at or above those listed under Absolute Maximum
Ratings may cause permanent damage to the product. This is a
stress rating only; functional operation of the product at these
or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Operation beyond
the maximum operating conditions for extended periods may
affect product reliability.
THERMAL DATA
Absolute maximum ratings apply individually only, not in
combination. The ADP7118 can be damaged when the junction
temperature limits are exceeded. Monitoring ambient temperature
does not guarantee that TJ is within the specified temperature
limits. In applications with high power dissipation and poor
thermal resistance, the maximum ambient temperature may
have to be derated.
In applications with moderate power dissipation and low
printed circuit board (PCB) thermal resistance, the maximum
ambient temperature can exceed the maximum limit as long as
the junction temperature is within specification limits. The
junction temperature of the device is dependent on the ambient
temperature, the power dissipation (PD) of the device, and the
junction-to-ambient thermal resistance of the package (θJA).
Maximum TJ is calculated from the TA and PD using the formula
TJ = TA + (PD × θJA) (1)
θJA of the package is based on modeling and calculation using a
4-layer board. The θJA is highly dependent on the application
and board layout. In applications where high maximum power
dissipation exists, close attention to thermal board design is
required. The value of θJA may vary, depending on PCB material,
layout, and environmental conditions. The specified values of
θJA are based on a 4-layer, 4 inches × 3 inches circuit board. See
JESD51-7 and JESD51-9 for detailed information on the board
construction.
ΨJB is the junction-to-board thermal characterization parameter
with units of °C/W. The ΨJB of the package is based on modeling
and calculation using a 4-layer board. The JESD51-12, Guidelines
for Reporting and Using Electronic Package Thermal Information,
states that thermal characterization parameters are not the same
as thermal resistances. ΨJB measures the component power flowing
through multiple thermal paths rather than a single path as in
thermal resistance (θJB). Therefore, ΨJB thermal paths include
convection from the top of the package as well as radiation from
the package, factors that make ΨJB more useful in real-world
applications. Maximum TJ is calculated from the board
temperature (TB) and PD using the formula
TJ = TB + (PD × ΨJB) (2)
See JESD51-8 and JESD51-12 for more detailed information
about ΨJB.
THERMAL RESISTANCE
θJA, θJC, and ΨJB are specified for the worst-case conditions, that
is, a device soldered in a circuit board for surface-mount packages.
Table 4. Thermal Resistance
Package Type θJA θJC ΨJB Unit
6-Lead LFCSP 72.1 42.3 47.1 °C/W
8-Lead SOIC 52.7 41.5 32.7 °C/W
5-Lead TSOT 170 N/A1 43 °C/W
1 N/A means not applicable.
ESD CAUTION
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 6 of 23
PIN CONFIGURATIONS AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
3GND
1
VOUT
2
SENSE/ADJ
4 EN
6 VIN
5 SS
ADP7118
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
EXPOSED PAD
NOTES
1. THE EXPOSED PAD ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PACKAGE
ENHANCES THERMAL PERFORMANCE AND IS
ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO GND INSIDE THE
PACKAGE. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE EXPOSED
PAD CONNECT TO THE GROUND PLANE ON THE BOARD.
11849-003
Figure 3. 6-Lead LFCSP Pin Configuration
ADP7118
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
1
VIN
2
GND
3
EN
5
VOUT
4
SENSE/ADJ
11849-104
Figure 4. 5-Lead TSOT Pin Configuration
ADP7118
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
VOUT
1
VOUT
2
SENSE/ADJ
3
GND
4
VIN
8
VIN
7
SS
6
EN
5
NOTES
1. THE EXPOSED PAD ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PACKAGE
ENHANCES THERMAL PERFORMANCE AND IS
ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO GND INSIDE THE
PACKAGE. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE EXPOSED
PAD CONNECT TO THE GROUND PLANE ON THE BOARD.
11849-105
Figure 5. 8-Lead SOIC Pin Configuration
Table 5. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No.
6-Lead LFCSP 8-Lead SOIC 5-Lead TSOT Mnemonic Description
1 1, 2 5 VOUT Regulated Output Voltage. Bypass VOUT to GND with a 2.2 µF or greater
capacitor.
2 3 4 SENSE/ADJ Sense Input (SENSE). Connect to load. An external resistor divider may
also set the output voltage higher than the fixed output voltage (ADJ).
3 4 2 GND Ground.
4 5 3 EN The enable pin controls the operation of the LDO. Drive EN high to turn
on the regulator. Drive EN low to turn off the regulator. For automatic
startup, connect EN to VIN.
5
6
Not applicable
SS
Soft Start. An external capacitor connected to this pin determines the
soft-start time. Leave this pin open for a typical 380 μs start-up time. Do
not ground this pin.
6 7, 8 1 VIN Regulator Input Supply. Bypass VIN to GND with a 2.2 µF or greater
capacitor.
Not applicable EP Exposed Pad. The exposed pad on the bottom of the package enhances
thermal performance and is electrically connected to GND inside the
package. It is recommended that the exposed pad connect to the
ground plane on the board.
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 7 of 23
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
VIN = VOUT + 1 V or 2.7 V, whichever is greater, VOUT = 5 V, IOUT = 10 mA, CIN = COUT = 2.2 µF, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
–40 –5 25 85 125
V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
4.95
4.96
4.97
4.98
4.99
5.00
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.05 LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-004
Figure 6. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Junction Temperature
0.1 110 100 1000
V
OUT
(V)
I
LOAD
(mA)
4.95
4.96
4.97
4.98
4.99
5.00
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.05
11849-005
Figure 7. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Load Current (ILOAD)
510 15 20
V
OUT
(V)
V
IN
(V)
4.95
4.96
4.97
4.98
4.99
5.00
5.01
5.02
5.03
5.04
5.05 LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-006
Figure 8. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Input Voltage (VIN)
–40 –5 25 85 125
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
0
50
100
150
200
250
300 LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-007
Figure 9. Ground Current vs. Junction Temperature
0.1 110 100 1000
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
I
LOAD
(mA)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
11849-008
Figure 10. Ground Current vs. Load Current (ILOAD)
510 15 20
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
V
IN
(V)
0
50
100
150
200
250
300 LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-009
Figure 11. Ground Current vs. Input Voltage (VIN)
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 8 of 23
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
–50 –25 025 50 75 100 125
SHUTDOWN CURRENT (µA)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
V
IN
= 2.7V
V
IN
= 3V
V
IN
= 5V
V
IN
= 6V
V
IN
= 10V
V
IN
= 20V
11849-010
Figure 12. Shutdown Current vs. Temperature at Various Input Voltages
110 100 1000
DROPOUT (mV)
I
LOAD
(mA)
0
50
100
150
200
250
11849-011
Figure 13. Dropout Voltage vs. Load Current (ILOAD), VOUT = 5 V
4.8 5.0 5.4 5.65.2
VOUT (V)
VIN (V)
4.60
4.65
4.70
4.75
4.80
4.85
4.90
4.95
5.00
5.05
LOAD = 5mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 150mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-012
Figure 14. Output Voltage(VOUT) vs. Input Voltage (VIN) in Dropout, VOUT = 5 V
4.8 5.0 5.4 5.6
5.2
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
VIN (V)
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
1000
900
LOAD = 5mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 150mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-013
Figure 15. Ground Current vs. Input Voltage (VIN) in Dropout, VOUT = 5 V
–40 –5 25 85 125
V
OUT
(V)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
3.25
3.35
3.33
3.31
3.29
3.27
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-014
Figure 16. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Junction Temperature, VOUT = 3.3 V
0.1 110 100 1000
V
OUT
(V)
I
LOAD
(mA)
3.25
3.27
3.29
3.31
3.33
3.35
11849-015
Figure 17. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Load Current (ILOAD), VOUT = 3.3 V
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 9 of 23
010 20515
V
OUT
(V)
V
IN
(V)
3.25
3.27
3.29
3.31
3.33
3.35 LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-016
Figure 18. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Input Voltage (VIN), VOUT = 3.3 V
–40 –5 25 85 125
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
0
300
250
200
150
100
50
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-017
Figure 19. Ground Current vs. Junction Temperature, VOUT = 3.3 V
0.1 110 100 1000
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
I
LOAD
(mA)
0
40
80
120
160
200
20
60
100
140
180
11849-018
Figure 20. Ground Current vs. Load Current (ILOAD), VOUT = 3.3 V
010 20515
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
V
IN
(V)
0
300
250
200
150
100
50
LOAD = 100µA
LOAD = 1mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-019
Figure 21. Ground Current vs. Input Voltage (VIN), VOUT = 3.3 V
110 100 1000
DROPOUT (mV)
I
LOAD
(mA)
0
50
100
150
200
300
250
11849-020
Figure 22. Dropout Voltage vs. Load Current (ILOAD), VOUT = 3.3 V
3.1 3.3 3.73.5 3.9
V
OUT
(V)
V
IN
(V)
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.4
3.3
LOAD = 5mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 150mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-021
Figure 23. Output Voltage (VOUT) vs. Input Voltage (VIN) in Dropout,
VOUT = 3.3 V
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 10 of 23
3.1 3.3 3.73.5 3.9
GROUND CURRENT (µA)
V
IN
(V)
0
100
200
300
400
700
500
600
LOAD = 5mA
LOAD = 10mA
LOAD = 50mA
LOAD = 100mA
LOAD = 150mA
LOAD = 200mA
11849-022
Figure 24. Ground Current vs. Input Voltage (VIN) in Dropout, VOUT = 3.3 V
–40 –5 25 85 125
SS CURRENTA)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
0
300
250
200
150
100
50
V
IN
= 2.7V
V
IN
= 5.0V
V
IN
= 10V
V
IN
= 20V
11849-023
Figure 25. Soft Start (SS) Current vs. Temperature, Multiple Input Voltages,
VOUT = 5 V
110M1M100k10k1k10010
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
–100
–90
–80
–70
–60
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
03.0V
2.0V
1.6V
1.4V
1.2V
1.0V
800mV
700mV
600mV
11849-024
Figure 26. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) vs. Frequency, VOUT = 1.8 V,
for Various Headroom Voltages
0.2 3.02.62.21.81.41.00.6
PSRR (dB)
HEADROOM VOLTAGE (V)
–100
–90
–80
–70
–60
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
10Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz
100kHz
1MHz
10MHz
11849-025
Figure 27. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) vs. Headroom Voltage,
VOUT = 1.8 V,for Different Frequencies
10 10M1M100k10k1k100
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
–120
–100
–80
–60
–40
–20
0
3.0V
2.0V
1.6V
1.4V
1.2V
1.0V
800mV
700mV
600mV
500mV
11849-026
Figure 28. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) vs. Frequency, VOUT = 3.3 V,
for Various Headroom Voltages
0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0
PSRR (dB)
HEADROOM VOLTAGE (V)
–100
–90
–80
–70
–60
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
010Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz
100kHz
1MHz
10MHz
11849-027
Figure 29. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) vs. Headroom Voltage,
VOUT = 3.3 V, for Different Frequencies
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 11 of 23
10 10M1M100k10k1k100
PSRR (dB)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
–120
–100
–80
–60
–40
–20
0
3.0V
2.0V
1.6V
1.4V
1.2V
1.0V
800mV
700mV
600mV
500mV
11849-028
Figure 30. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) vs. Frequency, VOUT = 5 V,
for Various Headroom Voltages
0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0
PSRR (dB)
HEADROOM VOLTAGE (V)
–100
–90
–80
–70
–60
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
010Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz
100kHz
1MHz
10MHz
11849-029
Figure 31. Power Supply Rejection Ratio (PSRR) vs. Headroom Voltage,
VOUT = 5 V, for Different Frequencies
110 100 1000
RMS OUTPUT NOISE (µV rms)
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
0
4
8
12
16
20 10Hz TO 100kHz
100Hz TO 100kHz
11849-030
Figure 32. RMS Output Noise vs. Load Current
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
10M110 100 1k 10k 100k 1M
1
10
100
1k
10k
11849-031
Figure 33. Output Noise Spectral Density vs. Frequency, ILOAD = 10 mA
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
10M110 100 1k 10k 100k 1M
1
10
100
1k
10k
100k 100µA
1mA
10mA
100mA
200mA
11849-032
Figure 34. Output Noise Spectral Density vs. Frequency, for Different Loads
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
10M110 100 1k 10k 100k 1M
1
10
100
1k
10k
100k 1.8V
3.3V
5.0V
11849-033
Figure 35. Output Noise Spectral Density vs. Frequency for
Different Output Voltages
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 12 of 23
11849-034
CH1 200mA Ω
BW
CH2 20mV
BW
M20µs A CH1 1000mA
T 10.2%
1
2
T
Figure 36. Load Transient Response, ILOAD = 1 mA to 200 mA,
VOUT = 5 V, VIN = 7 V, CH1 Load Current, CH2 VOUT
11849-035
CH1 2V
BW
CH2 2mV
BW
M4.0µs A CH4 1.84V
T 10.2%
1
2
T
Figure 37. Line Transient Response, ILOAD = 200 mA,
VOUT = 5 V, CH1 VIN, CH2 VOUT
11849-036
CH1 200mA Ω
BW
CH2 20mV
BW
M20µs A CH1 148mA
T 10.4%
1
2
T
Figure 38. Load Transient Response, ILOAD = 1 mA to 200 mA,
VOUT = 3.3 V, VIN = 5 V, CH1 Load Current, CH2 VOUT
11849-037
CH1 1V BWCH2 2mV BWM4µs A CH4 1.84V
T 10.2%
1
2
T
Figure 39. Line Transient Response, ILOAD = 200 mA,
VOUT = 3.3 V, CH1 VIN, CH2 VOUT
11849-038
CH1 200mA Ω
BW
M20µs A CH1 84mA
T 10.2%
1
2
CH2 20mV
BW
T
Figure 40. Load Transient Response, ILOAD = 1 mA to 200 mA,
VOUT = 1.8 V, VIN = 3 V, CH1 Load Current, CH2 VOUT
11849-039
CH1 1V
BW
M4.0µs A CH4 2.08V
T 93.4%
1
2
CH2 5mV
T
Figure 41. Line Transient Response, ILOAD = 200 mA,
VOUT = 1.8 V, CH1 VIN, CH2 VOUT
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 13 of 23
THEORY OF OPERATION
The ADP7118 is a low quiescent current, LDO linear regulator
that operates from 2.7 V to 20 V and provides up to 200 mA of
output current. Drawing a low 180 μA of quiescent current
(typical) at full load makes the ADP7118 ideal for portable
equipment. Typical shutdown current consumption is less than
3 µA at room temperature.
Optimized for use with small 2.2 µF ceramic capacitors, the
ADP7118 provides excellent transient performance.
VOUT
SENSE/
ADJ
GND
SHORT-CIRCUIT,
THERMAL
PROTECTION
REFERENCE
SHUTDOWN
EN
VIN
11849-040
Figure 42. Internal Block Diagram
Internally, the ADP7118 consists of a reference, an error
amplifier, a feedback voltage divider, and a PMOS pass
transistor. Output current is delivered via the PMOS pass
device, which is controlled by the error amplifier. The error
amplifier compares the reference voltage with the feedback
voltage from the output and amplifies the difference. If the
feedback voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the gate of
the PMOS device is pulled lower, allowing more current to pass
and increasing the output voltage. If the feedback voltage is
higher than the reference voltage, the gate of the PMOS device
is pulled higher, allowing less current to pass and decreasing the
output voltage.
The ADP7118 is available in 16 fixed output voltage options,
ranging from 1.2 V to 5.0 V. The ADP7118 architecture allows
any fixed output voltage to be set to a higher voltage with an
external voltage divider. For example, a fixed 5 V output can be
set to a 6 V output according to the following equation:
VOUT = 5 V(1 + R1/R2) (3)
where R1 and R2 are the resistors in the output voltage divider
shown in Figure 43.
To set the output voltage of the adjustable ADP7118, replace
5 V in Equation 3 with 1.2 V.
VOUT
SENSE/ADJ
VIN
ADP7118
GND SS C
SS
1nF
C
IN
2.2µF C
OUT
2.2µF
EN
OFF
ON
V
IN
= 7V V
OUT
= 6V
R1
2kΩ
R2
10kΩ
11849-041
Figure 43. Typical Adjustable Output Voltage Application Schematic
It is recommended that the R2 value be less than 200 kΩ to
minimize errors in the output voltage caused by the SENSE/ADJ
pin input current. For example, when R1 and R2 each equal 200
and the default output voltage is 1.2 V, the adjusted output voltage is
2.4 V. The output voltage error introduced by the SENSE/ADJ pin
input current is 1 mV or 0.04%, assuming a typical SENSE/ADJ pin
input current of 10 nA at 25°C.
The ADP7118 uses the EN pin to enable and disable the
VOUT pin under normal operating conditions. When EN is
high, VOUT turns on, and when EN is low, VOUT turns off.
For automatic startup, EN can be tied to VIN.
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 14 of 23
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
ADIsimPOWER DESIGN TOOL
The ADP7118 is supported by the ADIsimPower™ design tool
set. ADIsimPower is a collection of tools that produce complete
power designs optimized for a specific design goal. The tools enable
the user to generate a full schematic, bill of materials, and calculate
performance in minutes. ADIsimPower can optimize designs for
cost, area, efficiency, and parts count, taking into consideration the
operating conditions and limitations of the IC and all real external
components. For more information about, and to obtain
ADIsimPower design tools, visit www.analog.com/ADIsimPower.
CAPACITOR SELECTION
Output Capacitor
The ADP7118 is designed for operation with small, space-saving
ceramic capacitors, but functions with general-purpose capacitors
as long as care is taken with regard to the effective series resistance
(ESR) value. The ESR of the output capacitor affects the stability of
the LDO control loop. A minimum of 2.2 µF capacitance with an
ESR of 0.3 or less is recommended to ensure the stability of the
ADP7118. Transient response to changes in load current is also
affected by output capacitance. Using a larger value of output
capacitance improves the transient response of the ADP7118 to
large changes in load current. Figure 44 shows the transient
responses for an output capacitance value of 2.2 µ F.
11849-042
CH1 200mA Ω
BW
M20µs A CH1 100mA
T 10.2%
1
2
CH2 20mV
BW
T
Figure 44. Output Transient Response, VOUT = 5 V, COUT = 2.2 µF, CH1 Load
Current, CH2 VOUT
Input Bypass Capacitor
Connecting a 2.2 µF capacitor from VIN to GND reduces the
circuit sensitivity to the PCB layout, especially when long input
traces or high source impedance is encountered. If greater than
2.2 µF of output capacitance is required, increase the input
capacitor to match it.
Input and Output Capacitor Properties
Any good quality ceramic capacitors can be used with the
ADP7118, as long as they meet the minimum capacitance and
maximum ESR requirements. Ceramic capacitors are manufactured
with a variety of dielectrics, each with different behavior over
temperature and applied voltage. Capacitors must have a dielectric
adequate to ensure the minimum capacitance over the necessary
temperature range and dc bias conditions. X5R or X7R dielectrics
with a voltage rating of 6.3 V to 100 V are recommended. Y5V
and Z5U dielectrics are not recommended, due to their poor
temperature and dc bias characteristics.
Figure 45 depicts the capacitance vs. voltage bias characteristic
of an 0805, 2.2 µF, 10 V, X5R capacitor. The voltage stability of a
capacitor is strongly influenced by the capacitor size and voltage
rating. In general, a capacitor in a larger package or higher voltage
rating exhibits better stability. The temperature variation of the
X5R dielectric is ~±15% over the −40°C to +85°C temperature
range and is not a function of package or voltage rating.
CAPACITANCE (µF)
DC BIAS VOLTAGE (V)
121086420
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
11849-043
Figure 45. Capacitance vs. Voltage Characteristic
Use Equation 1 to determine the worst-case capacitance accounting
for capacitor variation over temperature, component tolerance,
and voltage.
CEFF = CBIAS × (1 − TEMPCO) × (1 − TOL) (4)
where:
CBIAS is the effective capacitance at the operating voltage.
TEMPCO is the worst-case capacitor temperature coefficient.
TOL is the worst-case component tolerance.
In this example, the worst-case temperature coefficient (TEMPCO)
over −40°C to +85°C is assumed to be 15% for an X5R dielectric.
The tolerance of the capacitor (TOL) is assumed to be 10%, and
CBIAS is 2.09 μF at 5 V, as shown in Figure 45.
These values in Equation 1 yield
CEFF = 2.09 μF × (1 − 0.15) × (1 − 0.1) = 1.59 μF (5)
Therefore, the capacitor chosen in this example meets the
minimum capacitance requirement of the LDO over temper-
ature and tolerance at the chosen output voltage.
To guarantee the performance of the ADP7118, it is imperative
that the effects of dc bias, temperature, and tolerances on the
behavior of the capacitors be evaluated for each application.
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 15 of 23
PROGRAMABLE PRECISION ENABLE
The ADP7118 uses the EN pin to enable and disable the VOUT pin
under normal operating conditions. As shown in Figure 46, when a
rising voltage on EN crosses the upper threshold, nominally 1.2 V,
VOUT turns on. When a falling voltage on EN crosses the lower
threshold, nominally 1.1 V, VOUT turns off. The hysteresis of
the EN threshold is approximately 100 mV.
V
OUT
(V)
V
EN
(V)
1.301.251.201.151.101.05
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.5
3.0
–40°C
+25°C
+125°C
11849-044
Figure 46. Typical VOUT Response to EN Pin Operation
The upper and lower thresholds are user programmable and can
be set higher than the nominal 1.2 V threshold by using two
resistors. The resistance values, REN1 and REN2, can be
determined from the following:
REN2 = nominally 10 kΩ to 100 kΩ (6)
REN1 = REN2 × (VIN 1.2 V)/1.2 V (7)
where:
VIN is the desired turn-on voltage.
The hysteresis voltage increases by the factor (REN1 + REN2)/REN2.
For the example shown in Figure 47, the enable threshold is
3.6 V with a hysteresis of 300 mV.
VOUT
SENSE/ADJ
VIN
ADP7118
GND
C
IN
2.2µF C
OUT
2.2µF
EN
OFF
ON
V
IN
= 8V V
OUT
= 6V
R1
10kΩ
R2
20kΩ
R
EN1
200kΩ
R
EN2
100kΩ
11849-045
Figure 47. Typical EN Pin Voltage Divider
Figure 46 shows the typical hysteresis of the EN pin. This pre-
vents on/off oscillations that can occur due to noise on the EN
pin as it passes through the threshold points.
SOFT START
The ADP7118 uses an internal soft start (SS pin open) to limit the
inrush current when the output is enabled. The start-up time for
the 3.3 V option is approximately 380 µs from the time the EN
active threshold is crossed to when the output reaches 90% of
the final value. As shown in Figure 48, the start-up time is
independent on the output voltage setting.
V
OUT
(V)
TIME (ms)
1.00.90.8
0.70.60.50.4
0.30.20.10
0
1
2
3
4
6
5
V
EN
V
OUT
= 1.8V
V
OUT
= 3.3V
V
OUT
= 5.0V
11849-046
Figure 48. Typical Start-Up Behavior
An external capacitor connected to the SS pin determines the
soft start time. This SS pin can be left open for a typical 380 µs
start-up time. Do not ground this pin. When an external soft
start capacitor (CSS) is used, the soft start time is determined by
the following equation:
SSTIME (sec) = tSTART-UP at 0 pF + (0.6 × CSS)/ISS (8)
where:
tSTART-UP at 0 pF is the start-up time at CSS = 0 pF (typically 380 µs).
CSS is the soft start capacitor (F).
ISS is the soft start current (typically 1.15 µA).
V
OUT
(V)
TIME (ms)
1098765
43210
0
0.5
1.0
2.0
3.0
3.5
1.5
2.5
V
EN
NO SS CAP
1nF
2nF
4.7nF
6.8nF
10nF
11849-047
Figure 49. Typical Soft Start Behavior, Different CSS
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 16 of 23
NOISE REDUCTION OF THE ADP7118 IN
ADJUSTABLE MODE
The ultralow output noise of the ADP7118 is achieved by keeping
the LDO error amplifier in unity gain and setting the reference
voltage equal to the output voltage. This architecture does not
work for an adjustable output voltage LDO in the conventional
sense. However, the ADP7118 architecture allows any fixed
output voltage to be set to a higher voltage with an external
voltage divider. For example, a fixed 5 V output can be set to a
10 V output according to Equation 3 (see Figure 50):
VOUT = 5 V(1 + R1/R2)
The disadvantage in using the ADP7118 in this manner is that
the output voltage noise is proportional to the output voltage.
Therefore, it is best to choose a fixed output voltage that is close
to the target voltage to minimize the increase in output noise.
The adjustable LDO circuit can be modified to reduce the
output voltage noise to levels close to that of the fixed output
ADP7118. The circuit shown in Figure 50 adds two additional
components to the output voltage setting resistor divider. CNR
and RNR are added in parallel with R1 to reduce the ac gain of
the error amplifier. RNR is chosen to be small with respect to R2.
If RNR is 1% to 10% of the value of R2, the minimum ac gain of
the error amplifier is approximately 0.1 dB to 0.8 dB. The actual
gain is determined by the parallel combination of RNR and R1.
This gain ensures that the error amplifier always operates at
slightly greater than unity gain.
CNR is chosen by setting the reactance of CNR equal toR1 − RNR
at a frequency between 1 Hz and 50 Hz. This setting places the
frequency where the ac gain of the error amplifier is 3 dB down
from the dc gain.
V
OUT
= 10V
V
IN
= 12V VOUTVIN
GND
SENSE/ADJ
EN/
UVLO
100k
200k
C
OUT
2.2µF
C
IN
2.2µF
ON
OFF
R
NR
10k
R2
100k
+
+R1
100kC
NR
1µF
+
11849-048
Figure 50. Noise Reduction Modification
The noise of the adjustable LDO is found by using the following
formula, assuming the noise of a fixed output LDO is
approximately 11 μ V.
Noise = 11 μV × (RPAR + R2)/R2 (9)
where RPAR is a parallel combination of R1 and RNR.
Based on the component values shown in Figure 50, the ADP7118
has the following characteristics:
DC gain of 10 (20 dB)
3 dB roll-off frequency of 1.75 Hz
High frequency ac gain of 1.099 (0.82 dB)
Theoretical noise reduction factor of 9.1 (19.2 dB)
Measured rms noise of the adjustable LDO without noise
reduction is 70 µV rms
Measured rms noise of the adjustable LDO with noise
reduction is 12 µV rms
Measured noise reduction of approximately 15.3 dB
Note that the measured noise reduction is less than the theoretical
noise reduction. Figure 51 shows the noise spectral density of
an adjustable ADP7118 set to 6 V and 12 V with and without
the noise reduction network. The output noise with the noise
reduction network is approximately the same for both voltages,
especially beyond 100 Hz. The noise of the 6 V and 12 V outputs
without the noise reduction network differs by a factor of 2 up
to approximately 20 kHz. Above 40 kHz, the closed loop gain of
the error amplifier is limited by the open loop gain characteristic.
Therefore, the noise contribution from 20 kHz to 100 kHz is
less than what it is if the error amplifier had infinite bandwidth.
This is also the reason why the noise is less than what might be
expected simply based on the dc gain, that is, 70 µV rms vs.
110 µV rms.
NOISE SPECTRAL DENSITY (nV/Hz)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
10M1M100k10k1k100101
1
10
100
10k
100k
1k
11849-100
12V NOISE REDUCTION
12V NO NOISE REDUCTION
6V NOISE REDUCTION
6V NO NOISE REDUCTION
Figure 51. 6 V and 12 V Output Voltage with and Without Noise Reduction
Network
EFFECT OF NOISE REDUCTION ON START-UP TIME
The start-up time of the ADP7118 is affected by the noise
reduction network and must be considered in applications
where power supply sequencing is critical.
The noise reduction circuit adds a pole in the feedback loop,
slowing down the start-up time. To approximate the start-up time
for an adjustable model with a noise reduction network using the
following equation:
SSNRTIME (sec) = 5.5 × CNR × (RNR + RFB1)
For a CNR, RNR, and R1 combination of 1 µF, 1 0 kΩ, and 100 kΩ,
as shown in Figure 50, the start-up time is approximately 0.6 sec.
When SSNRTIME is greater than SSTIME, SSNRTIME dictates the
length of the start-up time instead of the soft start capacitor.
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 17 of 23
CURRENT-LIMIT AND THERMAL OVERLOAD
PROTECTION
The ADP7118 is protected against damage due to excessive
power dissipation by current and thermal overload protection
circuits. The ADP7118 is designed to current limit when the
output load reaches 400 mA (typical). When the output load
exceeds 400 mA, the output voltage is reduced to maintain a
constant current limit.
Thermal overload protection is included, which limits the
junction temperature to a maximum of 150°C (typical). Under
extreme conditions (that is, high ambient temperature and/or
high power dissipation) when the junction temperature starts
to rise above 150°C, the output is turned off, reducing the
output current to zero. When the junction temperature drops
below 135°C, the output is turned on again, and output current
is restored to the operating value.
Consider the case where a hard short from VOUT to ground
occurs. At first, the ADP7118 current limits, so that only 400 mA
is conducted into the short. If self heating of the junction is
great enough to cause the temperature to rise above 150°C,
thermal shutdown activates, turning off the output and reducing
the output current to zero. As the junction temperature cools
and drops below 135°C, the output turns on and conducts
400 mA into the short, again causing the junction temperature
to rise above 150°C. This thermal oscillation between 135°C
and 150°C causes a current oscillation between 400 mA and
0 mA that continues as long as the short remains at the output.
Current and thermal limit protections protect the device against
accidental overload conditions. For reliable operation, device
power dissipation must be externally limited so that the junction
temperature does not exceed 125°C.
THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS
In applications with a low input-to-output voltage differential,
the ADP7118 does not dissipate much heat. However, in
applications with high ambient temperature and/or high input
voltage, the heat dissipated in the package may become large
enough to cause the junction temperature of the die to exceed
the maximum junction temperature of 125°C.
When the junction temperature exceeds 150°C, the converter
enters thermal shutdown. It recovers only after the junction
temperature has decreased below 135°C to prevent any permanent
damage. Therefore, thermal analysis for the chosen application
is very important to guarantee reliable performance over all
conditions. The junction temperature of the die is the sum of
the ambient temperature of the environment and the temperature
rise of the package due to the power dissipation, as shown in
Equation 2.
To guarantee reliable operation, the junction temperature of the
ADP7118 must not exceed 125°C. To ensure that the junction
temperature stays below this maximum value, the user must be
aware of the parameters that contribute to junction temperature
changes. These parameters include ambient temperature, power
dissipation in the power device, and thermal resistances
between the junction and ambient air (θJA). The θJA number is
dependent on the package assembly compounds that are used
and the amount of copper used to solder the package GND pins
to the PCB.
Table 6 shows typical θJA values of the 8-lead SOIC, 6-lead LFCSP,
and 5-lead TSOT packages for various PCB copper sizes. Table 7
shows the typical ΨJB values of the 8-lead SOIC, 6-l e a d L F C S P,
and 5-lead TSOT.
Table 6. Typical θJA Values
Copper Size (mm2)
θJA (°C/W)
LFCSP SOIC TSOT
251 182.8 N/A2 N/A2
50 N/A2 181.4 152
100 142.6 145.4 146
500 83.9 89.3 131
1000 71.7 77.5 N/A2
6400 57.4 63.2 N/A2
1 Device soldered to minimum size pin traces.
2 N/A means not applicable.
Table 7. Typical ΨJB Values
Model ΨJB (°C/W)
6-Lead LFCSP 24
8-Lead SOIC
38.8
5-Lead TSOT 43
To calculate the junction temperature of the ADP7118, use
Equation 1.
TJ = TA + (PD × θJA)
where:
TA is the ambient temperature.
PD is the power dissipation in the die, given by
PD = [(VIN VOUT) × ILOAD] + (VIN × IGND) (10)
where:
VIN and VOUT are input and output voltages, respectively.
ILOAD is the load current.
IGND is the ground current.
Power dissipation due to ground current is quite small and can
be ignored. Therefore, the junction temperature equation
simplifies to the following:
TJ = TA + {[(VIN VOUT) × ILOAD] × θJA} (11)
As shown in Equation 4, for a given ambient temperature, input-
to-output voltage differential, and continuous load current,
there exists a minimum copper size requirement for the PCB
to ensure that the junction temperature does not rise above 125°C.
Figure 52 to Figure 60 show junction temperature calculations
for different ambient temperatures, power dissipation, and areas
of PCB copper.
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 18 of 23
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
105
115
125
135
145
0
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4
6400mm
2
500mm
2
25mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-049
Figure 52. LFCSP, TA = 25°C
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
00.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
6400mm
2
500mm
2
25mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-050
Figure 53. LFCSP, TA = 50°C
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
00.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
6400mm
2
500mm
2
25mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-051
Figure 54. LFCSP, TA = 85°C
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
00.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5
TB = 25°C
TB = 50°C
TB = 65°C
TB = 85°C
TJ MAX
11849-052
Figure 55. SOIC, TA = 25°C
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
00.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
6400mm
2
500mm
2
50mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-155
Figure 56. SOIC, TA = 50°C
65
145
135
125
115
105
95
85
75
00.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
6400mm
2
500mm
2
50mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-156
Figure 57. SOIC, TA = 85°C
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 19 of 23
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
105
115
125
135
145
00.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.0
0.7 0.9
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
500mm
2
100mm
2
50mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-157
Figure 58. TSOT, TA = 25°C
50
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
00.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
500mm
2
100mm
2
50mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-158
Figure 59. TSOT, TA = 50°C
65
145
75
85
95
105
115
125
135
00.400.350.300.250.200.150.100.05
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
500mm
2
100mm
2
50mm
2
T
J
MAX
11849-159
Figure 60. TSOT, TA = 85°C
In the case where the board temperature is known, use the thermal
characterization parameter, ΨJB, to estimate the junction
temperature rise (see Figure 61, Figure 62, and Figure 63).
Calculate the maximum junction temperature by using
Equation 2.
TJ = TB + (PD × ΨJB)
The typical value of ΨJB is 24°C/W for the 8-lead LFCSP package,
38.8°C/W for the 8-lead SOIC package, and 43°C/W for the 5-lead
TSOT package.
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
00.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5
T
B
= 25°C
T
B
= 50°C
T
B
= 65°C
T
B
= 85°C
T
J
MAX
11849-160
Figure 61. LFCSP Junction Temperature Rise, Different Board Temperatures
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
00.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0
T
B
= 25°C
T
B
= 50°C
T
B
= 65°C
T
B
= 85°C
T
J
MAX
11849-161
Figure 62. SOIC Junction Temperature Rise, Different Board Temperatures
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
00.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5
T
B
= 25°C
T
B
= 50°C
T
B
= 65°C
T
B
= 85°C
T
J
MAX
11849-162
Figure 63. TSOT Junction Temperature Rise, Different Board Temperatures
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 20 of 23
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD LAYOUT CONSIDERATIONS
Heat dissipation from the package can be improved by increasing
the amount of copper attached to the pins of the ADP7118.
However, as listed in Table 6, a point of diminishing returns is
eventually reached, beyond which an increase in the copper size
does not yield significant heat dissipation benefits.
Place the input capacitor as close as possible to the VIN and
GND pins. Place the output capacitor as close as possible to the
VOUT and GND pins. Use of 0805 or 1206 size capacitors and
resistors achieves the smallest possible footprint solution on
boards where area is limited.
11849-263
Figure 64. Example LFCSP PCB Layout
11849-164
Figure 65. Example SOIC PCB Layout
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 21 of 23
11849-165
Figure 66. Example TSOT PCB Layout
Table 8. Recommended LDOs for Very Low Noise Operation
Device
Number
VIN
Range (V)
VOUT
Fixed (V)
VOUT
Adjust
(V)
IOUT
(mA)
IQ at
IOUT
(μA)
IGND-SD
Max
(μA)
Soft
Start PGOOD
Noise
(Fixed)
10 Hz to
100 kHz
(μV rms)
PSRR
100 kHz
(dB)
PSRR
1 MHz Package
ADP7102 3.3 to 20 1.5 to 9 1.22 to
19
300 750 75 No Yes 15 60 40 dB 3 × 3mm
8-lead LFCSP,
8-lead SOIC
ADP7104 3.3 to 20 1.5 to 9 1.22 to
19
500 900 75 No Yes 15 60 40 dB 3 × 3mm
8-lead LFCSP,
8-lead SOIC
ADP7105 3.3 to 20 1.8, 3.3, 5 1.22 to
19
500 900 75 Yes Yes 15 60 40 dB 3 × 3mm
8-lead LFCSP,
8-lead SOIC
ADP7118 2.7 to 20 1.2 to 5 1.2 to 19 200 160 10 Yes No 11 68 50 dB 2 × 2mm
6-lead LFCSP,
8-lead SOIC,
5-lead TSOT
ADP7142 2.7 to 40 1.2 to 5 1.2 to 39 200 160 10 Yes No 11 68 50 dB 2 × 2mm
6-lead LFCSP,
8-lead SOIC,
5-lead TSOT
ADP7182 −2.7 to
−28
−1.8 to
−5
−1.22 to
−27
−200 −650 −8 No No 18 45 45 dB 2 × 2mm
6-lead LFCSP,
3 × 3mm
8-lead LFCSP,
5-lead TSOT
Table 9. Related Devices
Model Input Voltage (V) Output Current (mA) Package
ADP7142ACP 2.7 to 40 200 6-Lead LFCSP
ADP7142ARD 2.7 to 40 200 8-Lead SOIC
ADP7142AUJ 2.7 to 40 200 5-Lead TSOT
ADP7112ACB 2.7 to 20 200 4-Lead WLCSP
ADP7118 Data Sheet
Rev. D | Page 22 of 23
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
1.70
1.60
1.50
0.425
0.350
0.275
TOP VIEW
6
1
4
3
0.35
0.30
0.25
BOTTOM VIE W
PIN 1 INDEX
AREA
0.60
0.55
0.50
1.10
1.00
0.90
0.20 REF
0.05 MAX
0.02 NOM
0.65 BSC
EXPOSED
PAD
FOR PROPER CONNECTION OF
THE EXPOSED PAD, REFER TO
THE PIN CONFIGURATION AND
FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
SECTION OF THIS DATA SHEET.
2.10
2.00 SQ
1.90
0.15 MIN
10-25-2017-D
SEATING
PLANE
PIN 1
INDIC ATOR AREA OPTIONS
(SEE DETAIL A)
DETAIL A
(JEDEC 95)
PKG-003581
Figure 67. 6-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP]
2.00 mm × 2.00 mm Body and 0.55 mm Package Height
(CP-6-3)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012-AA
06-02-2011-B
1.27
0.40
1.75
1.35
2.29
2.29
0.356
0.457
4.00
3.90
3.80
6.20
6.00
5.80
5.00
4.90
4.80
0.10 MAX
0.05 NOM
3.81 REF
0.25
0.17
0.50
0.25
45°
COPLANARITY
0.10
1.04 REF
8
14
5
1.27 BSC
SEATING
PLANE
FOR PROPER CONNECTION OF
THE EXPOSED PAD, REFER TO
THE PIN CONFIGURATION AND
FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
SECTION OF THIS DATA SHEET.
BOTTOM VIEW
TOP VIEW
0.51
0.31
1.65
1.25
Figure 68. 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package, with Exposed Pad [SOIC_N_EP]
Narrow Body
(RD-8-1)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Data Sheet ADP7118
Rev. D | Page 23 of 23
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-193-AB
0.95 BSC
1.90 REF
0.90
0.70
0.20
0.08
0.60
0.45
0.30
0.50
0.30
0.10 MAX
1.00 MAX
5 4
1 2 3
END VIEW
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
04-05-2017-B
PKG-000882
3.05
2.90
2.75
3.05
2.80
2.55
1.75
1.60
1.45
SEATING
PLANE
Figure 69. 5-Lead Thin Small Outline Transistor Package [TSOT]
(UJ-5)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1 Temperature Range Output Voltage (V)2, 3 Package Description Package Option Marking Code
ADP7118ACPZN-R7 −40°C to +125°C Adjustable (1.2 V) 6-Lead LFCSP CP-6-3 LP9
ADP7118ACPZN1.8-R7 −40°C to +125°C 1.8 6-Lead LFCSP CP-6-3 LPA
ADP7118ACPZN2.5-R7 −40°C to +125°C 2.5 6-Lead LFCSP CP-6-3 LPB
ADP7118ACPZN3.3-R7 −40°C to +125°C 3.3 6-Lead LFCSP CP-6-3 LPC
ADP7118ACPZN5.0-R7 −40°C to +125°C 5 6-Lead LFCSP CP-6-3 LPD
ADP7118ARDZ −40°C to +125°C Adjustable (1.2 V) 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-R7 −40°C to +125°C Adjustable (1.2 V) 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-1.8 −40°C to +125°C 1.8 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-1.8-R7 −40°C to +125°C 1.8 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-2.5 −40°C to +125°C 2.5 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-2.5-R7 −40°C to +125°C 2.5 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-3.3 −40°C to +125°C 3.3 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-3.3-R7 −40°C to +125°C 3.3 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-5.0 −40°C to +125°C 5 8-Lead SOIC_N_EP RD-8-1
ADP7118ARDZ-5.0-R7
−40°C to +125°C
5
8-Lead SOIC_N_EP
RD-8-1
ADP7118AUJZ-R2 −40°C to +125°C Adjustable (1.2 V) 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LP9
ADP7118AUJZ-R7 −40°C to +125°C Adjustable (1.2 V) 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LP9
ADP7118AUJZ-1.8-R7 −40°C to +125°C 1.8 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LPA
ADP7118AUJZ-2.5-R7 −40°C to +125°C 2.5 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LPB
ADP7118AUJZ-3.3-R7 −40°C to +125°C 3.3 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LPC
ADP7118AUJZ-4.5-R7 −40°C to +125°C 4.5 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LUU
ADP7118AUJZ-5.0-R7 −40°C to +125°C 5 5-Lead TSOT UJ-5 LPD
ADP7118UJ-EVALZ TSOT Evaluation Board
ADP7118CP-EVALZ LFCSP Evaluation Board
ADP7118RD-EVALZ SOIC Evaluation Board
1 Z = RoHS compliant part.
2 For additional voltage options, contact a local Analog Devices, Inc., sales or distribution representative.
3 The evaluation boards are preconfigured with an adjustable ADP7118.
©20142018 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D11849-0-4/18(D)

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